Business; Stages of the policy cycle

  1. List and define the stages of the policy cycle including what and who is involved. Explain how environmental health research is a component of the policy cycle. How does environmental health research contribute to the implementation of sound environmental policies?
  2. Discuss at least three different agents (not diseases) of occupationally associated diseases and injuries. For each one, discuss the industries associated with them, the work settings, and the types of adverse health outcomes. What is being done in these industries to prevent them?
  3. Why do we need to be concerned about injuries? Discuss the significance of unintentional injuries for morbidity and mortality globally and in the United States. How do unintentional injuries rank in comparison with other causes of mortality? Describe the potential economic, social, and emotional costs of unintentional injuries.
  4. Discuss drinking water in the United States. Where does the water come from? Describe the four stages of water treatment. Which step is critical for deactivation of potential pathogens? What potential pathogens are deactivated by this step and which have the potential to survive (give specific organisms)? What agency regulates drinking water in the U.S.?
  5. Children are especially vulnerable to environmental pollutants. Choose an environmental pollutant to discuss. How are children exposed to it and what health effects can it cause? Why are children more susceptible? How strong is the evidence for this as a cause of disease? What can you do to advocate for children’s rights involving this pollutant (this must be realistically capable)?
  6. Describe waste management in the U.S. What are the methods for reduction of wastes? What are benefits and hazards associated with the different methods for waste management? How does waste in the U.S. affect developing countries?
  7. What are human health effects due to climate change? What chronic and communicable diseases are increasing due to climate change? What steps can be taken as a population (not individual) to reduce climate change due to anthropogenic sources? How do international treaties address global climate change?
  8. Discuss microbial sources of foodborne illness and the risk factors for foodborne illness. Describe methods used for the prevention of foodborne illnesses and what type of food microorganisms they can kill. In your discussion, include viruses vs. bacteria vs. worms vs. other agents and how they vary.

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