Problem scenario, students are required to identify the relevant issues, state the applicable principles of law, supported by authority, and apply the law to the given facts to arrive at a conclusion.
Michael is driving home one afternoon when the sun is low enough to obscure his vision at some angles. As he reaches one of those spots, he realises he does not have his sunglasses on. He reaches to get them from the backseat, without stopping. When he looks back at the road, he can’t see much at all. He decides not to stop as he knows that stretch of road and will be able to see in a few seconds, but he slows down. Sam and Mary are plaing in the road on their
skateboards to relax after their university exams, in front of their father’s house. Their father Alex, is having a tea party in the garden. When Sam and Mary see Michael’s car approaching they just have time to avoid being run over but Sam leaves her skateboard in the road and Mary drops her cell phone. Michael does not see any of this and drives over the skateboard and the cell-phone breaking them both. Alex sees all this and is so frightened he drops a tray with most of a very expensive tea set on it. All the items on the tray are smashed.
Required: Advise Sam and Mary and Alex as to whether they, or any of them, would have a successful claim in Negligence against Michael. Identify the relevant legal principles and apply them to this situation.
an asterisk means snow and an upside down triangle means storm, so together a snowstorm (Nigel Holmes, 2017). If interpreted in parts it means two different things. Does this hinder a universal visual language, or create a flexibility to understand the same symbol in alternative ways? During the 60s and 70s Charles K. Bliss developed a communication system called Blissymbolics. It is a language formed through pictograms and ideograms, a mixture of both literal and abstract characters (Blissymbolics, 2017). Many of the symbols are interchangeable and can mean many different things. An arrow pointing away from a door means exit, but when pointed inwards means entrance (fig.12). Pictorial symbols can be used in associative ways according to the writer, but how transferable is a pictogram or ideogram to the reader? A wavy line (fig.13) could mean smoke when positioned vertically above an image of a house, or water if placed horizontally. (Holmes.N, 2016). As with Isotype in Nigeria, society, culture and infrastructure looked different, so a representational pictogram would need to be changed, but when all cultures have water, would a wavy line allow people to associate or interpret this to be water? In Ancient cultures, pictorial symbols representing simple, everyday things but varied greatly between nations (Citation) (fig.14). Even today we associate things differently to other societies. If we found commonality between how we understand shapes and signs, it would be integral to designing a universal language. fig.10 Blissymbolic Symbols (Bliss.C, 1949). fig.11 Wavy Line uses (Holmes.N, 2017). fig.12 Author, date, titel, pg54. Pictorial signs from four ancient cultures compared. The biohazard symbol (fig.11) that we use today was developed in 1966. Although designed to be memorable, Charles Baldwin, who helped develop the symbol, said that “We wanted something that was memorable but meaningless, so we could educate people as to what it means.” (Baldwin. C, 1967). The biohazard symbol needs to be understood thousands of years from now to protect future humans from danger. If Baldwin knew when work>GET ANSWER