Please read the case study below and answer the 2 questions at the end
Case Study – Trouble at the Milldam Brewery
The Milldam Brewery (MB) is a small craft beer company in Portsmouth that produces a limited range of bottled beer and similar alcohol products. The head brewer, Olaf, is 40 years old and has been working for the company as an employee for 15 years. He is an expert in making beer but is not so good at running a business. The company also employs four local men to do manual work moving stock and ingredients and assist in the brewing process. Recently the company has been trying to expand and in June 2017 the owners hired a new manager, Preeti, to make some changes that will make the business more competitive. Preeti becomes Olaf’s new line manager.
Straight away Olaf and Preeti begin to have personality clashes and arguments. Preeti wants to introduce new cost saving measures to the brewing process. Olaf feels this is micromanagement and an interference with his ability to do his job. They have several heated discussions but ultimately Olaf reluctantly follows the instructions he is given. Three months after Preeti began working for MB she and Olaf have a loud argument in the middle of the brewery warehouse after Preeti decides that the brewery should switch its hops supplier to a cheaper alternative. Olaf believes the new hops will be inferior and harm the quality of the beer. He swore at her and said she “was an idiot who doesn’t know anything about beer”.
Preeti responds by saying he is too angry and insubordinate to work for her and sends him home for the rest of the day. As he is getting ready to leave she informs him orally that he must attend a disciplinary meeting at 9am the next morning to discuss his behaviour, in particular the fact he swore at his line manager. She tells him that he is entitled to bring a trade union representative or a work colleague to the meeting. As a final comment before
Olaf walks out the door Preeti says to him, “You better come in ready to apologise in the morning or you are going to get the sack.”
At the meeting the next morning another manager is present but Preeti leads the discussion. She sets out Olaf’s behaviour over the previous 3 months which she says was “argumentative and insubordinate”, and tells Olaf that swearing at her the day before is a serious disciplinary offence. Olaf is given a chance to respond and sticks to the line that Preeti pushed him too far and was interfering in his job. At the end of the meeting Preeti tells Olaf that he is being dismissed effective immediately for gross misconduct.
The staff handbook at MB states that:
“Disciplinary action will be taken in accordance with the practices and procedures found in the ACAS Code of Practice on Disciplinary and Grievance Procedures.”
Over the next month Preeti finds that the atmosphere towards her at work among the 4 other young men who work in the brewery is very hostile. They are angry at the treatment of Olaf and although they continue to do their work and follow instructions, it is clear to Preeti she is not welcome. One day she overhears the men making racist jokes about her ethnic
background and the colour of her skin. Preeti is British but has South East Asian heritage.
On another occasion she finds the words, “Get the bitch out!” written in chalk on the brewery wall near her car. She complains about the situation to the other senior employees and the owners of the brewery but she is told that she is their manager and she should “sort it out herself”. Preeti does not feel she is able to address the problem without making the atmosphere worse.
When the job of replacement head brewer at MB is advertised, 3 candidates apply. Dave is a candidate with a degree in business management and 7 years of experience of making beer for another small brewery. Steve also applies but he has only secondary school education and 3 years of experience in a large industrial brewery. James has a technical qualification from a college in beer making and also has 3 years of experience working for a large brewery. At interview all candidates perform well. Preeti tells the other directors that she wants to employ James because he is black and she “is fed up of working in a company with only white men.”
Answer the two following Questions – Question One is worth 60 marks and Question Two is worth 40 marjs. Please read the assessment criteria and consider the feedback you received on the January coursework carefully before you submit your work. In particular note how higher grades can be achieved.
Question 1. – Advise MB of their potential liability to Olaf in Unfair Dismissal. (around 1200 words).
Question 2. – Advise MB about the possible claims that could be made against them by Preeti and Dave and Steve under the Equality Act 2010 and the potential remedies.(around 800 words).
Ignore any other claims that could arise from the facts.
Important attention：Reference must use footnote style ，like below
Dante Alighieri played a critical role in the literature world through his poem Divine Comedy that was written in the 14th century. The poem contains Inferno, Purgatorio, and Paradiso. The Inferno is a description of the nine circles of torment that are found on the earth. It depicts the realms of the people that have gone against the spiritual values and who, instead, have chosen bestial appetite, violence, or fraud and malice. The nine circles of hell are limbo, lust, gluttony, greed and wrath. Others are heresy, violence, fraud, and treachery. The purpose of this paper is to examine the Dante’s Inferno in the perspective of its portrayal of God’s image and the justification of hell.
In this epic poem, God is portrayed as a super being guilty of multiple weaknesses including being egotistic, unjust, and hypocritical. Dante, in this poem, depicts God as being more human than divine by challenging God’s omnipotence. Additionally, the manner in which Dante describes Hell is in full contradiction to the morals of God as written in the Bible. When god arranges Hell to flatter Himself, He commits egotism, a sin that is common among human beings (Cheney, 2016). The weakness is depicted in Limbo and on the Gate of Hell where, for instance, God sends those who do not worship Him to Hell. This implies that failure to worship Him is a sin.
God is also depicted as lacking justice in His actions thus removing the godly image. The injustice is portrayed by the manner in which the sodomites and opportunists are treated. The opportunists are subjected to banner chasing in their lives after death followed by being stung by insects and maggots. They are known to having done neither good nor bad during their lifetimes and, therefore, justice could have demanded that they be granted a neutral punishment having lived a neutral life. The sodomites are also punished unfairly by God when Brunetto Lattini is condemned to hell despite being a good leader (Babor, T. F., McGovern, T., & Robaina, K. (2017). While he commited sodomy, God chooses to ignore all the other good deeds that Brunetto did.
Finally, God is also portrayed as being hypocritical in His actions, a sin that further diminishes His godliness and makes Him more human. A case in point is when God condemns the sin of egotism and goes ahead to commit it repeatedly. Proverbs 29:23 states that “arrogance will bring your downfall, but if you are humble, you will be respected.” When Slattery condemns Dante’s human state as being weak, doubtful, and limited, he is proving God’s hypocrisy because He is also human (Verdicchio, 2015). The actions of God in Hell as portrayed by Dante are inconsistent with the Biblical literature. Both Dante and God are prone to making mistakes, something common among human beings thus making God more human.
To wrap it up, Dante portrays God is more human since He commits the same sins that humans commit: egotism, hypocrisy, and injustice. Hell is justified as being a destination for victims of the mistakes committed by God. The Hell is presented as being a totally different place as compared to what is written about it in the Bible. As a result, reading through the text gives an image of God who is prone to the very mistakes common to humans thus ripping Him off His lofty status of divine and, instead, making Him a mere human. Whether or not Dante did it intentionally is subject to debate but one thing is clear in the poem: the misconstrued notion of God is revealed to future generations.
Babor, T. F., McGovern, T., & Robaina, K. (2017). Dante’s inferno: Seven deadly sins in scientific publishing and how to avoid them. Addiction Science: A Guide for the Perplexed, 267.
Cheney, L. D. G. (2016). Illustrations for Dante’s Inferno: A Comparative Study of Sandro Botticelli, Giovanni Stradano, and Federico Zuccaro. Cultural and Religious Studies, 4(8), 487.
Verdicchio, M. (2015). Irony and Desire in Dante’s” Inferno” 27. Italica, 285-297.