Assessment 1 provides you with six research scenarios, each with associated data and two tasks to complete. For each scenario you are assuming the role of a researcher employed by an organisation with the purpose of helping them answer a question about their business.
Your role is to gather data related to the question, analyse this data, and write a “results section” providing an answer to the question (hence this assessment is a partial research report because it only requires an APA-style results section).
Each scenario consists of three tasks;
TASK 1: Analyse the data provided using the relevant statistical analysis in SPSS, and write a results section using these findings.
In the results you are expected to;
(a) Provide the hypothesis (include the units of measure for the dependent variable).
(b) Describe the overall number of participants, and the means and standard deviations of the age of these participants, grouped by sex.
(c) Test parametric assumptions
(d) Present the appropriate statistical finding
(e) Interpret the statistical findings and include post hoc analyses if necessary
(f) Calculate effect sizes where appropriate
(g) Include all relevant SPSS outputs in an appendix following your results write-up, e.g., a table of means, a table of normality tests, the statistical output table etc.
TASK 2: Describe your research findings using a single sentence.
Based on the statistical analysis you’ve performed, write a clear statement explaining whether the company’s hypothesis was supported or not supported. If the hypothesis does not involve a specific prediction, describe the research findings and the conclusion you would provide the company.
TASK 3: Identify a design flaw in the scenario.
Each scenario has a hidden experimental design flaw. Identify this design flaw and explain how it might affect your statistical finding, leading to an inaccurate or invalid conclusion.
Submission of Assessment 1 is through Turnitin. See vUWS and the Learning Guide for further information. The Turnitin Link will be in your Assessment Folder.
TYPE YOUR ANSWERS INTO THIS WORD DOCUMENT (Note: you might need to use more space than that which is currently provided under each task e.g., your results section might take up a full page if you include a table).
The Foolproof Guide will be valuable assistance in completing each of these six tasks. However be aware that the results section applicable to each of the six assessment scenarios will not necessarily match “word for word” the examples shown in the Foolproof guide. For instance, assumptions met in the Foolproof guide example might not be met in the corresponding Assessment 1 scenario, or vice versa. You will need to adapt your results sections accordingly. You will also need to include a breakdown of the participants’ sex and age as a sentence in the results, and this is not performed in the examples shown in the Foolproof Guide.
A health-food company is planning to market a new one-month weight-loss “diet-shake” program to the public. The company executives believe the program will be effective in helping people lose weight, however they require scientific evidence of its success to use in a future advertising campaign.
To help them gather this evidence, you randomly recruit a group of 40 volunteer participants from the public who have been identified by medical professionals as clinically “obese” and measure their weight. You then immediately administer the diet program, which consists of a three “diet-shakes” and three very small meals a day, and a specialised exercise regime. Every participant starts on the same day, Monday of Week 1, and ends the program on the same day, Friday of Week 4. Throughout the month you monitor your participants and are please to find they are all taking the program seriously.
At the end of the one-month program you organise for your participants to take a second weight measurement, however many of the participants are taking summer holidays and are not available for you to weigh. Consequently, you decide to postpone the second weight measurement and wait an additional two months before re-weighing them (so that all 40 can participate).
Finally, three months after the beginning of the program you finally get your chance and collect new weight measurements from the 40 participants. You use the data from these participants to answer the company’s question – did the program result in a significant drop in weight?
Drawn in staff, at all levels of the business, are urgent to finish in a commercial center that is progressively immersed results and administrations. Separating the offering of one business from another (Servaes and Tamayo 2013) is winding up more hard to accomplish, however CSR related exercises give a state of item separation. Earth sounds merchandise, (for example, recyclable plastics) and Fairtrade nourishment stuffs, (for example, espresso) are two cases of well-known items that have been separated by associations acting in an all the more socially capable way. Firms who neglect to advance along these lines will progress toward becoming adherents rather than pioneers, and conceivably affect their benefit (Blowfield and Murray, 2008). More intelligent item and administration improvement needs to begin with administrators and pioneers thinking outside their conventional item and administration offerings (Blowfield and Murray, 2008). The move to an all the more socially capable business basic has opened up new markets and openings inside which an association can extend and succeed (Watchman and Kramer, 2006). Those associations shut to CSR will miss these openings and risk being deserted. Regardless of whether openings are distinguished, access to capital may turn out to be progressively troublesome for non-CSR firms. With the ascent of Socially Responsible Investment, associations that don't take part in CSR can restrain their entrance to capital and henceforth, their development potential (Porter and Kramer, 2006). Besides, associations risk more prominent administrative intercession in the event that they don't change to all the more socially capable ways. The current pattern towards direction of business exercises has featured the way that if governments and approach producers recognize disappointments in self-control, they are more than willing to advance in and manage business conduct (Lynch-Wood et al, 2009). Enactment changes and consistence necessities are both prohibitive and exorbitant to associations. On the off chance that associations neglect to go well beyond the present consistence prerequisites, they chance all the more being forced on their exercises (Bênabou and Tirole, 2010). These dangers all can possibly essentially affect an associations productivity and in extraordinary cases, long haul survival. These contemplations additionally ought to be make enough for organizations reexamine their default position on CSR activities. Whatever the inadequacies of the CSR development, and the ideologically roused banters about definition, society and the worldwide economy are fundamentally changed. Being socially mindful is presently the best way to work together. Corporate Social Responsibility is a sounds business idea, however long battled discusses around its definition have decreased the effect that it might have had on the business group. The reality remains that regardless of whether associations act in a socially dependable way, there is some level of benefit inspired self-enthusiasm supporting these choices. The best progress in moving (compelling?) associations to be all the more socially mindful has been societal and ecological changes outside to the firm. Worldwide industry and populaces have prompted the debasement of crude materials and non-renewable energy sources which has made it vital for some, ventures to reevaluate how they work together. Maintainable advancement has progressed toward becoming center to business tasks in many parts and is currently more an instance of good business hone than falling under the CSR pennant. Society has additionally observed the effect that business has on their indigenous habitat and groups when all is said in done, and is presently ready and equipped for calling associations into represent reckless, dishonest conduct. In rundown, powers outside to the association have had a more noteworthy impact in moving associations towards the CSR perfect than the CSR development itself. Notwithstanding how more socially mindful business hones are accomplished, the change is certain and across the board. Considerable hazard still stays for those organizations who don't receive CSR rehearses. The suggestions incorporate reputational chance, the failure to pull in and hold staff and the likelihood of expanded direction. Neglecting to grasp CSR additionally can possibly affect the long haul reasonableness of an association, decreasing access to capital, missing open doors for development and the inability to separate your image from whatever is left of the pack. The conclusion being that being socially dependable is not any more discretionary, it is basically the way great business is finished. References Ashley, P. what's more, Crowther, D. (2012), Territories of social obligation. first ed. Farnham, Surrey, England: Gower. Bênabou, R. what's more, Tirole, J. (2010), Individual and Corporate Social Responsibility. Economica, 77: 1– 19. Bhattacharya, C.B., Sankar, S., Korschun, D., (2008), "Utilizing Corporate Social Responsibility to Win the War for Talent", MIT Sloan Management Review, (http://sloanreview.mit.edu/article/utilizing corporate-social-obligation to-win-the-war-for-ability/) Blowfield, M. what's more, Murray, A. (2008), Corporate Responsibility: a basic presentation, OUP. Dahlsrud, A. (2008), "How Corporate Social Responsibility is Defined: an Analysis of 37 Definitions", Corporate Social Responsibility and Environmental Management, 15 (1), pp 1-13. Drucker, P. (1954), The Practice of Management, Allied Partners, New York. Fitzgerald, N. what's more, Cormack, M. (2011), The Role of Business in Society. An Agenda for Action, Joint Initiative by the Conference Board, Harvard University CSR Initiative and the International Business Leaders Forum for the benefit of the Clinton Initiative. ( http://www.hks.harvard.edu/m-rcbg/CSRI/distributions/report_12_CGI%20Role%20of%20Business%20in%20Society%20Report%20FINAL%2010-03-06.pdf ) Friedman, M. (1970), "The Social Responsibility of Business is to Increase its Profits", The New York Times Magazine, September 13, 1970, pp 122-126. Global Organization for Standardization 2010, Guidance Standard on Social Responsibility (ISO 26000). Lynch-Wood, G., Williamson, D. what's more, Jenkins, W. (2009), "The over-dependence on self-direction in CSR arrangement", Business Ethics: An European Review, 18 (1), pp 52-65. Artisan, C., and Simmons, J. (2014), "Installing Corporate Social Responsibility in Corporate Governance: A Stakeholder Systems Approach", Journal of Business Ethics, 119, pp 77-86. McWilliams, A., Siegel, D.S., and Wright, P.M. (2006), "Corporate Social Responsibility: Strategic Implications", Journal of Management Studies, 43 (1), pp 1-18. Cash, K. what's more, Schepers, H. (2007), "Are CSR and Corporate Governance Converging?" Journal of General Management, 33 (2). Watchman, M.E., and Kramer, M.R.(2006), "System and Society: The Link Between Competitive Advantage and Corporate Social Responsibility", Harvard Business Review, December 2006, pp 78-93. Servaes, H. what's more, Tamayo, A. (2013), "The Impact of Corporate Social Responsibility on Firm Value: The Role of Customer Awareness", Management Science,59,(5), pp. 1045– 1061. Redman, E., (2005), "Understanding the Corporate Social Responsibility Continuum", >GET ANSWER