There are many different types of lines, all characterized by their length is greater than their width. Lines can be static or dynamic depending on how the artist chooses to use them. They help determine the motion, direction, and energy in a work of art. We see the line all around us in our daily lives; telephone wires, tree branches, jet contrails, and winding roads are just a few examples. Look at the photograph below to see how the line is part of natural and constructed environments.
Describe the characteristics of lines found in four items in the room/place of work/home/ in which you are sitting and describe their characteristics. Examples, Thick, Thin, Long, Short, Dark, Light, Broken, or Continuous.
ent charter shall authorise the United Nations to interfere in matters which are essentially within the domestic jurisdiction of any state’ (Clements, 2008: 3). The larger powers, the permanent 5 and those aspiring to join them, have traditionally interpreted this mandate to mean that the UN should not obstruct the assertion of power and natural interests, expect in extreme circumstances (Clements, 2008). It has been argued that, since its foundation, the UN Security Council has maintained and promoted the interests of the most powerful nations over those of the rest through the veto process (Schaaf, 2013). As a result, the UN has been criticised on the basis that it prioritises representing the interests of certain nations over those of others. Thus, granting stronger nations the power of veto means that the interests of these countries can never be overridden (Schaaf, 2013). It is clear that such a position offers strong, powerful nations certain long-term advantages. It has been said that: For a hegemon, multilateral organisations offer a medium through which it can more easily fulfil its objectives, provided others can be persuaded to go along (Glen, 2009: 311). This idea reflects the view that, according to hegemony theory, the construction of an international order can help the dominant power preserve its authority (Schaaf, 2013). It is clear that the largest nation-states in the international system see the UN as a means through which to advance their national agendas (Clements, 2008). Thus, although the permanent 5 transfer issues to the UN when its acts in their favour; they will circumvent the organisation if it refuses to do so (Clements, 2008). A prime example is the actions of the United States under the Bush administration (2000-2008). During this period, the United States used the UN to dry and advance United States exceptionalism and unilateralism (Clements, 2008). This occurred during United States-led conflicts in Afghanistan and Iraq. Schaaf (2013) explains that such implicit bias towards the interests of certain countries can influence the effectiveness of military and development organisations. For example, the UN and several non-government organisations (NGOs) were involved in the conflict in Iraq from 2003 to 2010 and were identified with the occupying power, not as neutral humanitarian actors (Stoddard and Harmer, 2006). Thus, it could be suggested that Operation Iraqi Freedom saw pre-emptive, unilateral action on the behalf of the UN and some of its most powerful key members (the UK and the United States), that threatened the entire legitimacy of the UN and its Security Council (Glen, 2009). Hence, it appears that the UN is an example of an international order that exists to preserve the power and authority of the five key powers, rather than to represent the interests of more fragile nations and peoples. The Permanent 5 and other large states view the UN as a container for the expression of national interests (Clements, 2008). As such, this could be interpreted as a demonstration of the political theory of realism in action. Realist theory is underlined by three core ideas. These are survival, statism and self-help (Baylis >GET ANSWER