Design a program to address the issue/problem identified in your chosen project brief. (Still in same topic as the literature review)
Your program design must include:
• A brief description of your proposed project (800 words)
• What the proposed project sets out to achieve
• How the proposed project or activity will achieve the desired outcome
• The groups that will be impacted by the program or activity
You must provide a program logic model that sets out the resources and activities that comprise the program and the changes that are expected to result from it.
Word Limit: 1750 words not including reference list and appendices

What does the project brief tell you?
– What is the problem or issue?
– Why is this a problem? (What causes the problem?)
– For whom (individual, household, group, community, society in
general) does this problem exist?
– Who has a stake in the problem? (Who cares whether it is resolved?)

What areas might you research to inform your program design?
• E.g. youth participation models, best practice in respectful
relationships education, community partnership models, digital
technologies and crime prevention
• Target population – barriers/facilitators to engagement
– What policy and legislative frameworks might you need to be aware of?
– What theoretical approaches are you aware of?
– What do you know about your organisation/sector? e.g. setting the scene
– What gaps are there in the research evidence?

Literature review: A critical summary and analysis of relevant literature
– More than just description – you have to critically analyse the existing
research evidence
– Don’t just describe previous programs, evaluate their strengths & weaknesses
– The literature review should tell a story
– Identify themes/topics central to your research area
– Identify conflicting evidence
– Identify any gaps in the research literature

What did the researchers investigate?
– How was the research conducted?
– Who did they speak to?
– How many people did they speak to?
– What did they measure? e.g. program outcomes, attendance rates, behaviour change
– How did they measure it? e.g. validated scale, interviews, focus groups
– What were the findings & how do they differ from other studies?
– What were the limitations and weaknesses of the study?


Sample Solution

Sample solution

Dante Alighieri played a critical role in the literature world through his poem Divine Comedy that was written in the 14th century. The poem contains Inferno, Purgatorio, and Paradiso. The Inferno is a description of the nine circles of torment that are found on the earth. It depicts the realms of the people that have gone against the spiritual values and who, instead, have chosen bestial appetite, violence, or fraud and malice. The nine circles of hell are limbo, lust, gluttony, greed and wrath. Others are heresy, violence, fraud, and treachery. The purpose of this paper is to examine the Dante’s Inferno in the perspective of its portrayal of God’s image and the justification of hell. 

In this epic poem, God is portrayed as a super being guilty of multiple weaknesses including being egotistic, unjust, and hypocritical. Dante, in this poem, depicts God as being more human than divine by challenging God’s omnipotence. Additionally, the manner in which Dante describes Hell is in full contradiction to the morals of God as written in the Bible. When god arranges Hell to flatter Himself, He commits egotism, a sin that is common among human beings (Cheney, 2016). The weakness is depicted in Limbo and on the Gate of Hell where, for instance, God sends those who do not worship Him to Hell. This implies that failure to worship Him is a sin.

God is also depicted as lacking justice in His actions thus removing the godly image. The injustice is portrayed by the manner in which the sodomites and opportunists are treated. The opportunists are subjected to banner chasing in their lives after death followed by being stung by insects and maggots. They are known to having done neither good nor bad during their lifetimes and, therefore, justice could have demanded that they be granted a neutral punishment having lived a neutral life. The sodomites are also punished unfairly by God when Brunetto Lattini is condemned to hell despite being a good leader (Babor, T. F., McGovern, T., & Robaina, K. (2017). While he commited sodomy, God chooses to ignore all the other good deeds that Brunetto did.

Finally, God is also portrayed as being hypocritical in His actions, a sin that further diminishes His godliness and makes Him more human. A case in point is when God condemns the sin of egotism and goes ahead to commit it repeatedly. Proverbs 29:23 states that “arrogance will bring your downfall, but if you are humble, you will be respected.” When Slattery condemns Dante’s human state as being weak, doubtful, and limited, he is proving God’s hypocrisy because He is also human (Verdicchio, 2015). The actions of God in Hell as portrayed by Dante are inconsistent with the Biblical literature. Both Dante and God are prone to making mistakes, something common among human beings thus making God more human.

To wrap it up, Dante portrays God is more human since He commits the same sins that humans commit: egotism, hypocrisy, and injustice. Hell is justified as being a destination for victims of the mistakes committed by God. The Hell is presented as being a totally different place as compared to what is written about it in the Bible. As a result, reading through the text gives an image of God who is prone to the very mistakes common to humans thus ripping Him off His lofty status of divine and, instead, making Him a mere human. Whether or not Dante did it intentionally is subject to debate but one thing is clear in the poem: the misconstrued notion of God is revealed to future generations.



Babor, T. F., McGovern, T., & Robaina, K. (2017). Dante’s inferno: Seven deadly sins in scientific publishing and how to avoid them. Addiction Science: A Guide for the Perplexed, 267.

Cheney, L. D. G. (2016). Illustrations for Dante’s Inferno: A Comparative Study of Sandro Botticelli, Giovanni Stradano, and Federico Zuccaro. Cultural and Religious Studies4(8), 487.

Verdicchio, M. (2015). Irony and Desire in Dante’s” Inferno” 27. Italica, 285-297.