M. K. is a 45-year-old female measuring 5’5″ and weighing 225 lbs. M. K. has a history of smoking about 22 years along with a poor diet. She has a history of type II diabetes mellitus along with primary hypertension. M. K. has recently been diagnosed with chronic bronchitis. Her current symptoms include chronic cough, more severe in the mornings with sputum, light-headedness, distended neck veins, excessive peripheral edema, and increased urination at night. Her current medications include Lotensin and Lasix for the hypertension along with Glucophage for the type II diabetes mellitus. The following are lab findings that are pertinent to this case:
BP 158/98 mm Hg
Glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) 7.3 %
Arterial Blood Gas Assessment
PaCO₂ 52 mm Hg
PaO₂ 48 mm Hg
Cholesterol 242 mg/dL
HDL 32 mg/dL
LDL 173 mg/dL
Triglycerides 184 mg/dL
compose a 3 page case analysis,Organize your analysis with headings that thoroughly answer the following prompts. Support your opinions with evidence from your readings and research.
1. In your introduction, Give a brief introduction of COPD, Heart Failure, Hypertension and Diabetes
2. What clinical findings correlate with M. K.’s chronic bronchitis? What type of treatment and recommendations would be appropriate for M. K.’s chronic bronchitis?
3. Which type of heart failure would you suspect with M. K.? Explain the pathogenesis of how this type of heart failure develops. Include an overview of the disease and it’s effects in the U.S. population.
4. According to the BP. value, what stage of hypertension is M. K. experiencing? Explain the rationale for the current medications for her hypertension.
5. According to the lipid panel, what other condition is M. K. at risk for? According to this case study, what other medications should be given and why? What additional findings correlate for both hypertension and type II diabetes mellitus?
6. Interpret the lab value for HbA1c and explain the rationale for this value in relation to normal/abnormal body function.
7. Provide a conclusion that summarizes your findings and discusses the effects of this disease in the U.S. population.
How and for what reason did the Muslims vanquish such a large number of terrains in the moderately brief time frame from 632 - 750? After Muhammad had passed on, his successors (the caliphs) had vanquished the majority of the Persian and Roman world. In 640 the Muslims had assaulted the Byzantine region in the west and had proceeded onward in the east where they had crushed the Persians at their capital Ctesiphonin 637. By 661 all of Persia had been on Muslim hands. Amid the seventh to 8thcentury Islamic ruled stretched out to Spain and India. The Islamic had vanquished these capitals in a brief timeframe in light of the fact that they had assaulted the frail realms first. The Byzantine and Sassanid states had been burnt out on battling each other. The urban areas of the center east had been reclaimed and forward from Persians and back to the Byzantines had been terminated and their survivors had been loaded with overwhelming assessments. The Muslims had been invited into the two domains by disappointed groups.Byzantine empirewere happy to have new overlords. These were the explanations behind the Islamic accomplishment in a brief timeframe. Another purpose behind their prosperity was there fighting and how they honed their abilities. Theyhad rehearsed their abilities as warriors not battling against each other yet rather against unbelievers. They were a completely equipped and on horseback military. How the Islam's extended so rapidly The technique of assaulting and overwhelming frail realms attempted to their advantage since it gave them the choice of setting a built up military nearness in new regions enabling them to have a firm hold on the new domains and in the long run enabling them to attack and seek after encompassing locales. Additionally by migrating Arab clans onto their new domain and executing an incredible tax assessment framework it gave the realm a predictable and vital pay to pay and keep upbeat the fighters. Since these clans confronted abuse preceding the Islam's assuming control they invited them with open arms in return for assurance and security. I likewise accept by permitting religious resistance instead of oppression it gave them a sense if solidarity which thusly would enable all religions to live calmly in amicability Why the Muslims vanquished such huge numbers of grounds in the brief timeframe Muhammad needed to spread his new religion to others. As a result of Muhammad's request of forsaking polytheistic cliques, it brought him strife with other individuals. In this manner, he needed to discover a place where individuals would tail him. He discovered his supporters in Medina. The general population there were prepared to tune in to his religious message and to view him as their pioneer in the network. Despite the fact that Muslims were fruitful at Medina, they felt debilitated by the Quraysh. Muhammad and his adherents murdered forty-nine of the Meccan foe at the clash of Badr. As a result of his incredible triumph, Muhammad could increase new devotees. After Muhammad's demise, the caliphs proceeded and took after Muhammad's strides. They vanquished more domains. The Byzantine and the Sassanid realms added to the snappy extension of the Muslims. In view of being as of now debilitated realms because of battling each other, the Muslims effectively vanquished the two domains and broadened the Islamic govern into more regions. Likewise, similar to you said, the Muslims were at that point specialists to fighting. They had no issue crushing the armed forces that the two realms had. They vanquished such a significant number of terrains as a result of their flawless armed force assaulting the powerless realms and their communicated welcome by the persecuted individuals. In spite of the fact that Muhammad was dead by 632, you said his successors, or the caliphs assaulting and slaughtering the powerless realms of Byzantine and Sassanid, that was an incredible point. They set up the plans to overcome the other powerless realms. Kaycee's blog was likewise extraordinary on the grounds that she condensed the occasions pave the way to the catch of the Byzantine and Sassanid empires.Hansen, Your remarks about the Muslim domain was, magnificent and your blog Kaycee was an incredible synopsis of the occasions of 632-750. They had assaulted the frail domains first. The Byzantine and the Sassanid had been worn out on battling each other that it cleared out their money to be ousted and those individuals who had been deserted needed to trouble overwhelming duties. At the point when the Muslims had assumed control they were happy to have new overlords. Another reason they had succeed was a direct result of their solid armed force. They hone their aptitudes as warriors to not battle each other but rather other individuals. After the demise of Muhammad, the Caliphs or Muhammad's successors vanquished the western universe of Rome and Persia. The Muslims assaulted the Byzantine domain in Syria effortlessly and moved into Egypt in the 640's. In 637, they attacked the Sassanid Empire toward the east and vanquished the Persians at their capital in Ctesiphon. By 661, they vanquished all of Persia. The Islamic lead later reached out from Spain to India in the seventh and eighth century. The Byzantine and Sassanid states were depleted from battling each other. The urban areas of the Middle East had been taken by the Persian Empire and retaken by the Byzantine Empire. They were drained and the couple of survivors were troubled with substantial duties. The general population respected the Muslims, in the expectations that their economy and life would be made strides. For instance, numerous Monophysite Christians were oppressed in their nations and they needed to be free from segregation. They were happy to have new Islamic overlords. There were likewise different purposes behind the Islamic achievement. The Islamic powers were currently battling together in bunches called jihads. The jihads were against non-devotees, particularly non-Islamic people groups. They rode on horseback and camels and were a unified front. The pioneers or the Caliphs additionally had an essential impact in the moderately short takeover of different nations. The initial two Caliphs controlled in struggle. The third Caliph, Uthman (r.644-656), an individual from the Umayyad family and one of Muhammad's children in-law, stimulated dissatisfaction among other faction individual from the inward circle and officers. They were discontent in light of his conveyance of high workplaces and incomes. Under the Umayyad caliphate, the Muslim world turned into a state with its capital at Damascus. Acquiring from the direction or laws of the civic establishments that they had recently vanquished, the Muslims issued coins and employed previous Byzantine and Persian authorities. They made a working government, a centralization of a capital and made a typical dialect. As the Islamic individuals wound up composed overcoming lands was less demanding and speedier. Works refered to Hunt Lynn, Thomas R. Martin, R. Po-chia Hsia, Bonnie G. Smith, and Barbara H. Rosenwein. The Making of the West: Peoples and Cultures. Second.Vol. I: to 1740. Boston: Bedford/St. Martin's, 2007. Print. The Muslims vanquished such a great amount of land in a brief timeframe in light of the fact that at first they assaulted officially helpless empires.For illustration the Byzantine and Sassanid states had been ravaged from numerous long stretches of war and over taking that domain was basically simple. Likewise the acknowledgment of Muslims by disappointed gatherings in Byzantine and Sassanid gave them a strong building establishment in the new territories.These bunches were Monophysite Christians were abused so they invited in the new lords.The effectively ground-breaking Muslim warriors who had been battling commonly were presently joined together and were battling wars and murdering non adherents together.They would attack and assume control an area and while doing as such they would manufacture urban areas where they would move caught Arab clans to live, work and pay charges to them.By doing as such they had built up an order present for their military on battle out of in every region making it less demanding to move and venture into different parts of Syria and Egypt.By the start of the eighth century Islamic run had control over regions coming to from Spain to India. I likewise trust that on the grounds that the Islamic warriors kept up peace and gave opportunity of religion to the urban areas they had control over gave them a simpler method to set up a following.They permitted religious resilience for an extraordinary duty and shielded the urban communities from common wars and invaders.It gave natives a genuine feelings of serenity.>GET ANSWER