Australia- Cultural Experience, Background, and Dimensions
Academic Level : Bachelor
Paper details Part A: Cultural Experience (3-6 pages; 75 points)Pick ONE of the options (a-f) below for experiencing a culture. You may choose to refer to your multiple intelligences score or VARK test results (Discussion 1). For instance, if you scored high on musical intelligence and have an aptitude for music, you may wish to experience the culture in that manner. If interpersonal intelligence was one of your strong points, a cultural interview (conversation) may be the way to go. a.Food: Identify the country and culture that you are studying for this assignment. Pick a recipe typical for that culture, one that draws upon ethnic ingredients not typical to American cuisine. Go shopping for the ingredients, ideally in an ethnic grocery store. Prepare the recipe and share with friends or family. For a fuller experience, play music, or a movie, specific to that culture during the meal. Report on the experience: i. What recipe did you pick? Why? Please attach the recipe as Appendix 1.ii. Where did you go shopping for ingredients? Did it feel different? How? iii. Write a paragraph about the experience of preparing the recipe. How does it compare with your usual experience of cooking (e.g. for American food)?iv. Write a paragraph about eating the food you prepared. Who did you eat it with? What were reactions like? How does this food compare with your usual diet?v. Photographs — please provide 2-4 photographs of the process from ingredients to the final meal in Appendix 2 b. Art: Identify the country and culture that you are studying for this assignment. Visit a museum (e.g. St. Louis Art Museum, Kemper Art Museum, Contemporary Art Museum, Pulitzer Art Museum, SLU Museum of Art, Museum of Contemporary Religious Art, Samuel Cupples House etc ) Spend an hour or so studying the art of your culture of choice. If art from your specific country is not available, you can study art from that general region. Report on the experience:i. Where did you go? Why did you pick that location?ii. Describe three pieces of art that you saw, using the ‘Art of Seeing Art’ process developed by the Toledo Museum of Art (http://www.visllt.org/the-art-of-seeing-art/). Include information about the title, artist (if available) and period of each piece of art. iii. Write a paragraph about what the art you saw suggests to you about the culture, and if you thought about any differences with your own culture. Were there any surprises9iv. How representative do you think the art was of the culture you are studying? Are there multiple styles of art representing different movements or subcultures?v. Visuals — please provide 1-3 visuals of art from that culture. Museums might not allow you to photograph art during your visit, but you may be able to find a relevant image from the museum website. Alternatively, you can find images of art from that culture through an intemet search. Please attach these images as an Appendix. c.Music: Identify the country and culture that you are studying for this assignment. Explore music from your culture of choice on YouTube, other intemet destinations, or through audio files / CDs. If you want, and where feasible, you may choose to attend a live musical performance. Try to either reproduce that music, or create some in that genre. Report on the experience:i. Tell me about the music you picked — its name, nature, style, artist etc Why did you pick this piece of music?ii. Describe some technical details — the instruments used, the type of voice (if relevant), the rhythm, pitch, melody, timbre etc iii Describe your feelings as you heard the music. Was it upbeat? Soothing? Did you find it cacophonous? How representative is the music of the culture you are studying? Are there multiple styles of music representing different movements or subcultures within the culture you are studying? Compare and contrast this piece to music that you usually listen to.iv. Describe your efforts to play similar music. Did you do it alone or with a friend? What was the experience like?
d. Dance: Identify the country and culture that you are studying for this assignment. Explore dance from your culture of choice on YouTube, or other intemet destinations. If you want, and where feasible, you may choose to attend a live dance performance. Try to either reproduce that dance, or create some in that genre. Report on the experience:i. Tell me about the dance piece you picked — its name, nature, style, artist, etc. Why did you pick this piece of dance?ii. Describe some technical details — the number of dancers, their roles and coordination, the musical accompaniments used, the phrasing and body movements, the level of fluidity, etc. iii. Describe your feelings as you observed the dance. Dance has been called the encapsulated version of a culture’s history and worldview. What did this dance tell you about its culture’s world-view and their social values, belief systems, etc.? How representative is this dance of the culture you are studying? Are there various styles of dance representing different movements or subcultures within the culture you are studying? Compare and contrast it to other types of dance that you are familiar with. iv. Describe your efforts to dance in a similar style. Did you do it alone or with a friend? What was the experience like9 v. Please provide a video link to the dance you observed (or similar dance from the intemet). If you like, you are also welcome to provide a link to your dance creation in this genre! e. Literature: Identify the country and culture that you are studying for this assignment. Pick a short story, novella, play, nonfiction piece or multiple poems from your country / culture of choice — either original or in translation. Report on the experience:i. Tell me about the piece of literature you picked — its name, author, style, etc. Why did you pick it? Did you read it in the original language or a translation?ii. Describe your experience of reading it. What feelings did it evoke? Could you identify with the characters and issues? Was the cultural context familiar or different? Did you enjoy the location and culture details? iii. Describe the issues discussed in the piece of literature. Were there any surprises for you? Did it give rise to any new insights about the culture it belongs to? Did it offer any new insights about your own culture? iv. Describe the context around the piece of literature. When was it written? What was going on that culture and society at the time? How does the piece of literature reflect or comment upon its larger society at the time? v. Please provide a link to the piece of literature, if it is freely available online. If it is not, please provide a link to its description.
f.Conversation: Identify the country and culture that you are studying for this assignment. Interview a person that belongs to the culture you are studying. Use some (at least 10) or all of the questions in Linda Levine’s cultural interview guide (www.sjsu.edu/people/linda.levine/courses/ /s1 /Culturalintenncw_Questions.doc). Use other questions also if you like. Report on the experience:i. Give a short bio of the person you are interviewing. Which culture do they belong to? How many years did they spend in their home country and how long have they been living in the USA? What do they do (in terms of career, profession, etc.)? What is their educational background?ii. Where did you meet? How long did you talk for? Were other people involved? Was food involved? iii. Please list all the questions you asked the interview subject in the Appendix. iv. Summarize three issues discussed in the cultural interview, in one paragraph each. v. Describe your thoughts and feelings during the interview in one paragraph. What did you learn about the person and their culture? Were there any surprises for you? Did it get any new insights about the person’s or your own culture? Part B: Informal Institutions (2-4 pages; 30 points)Describe at least 3 of these cultural dimensions: context, power distance, individualism, masculinity, uncertainty avoidance, and long-term orientation. For each dimension, a.Describe the culture’s orientation (e.g. high context vs. low context, individualism vs. collectivism, etc.) Explain why you have chosen this orientation for the culture.b. Give at least one example of behavior for each dimension in that particular culture. c.Explain how the culture’s orientation on cultural dimensions influences behavior and decisions for that country’s companies and decision-makersPart C: Cultural background and norms (2-3 pages; 15 points)a.How many languages are spoken in the country you are studying? Which language is primary? Are there any tensions between speakers of various languages?b. Are there distinct subcultures within that country? What are some of the primary ones? Is one dominant? c.What is the primary religion in the country? Are multiple religions practiced? Is there tension between religions?d. Please describe two
Roy Bhaskar's Theory of Critical Realism Disclaimer: This work has been put together by an understudy. This isn't a case of the work composed by our expert scholastic journalists. You can see tests of our expert work here. Any assessments, discoveries, ends or proposals communicated in this material are those of the writers and don't really mirror the perspectives of UK Essays. Distributed: Thu, 26 Jul 2018 The most effective method to Change Reality: Story versus Structure – Debate between Rom Harre and Roy Bhaskar Roy Bhaskar (15 May 1944 – 19 November 2014) was a British logician, eminent as the initiator of the philosophical development of Critical Realism. He was a World Scholar at the Institute of Education, University College London. Basic Realism (CR) is an integrative metatheory established in the 1970s by Roy Bhaskar with the production of fundamental works in the logic of science and sociology, for example, A Realist Theory of Science, The Plausibility of Naturalism, and Scientific Realism and Human Emancipation. Bhaskar's thought of the methods of insight of science and sociology brought about the improvement of Critical Realism. The term Critical Realism was not at first utilized by Bhaskar. The rationality started life as what Bhaskar called 'Supernatural Realism' in A Realist Theory of Science (1975), which he reached out into the sociologies as 'Basic Naturalism' in The Possibility of Naturalism (1978). The term 'Basic Realism' is an elision of Transcendental Realism and Critical Naturalism, that has been along these lines acknowledged by Bhaskar in the wake of being proposed by others, somewhat as a result of its proper meanings; Critical Realism imparts certain measurements to German Critical Theory. In this exposition Roy Bhaskar recognize post innovation, social constructionism, Critical Realism and Dialectical Critical Realism. He has talked about Rom and Charlie's perspective on Social Constructionism and Critical Realism in an argumentative setting. The main thing Bhaskar examined, is the manner by which Rom and Charlie shielded post modernization and social constructionism. Further, Bhaskar gave an argumentative setting on Rom's work, expressing that his everything works closes in some sort of reductionism, however before giving tongue on Rom's point. Bhaskar gives a drawn out clarification to postmodernist's adage that 'the truth is a social build'. Bhaskar began illustrating postmodernism. As per Bhaskar, "The truth is a develop of talk, the content, the discussion, or in the event that you like, individuals or even power relations". Bhaskar additionally reprimanded Rom's double angle reasoning of social reality. In which he expressed how Rom gives two distinct articulations in various modes. As per Bhaskar, when Rom is in Vygotskian mode he says that 'social the truth is a build of discussion'. That is on the grounds that Rom's thoughts are nearest as to Lev Vygotsky. Bhaskar additionally included that when Rom is in humanist mode, he says it is a 'build of individuals'. Both postmodernist and Rom concurred that social the truth is calculated, to which Bhaskar likewise concurred and broadcasted advance that is it not comprehensive of anything, regardless of whether its kin, ground-breaking particulars, talk or content. As per Bhaskar, intriguing thing about argumentative basic authenticity is that it takes the persuasion a phase further. Bhaskar's persuasive basic authenticity rejects any kind of reductionism. He affirmed that there is no condition among social and the theoretical or social and the people. He at that point gave delayed portrayal about reasonable minute in human life. He at that point talked about the association with human opportunity and they have a rationalistic universalisabilty of shaping a judgment. As indicated by Bhaskar, people have a dream of good society in which the free improvement of one is the condition with the expectation of complimentary advancement of all, by this announcement free advancement (- – - ), he is affirming that human needs an uncouth society, the free advancement of each, the individual freedom and opportunity to work of every individual considers the working of a superior society. He additionally affirmed that being people, we are more worried about the variables that influences our opportunity and we ought to dispose of those components, for example, Nazism (The belief system and routine with regards to the Nazis, particularly the strategy of supremacist patriotism, national extension, and state control of the economy), administration and private enterprise. He said that we should protect our circumstance by considering our being and presence in a more genuine way and it is on the grounds that we need to spare the circumstance and need to take ontological (nature of being, getting to be, presence, or reality, and the fundamental classes of being and their relations) question essentially of whether structures, regardless of whether oblivious or social, are genuine. Bhaskar portrays from a basic pragmatist viewpoint that how postmodernist prevent presence from securing direct protest being. Bhaskar attested that postmodernist typically says that they are not denying that things exist but rather they only state and says that they can't say anything in regards to these things. Be that as it may, Critical Realism has demonstrated philosophical position, or logical position, or social position, all require a specific general state of the world. He included that on the off chance that we are limited human learning to that which can be seen by the faculties, we will trust that social structures and social structures are changeless however in the event that we resemble Habermas (German social scientist and logician in the convention of basic hypothesis and sober mindedness.) in his record of nature that we will set up false obstruction among nature and society. Bhaskar attested nature is an extremely extraordinary thing, or, in other words by laws, component or structures and he concurred with Rom's words on nature that "we are allowed to reexamine it exceptionally morning".Bhaskar included that Rom and Charles are not postmodernist; they don't trust reality, accordingly, is a social build. Be that as it may, in their Social Constructivism , their perspectives on social presence lessens to discussion or individuals. They have given model that one thing can be reliant on numerous variables i.e. Does the nourishment depend just on cook? No. It relies upon different components like utensils, fixings, assets that he/she is given by the experts, to which Bhaskar included that the cook probably made more delectable nourishment if there would have been more spending plan. Here, Bhaskar needed to demonstrate a point that we are compelled by different factor and we can improve the situation without imperatives. Bhaskar then vernacular Rom and Charles thought of reexamining society. He reprimanded that "why Rom and Charles don't reevaluate a superior sort of society if it's so natural?" He at that point additionally clarified with a case of Oxford College, that how colleagues can choose how much wine they can drink and the amount to store for the following year. By this he implies how colleagues can change rules time to time. Yet, at that point an Oxford school is liable to government back, if secretly enriched, to securities exchange changes. By this precedent Bhaskar portrays how things can be controlled utilizing requirements and how things would go about as an intense imperative. Bhaskar additionally clarifies social structure and causal forces. He clarifies how specialist, factor or vehicle, anything that impacts the course of occasions somehow, is the criteria for causality. He included the general population are extremely exceptional however what individuals can do in a specific social setting must be inspected experimentally. He says we ought to acknowledge the obliging structures in the event that we need human opportunity and we ought not deny it. To this, Bhaskar tongue Rom's explanation that 'social structures can't be recreated with the exception of by human action'. He additionally attested what Rom has said is a major main and is regular to both his(Bhaskar's) transformational model of social action and Gidden's hypothesis of structuration. Be that as it may, there is an imperative distinction between the two models in ethical quality of which can't be likened, which Maggie Archer specifically has called attention to. Bhaskar, with respect to his transformational show declares how we, people are shackled of doing anything new and are plagued by the previous structures, that limit us. He stated that basic Aristotelian model of society is right. Proficient causality surmises material causality; it assumes a prior material reason. Also, how we are intensely troubled by merciless nearness of the past in this social world. He at that point discusses the one which approves Rom and Charles' model, is, the introduction of a child, leaving the womb, however that as well, prior life in the womb and out of the womb too, pre-leaving thing are prepared, settled, pre-given. Bhaskar's explanation that at any snapshot of time we are vigorously compelled by prior structures is a correct hypothesis From Bhaskar's perspective, Charles record of connection among individuals and living being comes up short on the idea of development. He expressed, individuals are creature, however there is one thing that separate individuals from being a life form just, new powers. In Bhaskar's pledge 'Individuals are living being, yet they are living being with emanant powers. He included that our general public as well, have new powers of human conduct to comprehend the general public better however then everything in the end winds up with his previous thought, everything is prior human conduct. In this para, Bhaskar clarifies how people are new from the creature world and human power are the fixings in the creature world, that is the thing that make us human, that is the reason we are people. Bhaskar depicts that there is a credibility of good society, we need to endeavor and battle for making one. Bhaskar inferred that they may come to concur upon as far as substantive proposition. In any case, Rom and Charlie feels that we have just accomplished social build however they don't know how we did it. While Bhaskar imagines that there is significantly more diligent work to do. Furthermore, it is something humankind could conceivably obt>GET ANSWER