Pick one (1) of the following three (3) case study scenarios, then research and build your issue paper using the provided format on the PICT210 iLearn page. You may use an ‘intelligence estimate’ approach, employing intelligence preparation of the operational environment or battlespace (IPOE/JIPB), including centres of gravity analysis, or use other appropriate analytical approaches or parts of those approaches, such as: strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, threats (SWOT); Clausewitz ‘Trinity Analysis’; political, military, economic, social, infrastructure, information (PMESII); political, economic, social, technological (PEST); biographical, economic, sociological, transportation and telecommunications, military geography, armed forces, political, science/technology (BESTMAPS); and/or diplomacy, information, military, economic (DIME) levers of national power analytic approaches. Always consider and assess alternative predictive assessments or alternative futures when arriving at most likely & most dangerous course of action (COA) determination. Be critically minded and balanced, yet decisive at the same time, indicating your level of certainty and identifying key knowledge gaps.
Scenario 1. You are a Defence Intelligence Organisation (DIO) intelligence analyst and have been directed to build a comprehensive yet concise ‘Powerpoint presentation’ and ‘Issue Paper’ on the current North Korea situation. You will need to assess North Korea’s Nuclear and Ballistic Missile program capabilities and assess its intent to employ them: how, when and where — most likely and most dangerous courses of action (COAs). You have also been directed to include and assessment of the likelihood of North Korea giving up its nuclear weapons and under what circumstances — most likely and most dangerous North Korean courses of action (COAs).
Scenario 2. You are an Australian Security Intelligence Organisation (ASIO) intelligence analyst working in the counter terrorism division. You have been directed to build a comprehensive yet concise ‘Powerpoint presentation’ and ‘Issue Paper’ on the current situation concerning ISIS in the Middle East, specifically Syria and Iraq. As part of your analysis, you are to cover the current situation on the ground, including pockets of ISIS presence and resistance, and provide a most likely and most dangerous course of action (COA) assessment for the future of ISIS. You have also been directed to assess the number of Australian citizens who are fighting for ISIS and the likelihood they will return to Australia, as well as providing a brief threat or risk assessment of their activities once they return. Again, a predictive assessment is required to best
determine what preventative actions should be taken in Australia to protect its citizens from potential harm.
Scenario 3. You are an Australian Federal Police intelligence analyst working in organized crime and drug trafficking. You have been directed to research, analyse and deliver a comprehensive yet concise ‘Powerpoint presentation’ and ‘Issue Paper’ on recent crystal meth (Ice) trafficking via maritime vessels, originating from Ice labs in Guangzhou, southeast China. Assess drug traffickers’ methods of transporting Ice into Australia – maritime and air, small vessel, merchant shipping (containers), postal mail service, air freight, human mules or routing through third party countries. Then make a predictive assessment of most likely and most dangerous future courses of action (COAs) for these drug trafficking rings.



Sample Solution

Sample solution

Dante Alighieri played a critical role in the literature world through his poem Divine Comedy that was written in the 14th century. The poem contains Inferno, Purgatorio, and Paradiso. The Inferno is a description of the nine circles of torment that are found on the earth. It depicts the realms of the people that have gone against the spiritual values and who, instead, have chosen bestial appetite, violence, or fraud and malice. The nine circles of hell are limbo, lust, gluttony, greed and wrath. Others are heresy, violence, fraud, and treachery. The purpose of this paper is to examine the Dante’s Inferno in the perspective of its portrayal of God’s image and the justification of hell. 

In this epic poem, God is portrayed as a super being guilty of multiple weaknesses including being egotistic, unjust, and hypocritical. Dante, in this poem, depicts God as being more human than divine by challenging God’s omnipotence. Additionally, the manner in which Dante describes Hell is in full contradiction to the morals of God as written in the Bible. When god arranges Hell to flatter Himself, He commits egotism, a sin that is common among human beings (Cheney, 2016). The weakness is depicted in Limbo and on the Gate of Hell where, for instance, God sends those who do not worship Him to Hell. This implies that failure to worship Him is a sin.

God is also depicted as lacking justice in His actions thus removing the godly image. The injustice is portrayed by the manner in which the sodomites and opportunists are treated. The opportunists are subjected to banner chasing in their lives after death followed by being stung by insects and maggots. They are known to having done neither good nor bad during their lifetimes and, therefore, justice could have demanded that they be granted a neutral punishment having lived a neutral life. The sodomites are also punished unfairly by God when Brunetto Lattini is condemned to hell despite being a good leader (Babor, T. F., McGovern, T., & Robaina, K. (2017). While he commited sodomy, God chooses to ignore all the other good deeds that Brunetto did.

Finally, God is also portrayed as being hypocritical in His actions, a sin that further diminishes His godliness and makes Him more human. A case in point is when God condemns the sin of egotism and goes ahead to commit it repeatedly. Proverbs 29:23 states that “arrogance will bring your downfall, but if you are humble, you will be respected.” When Slattery condemns Dante’s human state as being weak, doubtful, and limited, he is proving God’s hypocrisy because He is also human (Verdicchio, 2015). The actions of God in Hell as portrayed by Dante are inconsistent with the Biblical literature. Both Dante and God are prone to making mistakes, something common among human beings thus making God more human.

To wrap it up, Dante portrays God is more human since He commits the same sins that humans commit: egotism, hypocrisy, and injustice. Hell is justified as being a destination for victims of the mistakes committed by God. The Hell is presented as being a totally different place as compared to what is written about it in the Bible. As a result, reading through the text gives an image of God who is prone to the very mistakes common to humans thus ripping Him off His lofty status of divine and, instead, making Him a mere human. Whether or not Dante did it intentionally is subject to debate but one thing is clear in the poem: the misconstrued notion of God is revealed to future generations.



Babor, T. F., McGovern, T., & Robaina, K. (2017). Dante’s inferno: Seven deadly sins in scientific publishing and how to avoid them. Addiction Science: A Guide for the Perplexed, 267.

Cheney, L. D. G. (2016). Illustrations for Dante’s Inferno: A Comparative Study of Sandro Botticelli, Giovanni Stradano, and Federico Zuccaro. Cultural and Religious Studies4(8), 487.

Verdicchio, M. (2015). Irony and Desire in Dante’s” Inferno” 27. Italica, 285-297.