1- Since the early years, the role of technology (hardware and software) in organizations has evolved. Comment on this statement and show how technology has changed the organization structure, processes and products.
2- IT has caused many changes in the value chain as first proposed by Porter. Comment on this statement and show how the value chain and its activities have evolved
3- The use of computer networks has gone through many phases such as (1) the Internet & (2) The Internet of Things. Discuss the early development of the Internet and how it evolved to the Internet of Things. Consider how these changes have been reflected on products.
4- Two terms, often discussed today, are “Privacy & Security”. George Orwell, in his novel 1984, suggested that political authority “Big Brother” will use Information Technology to control the masses. The early periods of Arab spring, on the other hand, suggested the opposite while more recent development support Orwell’s “Big Brother”. Leon Panetta, former USA Secretary of Defense and former director of the CIA, stated to ABC news “Well, there’s no question that if a cyber attack, you know, crippled our power grid in this country, took down our financial systems, took down our government systems, that would constitute an act of war.”* In other words, the USA will consider any crippling attack on the Internet as a declaration of war on it.
• Define the terms Privacy & Security
• Discuss how IT is influencing both
5- The class discussed how IT will influence the future. This includes advancements in terms of hardware, software, medical advancement and other aspects. These advancements can influence the society, cultures and us as human beings. Discuss these issues and present your expectation of what may happen.
6.The success of an Information Technology Project depends on many factors beyond the appropriate design of a system. In other words, the success or failure of the implementation and utilization of a computer application in an organization is dependent on other factors such as implementation plan, user involvement in addition on how well the application is technically designed.
Discuss and Comment
The House of Lords is a major piece of the UKs bicameral administrative framework, being a fitting check and adjust to the House of Commons in authoritative issues. Notwithstanding, this has been brought into question after the Recent Welfare Reform Bill. This exposition means to analyze 'what is the point in the House of Lords?' It will first investigate its history, at that point its part in Parliament and how it has changed after some time. It will center around the welfare change charge and the restriction on chasing with dogs as its principle illustrations. The House of Lords are likewise called the Upper Chamber and are a piece of the governing body. Lawmaking body is the piece of government that talk about and pass laws (Jones, 2010). It is comprised of the Commons, Lords and the Queen, just the Commons are chosen. The official is the gathering in control and is in charge of executing the laws and approaches made by assembly (Jones, 2010). The Houses of Parliament are isolated up into two sections, the House of Lords and the House of Commons. The House of Lords is one of the two assemblies of HM Parliament. The House of Lords is the second assembly of Parliament and is likewise called the Upper House (Jones, 2010). The House of Lords is separate to however works nearby the chose House of Commons. The House of Lords are comprised of acquired Lords and Life peers. Current Lords are named by the PM. The designated peers have a tendency to have an authority territory of learning, for instance wellbeing or instruction. The House of Commons is comprised of chosen individuals (Budge, 2004). The House of Lords has 736 individuals, 86 more than the House of Commons. There are just 92 innate Lords left after they were tossed out by the Labor Government in 1999 as it was regarded undemocratic (Knight 2010). The initial segment of the House of Lords is the staying innate individuals, the second part are selected by the Prime Minister and they are given their titles, for instance 'Woman Margaret Thatcher' so as she was given the title by the Prime Minister who assumed control from her she grabbed a chair in the House of Lords. The third part is comprised of the court framework and the congregation and individuals in places of ability (Monroe, 2002). Before sitting down in The House of Lords the companion needs to make a solemn vow of steadfastness to the ruler (Jones, 2010). The House of Lords is a blend of convention and present day governing body (Monroe, 2002) Laws are just made if the Commons, Lords and the Monarch can concur. An unwritten constitution (a tradition), expresses that the Monarch has dependably got the chance to consent to new laws made by Parliament. The Lords can likewise just propose revisions excessively enactment yet does not really have the ability to roll out the improvements, which means the Commons hold the power (Budge, 2004). The administrative procedure begins with the draft papers, white and green papers. They are distributed to permit interview from invested individuals, for example, proficient bodies and willful associations previously the bill is brought into the House of Commons (Jones, 2010). They have their first perusing in which it is simply perused out and afterward a moment perusing where there is a level headed discussion and a vote to proceed onward to the board arrange which is pre-authoritative examination where the draft charge is considered by a departmental select advisory group this permits the MPs and individuals from Lords to have an early effect on the Bill (Jones, 2010). In the advisory group arrange they vote in favor of alterations and send it to the report organize. In the report arrange they examine the corrections; they at that point go to the Third perusing which in the House of Lords. The key motivation behind The House of Lords is voting on whether to acknowledge or dismiss enactment drawn up by The House of Commons (Jones, 2010). Recommending alterations to enactment drawn up by The House of Commons and debating enactment drawn up by the House of Commons, they can likewise acquaint new laws with be wrangled about. In spite of the fact that the imperative laws begin the authoritative procedure with the Commons, the House of Lords do draw up some enactment, for instance guaranteeing kids with unique needs and handicaps approach standard instruction or ensuring the privilege to lawful guide in welfare cases and demanding uniformity of the NHS treatment for physical and psychological maladjustment (www.parliament.uk). Individuals invest almost a large portion of their energy in the House considering draft laws. All bills must be considered by the two Houses of Parliament under the steady gaze of they can progress toward becoming law (Jones, 2010). The House of Commons send enactment to the House of Lords, as the white paper, however the 1911 Act has taken away the capacity for The House of Lords to stop enactment sent around The House of Commons. This began when the Chancellor of the Exchequer, Lloyd George, recommended in 1909 the presentation of the principal maturity benefits and a lion's share of the Lords voted against (Knight, 2010). The principle motivations behind the Act was 1) The House of Lords can just defer a cash charge for one month, and 2) Limiting the time the Lords can postpone a bill, which means on the off chance that it was dismissed three times the Bill could get Royal Assent without endorsement from The House of Lords (Gillespie, 2013.) This has just been utilized four times in the last a quarter century. One of these was to pass The Parliament Act of 1949 which was an alteration of the 1911 Act making it so the Lords could just reject the bill two times instead of three preceding it could be passed with Royal Assent (Gillespie, 2013). These Acts removed a considerable measure of energy from the Lords. The present PM is professedly getting ready to utilize the Parliament Act without precedent for a long time to push through the EU Referendum Bill into Law before the following decision (Holehouse, 2014). "The Act is now and then depicted as the atomic alternative of parliamentary to break stalemates between the Commons and the Lords" (Holehouse, 2014). A MP was cited saying "It demonstrates that they ridiculously need it to happen. It likewise demonstrates the Lords that they can't upset it". Despite the fact that the Lords have been stripped of a considerable measure of their energy, there are points of interest to the Lords. There can be significantly more individual articulation in the House of Lords (Knight, 2010). Huge numbers of its individuals have a considerable measure of involvement in various everyday issues; with this experience gaining a critical commitment to the ground of enactment and serves to alert the legislature of the day (Jones, 2010). The House of Lords are likewise in charge of considering government answerable. Individuals in the Upper Chamber examine crafted by the legislature amid question time and level headed discussions in the chamber. "In the 2012-13 session, individuals considered the legislature answerable with 7,324 oral and composed inquiries and 193 verbal confrontations on issues going from tyke destitution to migration" (www.parliament.uk). The Lords can likewise direct the Commons utilizing their aptitude and ensuring nothing excessively radical is put through (www.parliament.uk). Companions have less to lose, being free scholars. On the off chance that a MP was to conflict with their gathering pioneer then they could be disregarded when searching for an occupation albeit some do at present host get-together alliance and will vote on side of their gathering (Knight, 2010). A few people in any case, would contend that having the House of Lords is sound for our framework as it implies it isn't driven by political machines with party plans (Knight, 2010). 'Ping ponging' is the toing and froing of changes to Bills between the House of Commons and the House of Lords. A decent case of this is The Hunting with Hounds Act which experienced seven years of 'ping ponging' between the two houses. Three private individuals Bills were presented by Labor MPs in the vicinity of 1992 and 1995 to boycott chasing with no achievement (Garnett, 2007). In any case, in a 1997 pronouncement Labor offered a free vote regarding the matter. In 1998 the Bill got its second perusing in the Commons and was 'talked out' by the third perusing (Garnett, 2007). In 2000 another bill was proposed with a trade off of chasing with a permit, this was dismissed by the center and tossed out by the Lords. The Bill had been acquainted past the point of no return with meet the terms of the Parliament Act of 1949. After Blair was re-chosen in 2001 the 'ping pong' impact still proceeded, with the Commons passing another Bill and the Lords dismissing it, until 2004 when the states of the Parliament Act 1949 had been met and the Bill was given Royal Assent (Garnett, 2007). The House of Lords Reform draft charge was presented in 2011. The Reform needs to layout the forces and duty of the connections between the two houses. This would characterize the purpose of 'budgetary benefit'. This could be difficult to achieve a concession to when it could be rejected and what sort of changes the House of Lords could make before they were 'destroying alterations' and what conditions the Lords would have the capacity to dismiss auxiliary enactment (draft place of masters change charge: report session 2010-12, Vol. 1: Report). Initially 'Monetary Privilege' was viewed as something managing Bills managing supply and tax collection. However in the current change charge it was utilized to dismiss a great deal of the alterations by the Lords and to keep the bill 'ping ponging'. The budgetary ramifications were viewed as sufficiently large by the Speaker to allow monetary benefit (Crampton, 2012). Money related benefit is being utilized significantly additionally diminishing the impact of the Lords investigation. Notwithstanding the reality the House of Lords don't seem to hold much in the method for control, the House are authorities in various fields offering ability counsel. Likewise, peers don't host a gathering plan and in this manner posture employability hazard in conflicting with their gathering. This is valuable as these restrictions can keep any radical changes in law. Be that as it may, with no energy to have their alterations noted there is extremely no point in the House of Lords on the off chance that they can be over ruled totally.>GET ANSWER