How are the body’s physiological defenses affected when under sustained stress? Why?
- In the view of stress as an environmental event, what aspects are missing when considering an individual’s response to a stressful situation?
- In their study, what event did Miller and Rahe (1997) find produced the highest level of stress reaction in their participants?
- What is the initial step in stress management?
- Define automatic thoughts.
- Why are automatic thoughts problematic for some people?
- What are the three major components of cognitive behavior therapy?
8.. John submits his design of a house to some prospective clients. They ask for a few changes to be made. John thinks, “I’m a terrible architect!” What automatic thought does this statement represent?
- Shortly Describe the neurotransmitters theorized to be involved in various symptoms of schizophrenia.
- What is schizoaffective disorder?
- How do delusions differ from hallucinations?
- What was the first atypical antipsychotic to be developed? Why is it no longer considered a first-line treatment for schizophrenia?
- What are the symptoms of a person with agoraphobia?
- What neurotransmitter has been implicated in the development of obsessive-compulsive disorder?
- What are some predisposing factors that have been associated with hair-pulling disorder?
- What is the primary nursing intervention for a person in panic anxiety?
e earliest Indian text, the Ganita Sara Sarangha (‘Compendium of the Essence of Mathematics’), which was created as revised edition of Brahmagupta’s book. It was devoted completely to mathematics where he presented a version of the hundred fowls problem: ‘Doves are sold at the rate of 5 from 3 coins, cranes at the rate of 7 to 5, swans at the rate of 9 for 7, and peacocks at the rate of 3 for 9. A certain man was told to bring at these rates 100 birds, for 100 coins for the amusement of the king’s son and was sent to do so. What amount does he give for each’? In turn, he gave a rather complex rule for the solution (Katz, 1945). Also, Mahavira was one of the first to indicate an awareness of the problem involving the square root of a negative number by writing that ‘a negative number cannot have a square root because a negative cannot be a square’ (Groza, 1968). Although a place-value system with nine numerals was always used in his work, Mahavira became interested in developing a new place-value system with his description of the number 12345654321 which he had obtained after a calculation and described the number as starting with one and then increases until six, then decreases in reverse order. This description was a clear indication that Mahavira was open to the place-value system (O’Connor & Robertson, 2000). Operations with fractions including the methods of decomposing integers and fractions into unit fractions were also discussed in his work. An example would be 2/17= 1/12+ 1/51+ 1/68. He also used a method called kuttaka in order to test integer solutions of first-degree indeterminate equations. The kuttaka (‘the pulveriser’) method was established based on Euclidean algorithm with the method of solution resembling the continued fraction process of Euler (O’Connor & Robertson, 2000). Furthermore, Mahavira completely omitted addition and subtraction from his discussion of arithmetic. Instead, he took multiplication as the first eight fundamental operations and filled the gap with summation and subtraction of series (‘South Asian Mathematics’, n.d.).>GET ANSWER