Anthropology

Learn more about genetic diseases in humans, and how the Human Genome Project has mapped the location of thousands of genes.

Go to the Genetics Home Reference website
http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/BrowseConditions (Links to an external site.)

https://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/condition

Choose two genetic diseases to read about. You will answer questions about the two diseases you chose.
Click on the link to Chromosomes (Links to an external site.).
Then choose one chromosome and click on its number. Read the general information about it, as well as the few sample diseases mapped on each.
https://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/chromosome

Q 1:

What is the name of the first disease you selected?
Describe in your own words how the body is affected by this disease.
Summarize the pattern of inheritance for the disease. Is it associated with a single gene or multiple genes? How commonly does it occur? Are particular sexes or ethnic groups affected more commonly?

Q2:

What is the name of the second disease you selected?
Describe in your own words how the body is affected by this disease.
Summarize the pattern of inheritance for the disease. Is it associated with a single gene or multiple genes? How commonly does it occur? Are particular sexes or ethnic groups affected more commonly?

Q3 :

What was the number of the chromosome you selected? Approximately how many genes are located on this chromosome?Provide one example of a genetic disease caused by an abnormality on this chromosome.

Q4:

If a disease or condition has been linked to a particular gene, does it mean the gene is the sole cause of that disease? What other factors could potentially contribute to the expression of the disease?

Sample Solution

ACED ESSAYS