A Case of a Young Chinese woman
A Chinese woman in her mid-twenties had just given birth. The staff became concerned
when she would not eat the hospital food and did not bathe. She would only eat foods that
her family brought to her. The patient later explained her custom prevented her from bathing
for seven days after childbirth and permitted her to eat only certain foods.
This patient was practicing the traditional lying-in period observed in much of Asia and Latin
America. It is believed that for a period of time after childbirth, a woman’s body is weak and
susceptible to outside forces that may cause illness. In addition, pregnancy is thought to be a
hot condition. Giving birth causes a loss of yang, or heat, which must be restored. This is
accomplished by eating yang foods such as chicken and avoiding cold liquids. The woman is
to rest, stay very warm, and avoid bathing and exercise. Compromises can be made in the
care of this patient. The use of boiled water, which removes impurities, may make a sponge
bath more acceptable. Do not assume that the patient will follow orders that would violate
the traditions and wisdom of her own culture.
Analyze this case and point out the various facts, which belong to the client from diverse background.
How these culturally relevant diverse practices are culturally different from the mainstream culture.
The importance and advantages of these culturally diverse practices to the client’s medical situation and how these culturally diverse practice are misunderstood or discriminated in medical practice.
Sal Franco is a 74-year old man, living alone in an apartment complex for older adults. You are the Senior Services social worker associated with the housing units. Sal and his wife, Maria, owned and operated a small, local grocery for 44 years (they emigrated from Italy when they were newlyweds at age 19). They sold the business to their son Dominic when Sal turned 70. The plan was to enjoy travel and retired life together. However, shortly after retiring, Maria was diagnosed with an aggressive leukemia, and she died within 4 months. Mr. Franco has been living alone for over 3 years. Because Sal and Maria spent most of their time working and involved with family activities, there are few close friends in his life. Dominic’s family has Sal to dinner every Sunday, but has little time during the week because of competing demands. Sal’s other children include a daughter living in another state who calls daily (but seldom visits because of the cost), a daughter oversees in military service, and a son with Down’s syndrome who lives in a group home about an hour away.
Sal indicates that he was a “hard drinker” during his 20s and 30s, when he developed stomach problems and high blood pressure. At that point, he limited his use of alcohol to his Friday night poker club and to Sunday dinner with the family. Since Maria’s death, Sal has regularly consumed 3 to 4 drinks a day. He says it alleviates some of the pain, stress, and loneliness. It also helps him sleep, along with the over-the-counter medications that he takes for arthritis pain and as sleep aides. He came to the clinic because his hypertension and gastritis have become extremely labile and intractable. When you ask Mr. Franco how he is doing, he says, “Oh, I guess I’m okay for an old widower. I don’t think it really matters how I feel or what I do anymore at my age.
apply Fowler’s theory and Levinson’s theory for the case mentioned below. Mention the theory briefly.
Formulate the time line for the case. Tracking the overall growth patterns and transitions using various life-events.How these life-events can help achieve spiritual development and mention interventions.
Whatever degree does Shostakovich draw on melodic convention in his orchestral arrangements? Your answer must be upheld by a discourse of a few fitting bits of ambiance music by Shostakovich that you have considered in the module materials. Melodic custom has been a piece of our social legacy for whatever length of time that we can recollect. Still it isn't that easy to characterize. One can state that customary music are tunes and tunes which have been passed down orally for ages, and are frequently society tunes, nation move and comparable, yet it can likewise be bits of composed music from early writers and so forth. We will take a gander at three pieces of orchestral arrangements composed by the Russian writer Dmitri Shostakovich (1906-75). String Quartet No.2: first development String Quartet No. 7: second development Piano Trio No. 2: last development The discourse is whether these are even more a conventional Classical melodic structure, or an outflow of a melodic craftsman, that utilizations distinctive components to contradict from winning political philosophies when the Communist Soviet Union confined a craftsman's right to speak freely. Initially, orchestral arrangements was composed with the goal for little gatherings to play for private capacities, and as the quantity of instrument were so few, there was no need of a director. That is one reason that orchestral compositions by its temperament is so close. They need to figure out how to speak with each other with eye to eye connection and signs between themselves. String Quartet is a sort of load music which began around 1760-1820, the Classical time of western music. The customary troupe is comprised of two violins, a viola and a cello, sitting in a somewhat bended line to have the capacity to see each other. There are four developments in a Classical string group of four. 'One of the critical contrasts of this Shostakovich string group of four is, that in the main development, it is really composed in a regularly established sonata frame.' (Samson Diamond, talking in 'Shostakovich', scene 5). The primary development of String Quartet No. 2 is isolated into three sections: Piece Advancement Reiteration. In the piece, where the topic is, are two melodic thoughts displayed, generally played by the primary violinist. Overwhelmingly and vivacious, he is joined by the other three. At that point, the second violinist is getting more deliberate and extraordinary with her bow strokes, following by the viola. The cello is playing differentiating and strong in a lower pitch. The second tune coming up, is inadequate with regards to the powerful solid moves from the past segment, yet communicates more extraordinary winding. Now, Shostakovich chooses not to take after the customary structure, of proceeding with straight to the advancement. Rather he disagrees from this by demonstrating an insight to rehash the article as opposed to proceeding onward to the advancement, in spite of the fact that he doesn't. In the improvement, the songs changes, and the main violinist turns out to be again more predominant, and the music turns out to be more exceptional and throbbing with an alternate tone shading to the work. At that point, after the improvement, the sonata's summarization rehashes the topic, more extraordinary and switched. Shostakovich composed fifteen string groups of four, which are exceptionally expressive and extremely individual. 'numerous authors utilized orchestral arrangements to give us the most genuine representations of themselves, their most close musings and sentiments.' (Reading 6.1 in Richards, 2008, p. 223). Which clarifies why the groups of four he chose to commit, were to family and dear companions just, not at all like his ensembles that were tributes to national occasions. The String Quartet no. 7, is in F sharp minor, a melodic key, which is generally connected with agony and enduring. This group of four was composed in memory to his significant other Nina, whose sudden demise influenced Shostakovich significantly, which unmistakably reflected the decision of key for this piece. The second development of a group of four (Lento), is generally the most expressive and individual of the four developments, where the music is transmitting the significance, and that is unquestionably the case here. In an established string group of four, there are normally four developments, however for reasons unknown, Shostakovich splits from the customary structure, and uses just three connected developments: Allegretto Lento Allegro The Heath Quartet, which are playing the second development on the DVD ('Shostakovich', 2008, scene 7) opens first with the second violin playing an enticing and controlled tune, which proceeds all through the development. At that point the main violinist enters, playing a pitch higher, and the impact is relatively mesmerizing with the twisting tune from the second violin. Both of violins are quieted with a question that confines the vibrations and changes the sound. Shostakovich utilizes the quiet frequently in his work to pick up the coveted power of the development. 'I think it adds to the smothered articulation, the sort of feeling that is under the surface, that never truly shows itself in the moderate development.' (Oliver Heath, talking in 'Shostakovich', 2008, scene 7) Piano Trio No.2 is another chamber work where Shostakovich communicates his sorrow and gloom. It is an alternate sort of chamber work to Quartet No. 7, for the reason that here there are three solo instruments: violin, cello and piano, and it is comprised of four developments. At first, in the seventeenth century, the piano trio was in a three development frame, however with the mid nineteenth century, a few writers like Beethoven for instance, wanted to cast in the four development shape. 'Shostakovich was the one writer that certainly glanced back at different arrangers. He is all the time cutting edge on specific things. Yet, he examined the arrangements of extraordinary experts like Beethoven.' (Michael Gurevich, talking in 'Shostakovich', 2008, Scene 1). It was both national and individual disaster that drove him to compose this bit of music. It was done in the spring of 1944, after WWII. Russia was in a condition of depletion and the realities of the stunning concentration camps and the destiny of the Jews had begun to disentangle. Shostakovich had likewise lost his dearest companion and tutor, Ivan Sollertinsky, when he was forming the Piano Trio. Not long after, when Shostakovich had completed the trio, he chose to commit it in memory of his companion, following in a custom of Russian elegiac piano trios, like Tchaikovsky, who had committed his trio to Nicholas Rubinstein. The last development of Piano Trio No.2 ('Shostakovich', 2008, Track 19), unites a significant number of the different components being utilized as of not long ago; the spooky opening, the free for all crash of harmonies in an enraged pace. Happiness and franticness following the anguish in the last development. The entire bit of the fourth development is under shadow of death and dissatisfaction, and it evoked dubious responses from the studies. 'This development is nothing not as much as a grisly move of death; its tranquil completion is the stillness of the mass grave.' (Huth, 2005, in Richards, 2008, in Richards, p. 220). The Soviet Communist belief system was optimism, and in this way it anticipated that Shostakovich finales would complete on a high soul. Be that as it may, Shostakovich choses to express contradiction by demonstrating the most genuine representation of reality through his music. The Jewishness in Shostakovich's music was another factor that incited contradict under the Stalin administration, on the grounds that; 'unmistakable Jewish culture was hostile to Soviet, and along these lines bothersome.' (Richards, 2008, p.195). In any case, Shostakovich continued influencing utilization of Jewish components in his music, to like Jewish society verse and songs. One study composes, in the wake of hearing Piano Trio No. 2; 'This is Klezmer, the wild music of Jewish celebration,â€¦' (Philip, 2005, in Richards, p. 221). Shostakovich says in Testimony: 'Jews were tormented for so long that they have figured out how to conceal their depression. They express depression in move music.' and he includes; ' Jews turned into an image for meâ€¦ I attempted to pass on that inclination in my music'. (Perusing 6.2 in Richards, 2008, p.224). A significant number of his works were illegal due to the counter Semitism, and his utilization of melodic material that incited disagree. In spite of his endeavors to shroud the genuine importance, some of his music couldn't be performed until long after Stalin's passing in 1953. A lot of Shostakovich's music takes after the customary Classical melodic structures, and as any melodic convention that is as yet alive, it is bound to wind up convention. (1317 words) List of sources Richards, F. (2008) ' Dmitri Shostakovich', AA 100 Book 2, Chapter 6. 'Shostakovich' (2008) AA 100 Audio CD. 'Shostakovich' (2008) AA 100 DVD Video. The Open University (2014) 'Investigating Music', https://learn2.open.ac.uk/mod/oucontent/view.php?id=855780§ion=5.4 (Accessed 29 January 2017).>GET ANSWER