Answer the question given below and write an essay in which you develop your own interpretation and evaluation of certain concepts and claims made in Confucius’ Analects. You need to support your interpretation be referring to passages in the Analects.

Question: What, for Confucius, should be the proper relation of the ruler to those he governs and of the people to the ruler? What qualities should the ruler have and why? Why does Confucius believe that if the ruler has these qualities people would behave morally and punishment would be unnecessary? To what extent do you think Confucius’ ideas about government are relevant today? To what extent do you agree with Confucius (and why)?

Sample Solution