Type a 3{3.5 page short essay in response to the following prompt.
What were six of the most important discoveries or realizations you made in this
class? In other words, what are you taking away from this class that you think
might stick with you over time and/or in uence you in the future? What have you
experienced that might have a long-term eect on you intellectually or personally?
These can include things you had not realized about mathematics or society, specic
homework problems or theorems from the readings, biographical aspects of the math-
ematicians we studied, etc. These can be things that made sense to you, or topics
where you were confused, points that you agreed/disagreed with in the readings or
class discussions, issues that arose while working on your course project, etc.
Explain why these six discoveries or realizations are important to you.
You must include a combination of both mathematical and historical/cultural obser-
This assignment grade is based only on completion (i.e. if you turn it in, it is 3{3.5 pages
long, and it responds to the prompt and requirements above, then you get full credit).

This essay is a feedback of my class. My class is a class of mathematical history. We study the European mathematical history and also non-European Mathematical history, we talked about many famous mathematical theorems and how they were proved. Every day class, we talke in groups about the things we read in the book, most of the time, are the detail proofs of the famous theorems. After the group discussion, every group will have one member to present on the board in class. The two books we used are
• Journey Through Genius: The Great Theorems of Mathematics, 1991, by William Dunham. ISBN-10: 014014739X
• The Crest of the Peacock: Non-European Roots of Mathematics, third edition, 2011, by George Gheverghese Joseph. ISBN-10: 0691135266 (We only cover the chapter 1,2,4,5,6,11 of this book)
These books you can find it on Google
You can only pay attention on the first book when you write the essay.
During this semester, we have exams every week, the exam is about the detail proof of the mathematical theorems we talked about in class, and these proofs are also can be find in the books.
We also have assignments every week, the assignments are in 2 forms
1. some extended problems which is related to the things we talked in class.
2. Reflection essay about the book

Sample Solution

Sample solution

Dante Alighieri played a critical role in the literature world through his poem Divine Comedy that was written in the 14th century. The poem contains Inferno, Purgatorio, and Paradiso. The Inferno is a description of the nine circles of torment that are found on the earth. It depicts the realms of the people that have gone against the spiritual values and who, instead, have chosen bestial appetite, violence, or fraud and malice. The nine circles of hell are limbo, lust, gluttony, greed and wrath. Others are heresy, violence, fraud, and treachery. The purpose of this paper is to examine the Dante’s Inferno in the perspective of its portrayal of God’s image and the justification of hell. 

In this epic poem, God is portrayed as a super being guilty of multiple weaknesses including being egotistic, unjust, and hypocritical. Dante, in this poem, depicts God as being more human than divine by challenging God’s omnipotence. Additionally, the manner in which Dante describes Hell is in full contradiction to the morals of God as written in the Bible. When god arranges Hell to flatter Himself, He commits egotism, a sin that is common among human beings (Cheney, 2016). The weakness is depicted in Limbo and on the Gate of Hell where, for instance, God sends those who do not worship Him to Hell. This implies that failure to worship Him is a sin.

God is also depicted as lacking justice in His actions thus removing the godly image. The injustice is portrayed by the manner in which the sodomites and opportunists are treated. The opportunists are subjected to banner chasing in their lives after death followed by being stung by insects and maggots. They are known to having done neither good nor bad during their lifetimes and, therefore, justice could have demanded that they be granted a neutral punishment having lived a neutral life. The sodomites are also punished unfairly by God when Brunetto Lattini is condemned to hell despite being a good leader (Babor, T. F., McGovern, T., & Robaina, K. (2017). While he commited sodomy, God chooses to ignore all the other good deeds that Brunetto did.

Finally, God is also portrayed as being hypocritical in His actions, a sin that further diminishes His godliness and makes Him more human. A case in point is when God condemns the sin of egotism and goes ahead to commit it repeatedly. Proverbs 29:23 states that “arrogance will bring your downfall, but if you are humble, you will be respected.” When Slattery condemns Dante’s human state as being weak, doubtful, and limited, he is proving God’s hypocrisy because He is also human (Verdicchio, 2015). The actions of God in Hell as portrayed by Dante are inconsistent with the Biblical literature. Both Dante and God are prone to making mistakes, something common among human beings thus making God more human.

To wrap it up, Dante portrays God is more human since He commits the same sins that humans commit: egotism, hypocrisy, and injustice. Hell is justified as being a destination for victims of the mistakes committed by God. The Hell is presented as being a totally different place as compared to what is written about it in the Bible. As a result, reading through the text gives an image of God who is prone to the very mistakes common to humans thus ripping Him off His lofty status of divine and, instead, making Him a mere human. Whether or not Dante did it intentionally is subject to debate but one thing is clear in the poem: the misconstrued notion of God is revealed to future generations.



Babor, T. F., McGovern, T., & Robaina, K. (2017). Dante’s inferno: Seven deadly sins in scientific publishing and how to avoid them. Addiction Science: A Guide for the Perplexed, 267.

Cheney, L. D. G. (2016). Illustrations for Dante’s Inferno: A Comparative Study of Sandro Botticelli, Giovanni Stradano, and Federico Zuccaro. Cultural and Religious Studies4(8), 487.

Verdicchio, M. (2015). Irony and Desire in Dante’s” Inferno” 27. Italica, 285-297.