- It has been said that in Kantian ethics, duty comes before beauty and morality before happiness, can you think of other instances when it is appropriate to break one moral code to satisfy another, perhaps greater one?
- What are the deciding factors in each case?
- What would you do if you were Jean Valjean?
Variations in the films also arise as a result of simple "East/West" cultural differences. Perhaps fueled by the desires of a bloodthirsty "western" audience, The Departed ramps up the amount of blood and graphic violence significantly, including Costigan's brutal beating of the men from Providence and an ending that adds three more to the body count over Infernal Affairs-Costello's lieutenant, French, with a graphic suicide (Costello himself is riddled with bullets compared to the one that takes down Sam); an extra policeman at the elevator scene; and Colin Sullivan in a key shift from the original. Infernal Affairs leaves Inspector Lau free but conflicted, having had a change of heart, to suffer the consequences of his actions and Yan dead, having failed to bring Lau to justice-a cerebral, thought provoking ending. With The Departed, Sullivan is murdered, appeasing audiences' appetites for justice and re-venge-a visceral, more satisfying ending, and one more evocative of the Hollywood tradition. Similarly, the three female characters in Infernal Affairs are lumped together into a single character in The Departed, creating a love triangle and providing the potential for more intense drama. The movie theater sequences-where the gang members' information is traded off-offer another glimpse at this variation between "East" and "West". In The Departed, Costello and Sullivan meet in a pornographic theater, suggestive of American decadence and a defining trait of the US image abroad. Lau and Sam, however, meet in an ordinary theater that is showing a film made in the Chinese tradition-one redolent of Zhang Yimou's films. As Lau departs the theater with Yan in pursuit, posters for Men in Black II and K-19: The Widowmaker can be seen, suggesting the capitalist nature of Hong Kong's economy-an idea put forth in an earlier scene where Yan sells Lau a high tech speaker system, and reinforced at various points throughout the film. The Departed and Infernal Affairs offer culturally specific takes on the same story, noticeable in both these obvious differences as well as in the minor details-the watch Yan receives as a gift from S.P. Wong for example. A Chinese superstition states that giving someone a watch is a bad omen, as it represents death-this scene would thus hold more significance for a Chinese audience than an American one. Also in Infernal Affairs, the fourth floors on the elevators are all "missing," signifying another Chinese superstition that the number four is bad luck (the Chinese word for "four" sounds similar to the Chinese word for "death"). Both fil>GET ANSWER