Astronomers face an embarrassing conundrum: they don’t know what 95% of the universe is made of. Atoms, which form everything we see around us, only account for a measly 5%. Over the past 80 years it has become clear that the substantial remainder is comprised of two shadowy entities – dark matter and dark energy. The former, first discovered in 1933, acts as an invisible glue, binding galaxies and galaxy clusters together. Unveiled in 1998, the latter is pushing the universe’s expansion to ever greater speeds. Astronomers are closing in on the true identities of these unseen interlopers.
What is thethe universe made of?
recreational marijuana, and opioids. The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration report the staggering statistic that in 2014, “approximately 1.2 million Americans are currently hallucinogenic drug users”. This goes to show the epidemic that psychiatrist have to take into account prior to clinically diagnosis an individual with Schizophrenia. The diagnosis for substance or medication induced psychotic disorder is to conduct a urine test to determine if the person is experiencing a “bad trip,” due to a controlled substance. The American Addiction Center, provides a description of a bad trip as “when brain levels of the drugs become “too” high, the effects become bizarre, and you start experiencing out-of-the-earth things”. An individuals with history of drug use that have been diagnosed with substance psychotic disorder often have recurrent bad trips even after the sobriety. It’s undeniable that mind altering drugs can lead to damaging the brain and permanently causing symptoms similar to Schizophrenia. However, Schizophrenia is typically a lifelong disorder while acute Substance Induced Psychotic Disorder symptoms with proper treatment and sobriety can go away. Schizophrenia can be linked by genetics while Substance Induced Psychotic Disorder, is due to abusing a controlled substance. Neither, are curable however, with treatment symptoms can subside or disappear. Prevalence Rates of Schizophrenia Physiatrist have observed that there is a difference in prevalence in women and men with Schizophrenia. According to Rena Li and Xi Ma, two Psychiatrist at the University of Tennessee, “Schizophrenia is more frequent in men. Female onset is typically 3–5 years later than males. It is now accepted that men has a single peak age for onset which is between 21 and 25 years old and women have two peaks age of onset, one between 25 and 30 years old”. There’s no research that has explained why women are diagnosed with Schizophrenia later than men except for the analogy that women with Schizophrenia are able to function with it longer. Most men at an early age begin to show signs of Schizophrenia by isolating themselves, pertaining in minuscule amounts of social activity, and abusing controlled substances. Which is alarming for a parent to see their child have this sudden change in behaviour often resulting in seeing a psychiatrist and being diagnosed with Schizophrenia. However, women generally show signs of Schizophrenia as a cry for help their mood begins to change acting particularly depressed and no longer having motivation to do anything. Severe obdurate lack of interest in the things within their life that they used to enjoy. Man also, are more likely to have cognitive issues early on and delayed memory. Yet, women that were diagnosed with the disorder later on down the line were more likely than men to have delusions and hallucinations. Another prevalence that affects the diagnosis rate of Schizophrenia is race.>GET ANSWER