Write a mini review on Clostridium difficile disease and diagnosis. Write scientifically as though your audience will be relatively inexperienced Pathology staff with some but limited knowledge of C. difficile, and this will be an “update” and “refresher” for them.
Use the following headings within the assignment and comply with the word counts.
1) The organism and virulence factors (150)
2) The spectrum of disease and risk factors (150)
3) Laboratory tests and performance characteristics (500 words plus a table)
Introduction With the increase enhancement in the field of technology, it has been considered essential by the businesses to implement such technology in their business processes. Further, the increasing demand from the customers regarding the better quality of products and services delivered to their doorstep has also necessitated for the businesses to implement the e-business strategy in their business processes. E-business which is commonly known as electronic business implies the application of information communication and technology in the business processes, for the purpose of supporting various business activities undertaken by the organization. E-business does not simply mean buying and selling via inteet, rather it is a much broader concept and requires the integration of business activities with the inteet and related technologies so that the business activities can be performed in a superior manner. In simple words, it implies development of new ways of doing business by innovatively exploiting the various aspects of the information communication and technology. With the changing business environment, business organizations are compelled to develop new strategies and business models to remain competitive. The integration of business activities with the latest development in the field of technology enables the organization to serve its customer in a totally different manner in comparison to the traditional method of business. It helps the businesses in the achievement of competitive advantage over others by providing them the opportunity to meet the customer needs in a more effective manner. Along with the advantage that is experienced by the businesses from the rapid development in the field of technology, there are certain issues that have also emerged from the e-business policies such as security related issues, privacy, regulatory, legal and ethical issues as well. As such the integration of the business activities with the information technology should be done with great care in order to achieve maximum advantage out of it (Li 2007). This report is basically conceed with the development of an inteet marketing plan for River Island, a fashion conscious chain of retail stores. The current website of the company is basic and does not support the e-commerce transactions. As such, the report is basically conceed with the development of an inteet marketing plan, which will cover various topics such as the impact of e-business strategy on the business, strategies for implementing the inteet marketing plan, measures for the protection of business for minimizing the security related risk and also the future developments in the field of e-business. Finally the report concludes with a conclusion and the recommendations on various aspects of e-business strategy. Impact of E-Business strategy on Business In this competitive era, the successful implementation of e-business strategy can lead an organization to achieve competitive advantage over others. E-business is one of the most important ways for the businesses to leverage the new market opportunities. E-business leads to the transformation of entire business processes, as it not only considers the reengineering of the existing business processes, rather it also helps in designing and developing new ways of performing various business processes. The traditional way of doing business ranging from the sourcing of raw materials and developing new products to acquiring human resources and managing customer relationship has totally been changed with the innovation in the field of technology. E-business facilitates the establishment of real time connection with various entities such as distributors, wholesalers, suppliers, logistics providers, service providers and the end consumers. An effective e-business strategy would enable the organization to achieve efficiency in all the major functions performed by the organization with its various business entities. Thus, e-business can be an effective tool for the businesses in optimizing the flow of physical items between the supply chains, in connecting with the end consumers and also in performing the traditional functions of business in a totally new way (Gottschalk 2006). Expectation of Inteet Customers: The success of every business depends upon how well it is able to satisfy its customers. Customer satisfaction is the prime conce for the businesses these days, as they realize that attracting new customer would cost them too high in comparison to retaining existing customers. As such, most of the businesses are eyeing to satisfy their existing customers by offering them products and services above their expectations. However, the advancement in the field of technology has further raised their expectation even more than before. In the e-business age, the expectation of the customers has totally been changed with that of the traditional business. Customers are expecting higher level of services such as timely delivery of products and services with the correct features as mentioned during the time of purchase. The transaction should be free from any kind of fraud and the processing time should also be least. They expect personalized as well as error free service through multiple channels and also the availability of service at all the times (E-Business 2010). In addition to all these expectations, the customers are also very much conce with respect to the privacy and confidentiality related issues from the e-business transaction. Further, as the River Island is a fashion conscious chain of retail store, the customers would expect good quality of products with timely delivery because it would not be possible for them to judge the quality of the products electronically. As such the expectation of the customers would further increase depending upon the nature of the business. Integration with the Existing business processes: For the purpose of achieving the maximum advantage of e-business strategy, it becomes very much essential that the new business processes must be integrated with the existing business processes. However in case of River Island, the website of the company does not support the e-commerce transaction. As such, it has been a difficult task to integrate the data with the existing business system database of the organization. The successful launch of an e-business would require the integration of core business application software with that of the e-business applications. This will help in the complete realization of benefits from e-business. Analysis of Logistics Processes: As the expectation of the customer is very high in case of e-business, it becomes essential for the businesses to fulfill their expectation effectively. The customer usually expects the delivery of products and services at minimal time. In order to meet out this expectation, it becomes essential for the businesses to have an effective logistic system in operation, so that faster services can be ensured. In case of River Island, as the organization is planning to integrate its function with e-business, the logistics system of the organization should be such that it ensures timely delivery of products and services. At present, the logistics process of the organization is handled by a company known as Zendor, which provides the basic core services like distribution, warehousing, call centres and retumanagement. However, the integration of the business with the inte et would require the logistic system to be more effective, as the database of the customer would expand which requires the business to respond quickly to its customer’s requirements (Parazoglou 2006). Resources required for Website maintenance and support: The Website of River Island is basic and does not support the e-commerce transaction. Further, the company is also planning to market its products and services through inteet which requires an effective website that supports the e-commerce transaction. As such it becomes essential for the business to make changes to its existing website, so that the company can expand its operation by approaching larger market area. The changes to the existing website in order to support the e-commerce transaction would require various resources such as a team of technical staff, who looks after the entire design and the development of the website, website project managers to look after the necessary improvements needed in order to protect it from being outdated. In addition to this, sufficient funds would also be required so that the maintenance process can be conducted in a more efficient manner (Montgomery 2009). Implementation Strategy A proper planning is very much essential for integrating the business of River Island with the information technology. A well framed strategy needs to be followed conceing the development of website to its design, so that it would be most effective in attracting the focus of the customers. Further, the strategy should also account for the marketing and promotion strategy together with the management of supply chain activity in order to satisfy the need of the customer in a most efficient manner. A proper planning would ensure what exactly is needed to address in the website so that it would remain effective. It becomes very much essential for the retail chain store to reengineer its logistic activities so as to achieve a successful implementation of the e-commerce. The implementation of all the major tasks required for the development of website should be performed in manner that results into the achievement of overall success. Planning for Website designing: One of the most crucial aspects for the success of a website depends upon the design of the website. It should include everything that a customer expects from a website. In case of River Island, the website should be designed in manner that best addresses the need of its target market that includes both the male and female of ages between 18-35. As the young generation is more conceed about the latest trend in the market, the website of the fashion conscious chain of retail store should be designed in such a manner, so that it provide sufficient scope to its customer to choose from the various offering made by it. In addition to this, the context of the website is another major area to focus. It should be designed in a manner that supports the information in multiple formats. The characteristics of the target audience should also be taken into consideration in the process of website designing. However, one of the most important aspects to be considered is that it should be easily accessible to users. For a better result, it should have high ratings so that it accounts in the top ten searches made in the web search engines. Overall, the designing of the website should be done in a most effective manner to remain effective (Palmer 2002). E-marketing and Promotion strategy: After the successful designing of the website, it becomes essential to frame an effective marketing and promotion strategy conce ing the products and services offered through the website, so that the awareness can be created among the customers. An effective e-marketing strategy would help the company in attracting the interest of the existing as well as the prospective customers. There are various e-marketing and promotion strategies available through which the marketing of a brand through the web is possible in the most effective manner. However, in the development of consumer centric e-marketing strategy, it becomes essential that the consumer should be familiar with the use of ICT (Pires, Stanton and Rita 2006). In order to market its products online, River Island need to have a proper marketing strategy in operation so that the inte et users can be attracted and the sales can be increased. The various marketing strategies include marketing through emails, podcasts, blogs and also through forums. These e-marketing strategies can prove to be useful for River Island to effectively market its products among its target market. As the company is planning to enter into the e-commerce, it becomes essential for the company to target as many customers as possible. This is possible through email marketing as it is an effective tool for marketing large number of customers. Further, the company can also interact with its customers through the blogs and forums. All these marketing strategy would be helpful for the River Island over a short period of time, but in order to market its product and services over a longer period of time, the long term marketing strategies such as article marketing, social networking and social bookmarking would be quite effective (Inte et Marketing Strategy 2010). E-supply Chain Management Strategy: One of the most important factors in the e-commerce is the supply chain management. It helps in the coordination of activities starting from the procurement of raw materials to delivery of finished product to the final consumer. It should be such that overall efficiency can be achieved in the entire business performance of the organization. In case of e-commerce, the expectation of the customers is usually higher with respect to speed of delivery of products and services. As the retail fashion chain store, River Island is planning to use information technology for e-commerce; the importance of supply chain management has further increased. As such, it becomes essential for the organization to integrate its e-commerce with the supply chain management system (Gunasekaran and Ngai 2004). However, as the River Island occupies around 300 high street stores, with most of these situated in the United Kingdom, the decision of the company to integrate its operation with the information technology would impose various issues for successfully performing its various functions, especially the supply chain management. As such, the company could decide for outsourcing its supply chain function in order to achieve efficiency. This strategy will help the retail store in effectively fulfilling the expectation of its customer in a most effective manner (Wagner, Fillis and Johansson 2003).>GET ANSWER