- “Parliamentarians, naturally responsive to the wishes and demands of the majority in the community, are sometimes not well placed to uphold individual or minority rights.” (Chief Justice Murray Gleeson, 1999). Discuss.
- For the ALP to survive as a significant political force in Australia, it must reject inner city progressivism and return to its core values of protecting working people and the poor. Discuss.
- Proportional electoral systems such as that used to elect the Australian Senate are fairer and far more effective than Majoritarian systems. Discuss.
- Is coalition government a blessing or a poisoned chalice for the National Party? Does the party have a future in Australian politics?
- The 2016 federal election clearly demonstrated the Australian Greens have peaked. They have little prospect of becoming a third force in Australian politics and their fate will mirror that of the Australian Democrats. Discuss.
- ‘The Liberal Party of the great centrist, Menzies, is failing in the centre…It is riven by ideological factions, personality cults and power struggles.’ (Barnes, 2017). Discuss.
- The success of independent and minor party parliamentary members at the federal level in recent years is a blight on Australian democracy, rendering effective government almost impossible. Discuss.
- Federal politics in Australia has adopted what might almost be described as a ‘coup culture’ in recent years with four sitting prime ministers sacked by their own parties. How might this leadership instability be explained?
They did not believe in spirits, nor did they believe in an afterlife, because it is not something we are able to perceive with our senses. “Human life begins in this world, and ends in this world, so people should try to get as much of the bodily pleasures of this life as they can.” –Charvakaian Belief Western- Western materialism can be traced all the way back to 460 B.C.E. Much like the Charvakian philosophers, the early Western philosophers believed that reality could be explained in terms of matter. According to Democritus, everything in the universe, even the soul, is made up of atoms. Almost a millennium after Democritus came another great Western philosopher, Thomas Hobbes. Hobbes felt quite similar to Democritus, as he believed that measurable matter is all there is in the universe, that only matter is real. “The universe, that is the whole mass of things that are, is corporeal, that is to say body; and has the dimensions of magnitude, namely, length, breadth, and depth. Also every part of body is likewise body, and has the like dimensions. And, consequently, every part of the Universe is body, and that which is not body is no part of the Universe. And because the Universe is all, that which is no part of it is nothing, and consequently, nowhere.” – exert from Hobbes’ Leviathan Objections to Materialism- The main objection to materialism is the fact that it is very neglectful in accounting for human consciousness. Many people feel that activities such as loving, wishing, dreaming, hoping and hating all come from nonmaterial spiritual entity. The Idealist View (“idealism: in metaphysics, the position that reality is ultimately nonmatter, in epistemology, the position that all we know are our ideas – definition from Exert from: Philosophy, a Text with Readings) Western Idealism- Western idealism dates back to the ancient Greek, Pythagoras (about 600 B.C.E). Pythagoras held the belief that “individual entities are merely shadows of reality.”( Exert from: Philosophy, a Text with Readings) This thinking can also be found with the Christian thought, developed by Saint Augustine. In The City of God, Augustine warns the reader to beware of the world, and flesh, as they are temporary. What was claimed as real is the spiritual world, or; the world without matter. Eastern Idealism->GET ANSWER