Develop the following topic: Critically analyse corporate governance issues in the annual report you selected. In your analysis, critically evaluate whether the disclosure is elaborated as a tool to manage shareholders expectations or if the disclosure is provided to address stakeholders needs as a whole. In developing your critical analysis you should refer to the academic literature to describe and explain two models of corporate governance and underlying theories related to the topic. You are expected to identify positive and negative aspects of the report you choose as well as suggest possible ways forward.
Orate gLEARNING OUTCOMES
This essay was designed to provide opportunities for students to develop skills and to demonstrate knowledge in different areas. At the end of the case, students should be able to:
• Evaluate critically the foundations and developments in theories and practices of corporate governance.
• Evaluate critically the existing practice of corporate governance and board directors and their impact on investors, risk management and internal controls.
• Select, find, read and understand key social accounting literature;
• Gather and organise relevant material and apply it appropriately to problems and the assessed work;
• Critically analyse literature and other course material;
• Communicate effectively;
• Self-organisation and time management;
REQUIRED (100% of your mark in this course)
This is an individual work. Each student needs to choose one of the following reports. Only 5- 6 students will be allocated to one of the following report so please, communicate your choice to the course coordinator as soon as possible because the allocation of reports will be on a first come first served basis.
Scottish Water Annual Report & Accounts 2016/17: http://www.scottishwater.co.uk/assets/about%20us/files/key%20publications/annualreport201 617.pdf
You are required to develop the following topic: Critically analyse corporate governance issues in the annual report you selected. In your analysis, critically evaluate whether the disclosure is elaborated as a tool to manage shareholders expectations or if the disclosure is provided to address stakeholders needs as a whole.
In developing your critical analysis you should refer to the academic literature to describe and explain two models of corporate governance and underlying theories related to the topic. You are expected to identify positive and negative aspects of the report you choose as well as suggest possible ways forward. This is an individual essay that needs to be developed in 2,500 words but a variation of ±10% to this limit will also be accepted. List of references provided at the end of the report are not part of the word limit.
If you refer to published material in preparing your essay you should acknowledge the source of the material, provide a reference, and any direct quotes should be in inverted commas (please consult the following guidance on avoiding plagiarism: http://www.abdn.ac.uk/sls/online-resources/avoiding-plagiarism/
You should also consult Harvard the Referencing System for citations and list of references:
Please, consult the following link for more information on plagiarism:
If you need clarification about plagiarism, please contact any one of the following for assistance: lecturer and/or course coordinator.
School nursing program is a basic piece of Public Health Directorate in Bahrain. It is responsible for giving first line remedial help to understudies and staff people, and ensuring they are in perfect prosperity and in a secured and strong condition, which develops effective learning (Schainker et al. 2005; Taras et al. 2004; Wolfe 2006; Wolfe and Selekman 2002). School support in Bahrain are under Public Health Directorate, and their perceptions on parts, factors impacting work satisfaction and the association between work satisfaction, freedom and self-reasonability have basic sense of duty regarding the difference in Nursing Services in Public Health. Factors Affecting Job Satisfaction of School Nurses This examination finds school restorative guardians understand work satisfaction to mean notions of rapture, fulfillment and bliss procured from playing out your action. It is a best human resource issue transversely finished various affiliations associated with positive work attitude, work duty, higher productivity and occupation upkeep (Okan and Akyuz, 2015; Roethlisberger and Dickson, 1939). Diverse examinations (Butler and Rose, 2011; Hegney et al., 2006; Williams, 2014) find school orderlies have low levels of work satisfaction related with less certified drugs and helpful equipment. In any case, in Bahrain, the present examination finds both government and educational cost based school restorative chaperons have general a lot of work satisfaction (Mean=3.80) with non-state funded school therapeutic orderlies uncovering more raised measures of occupation satisfaction (Mean=3.97 versus 3.57). School sustain in Bahrain relate their movement satisfaction to characteristic, incidental and individual factors as cleared up in the accompanying two sections. Examination of the depictions of the Self in TWO of the before the war compositions In the area entitled "Me", Bennett and Royle examine the possibility of Self in composing and academic theory, raising indispensable issues, for instance, the penchant toward solipsism in wistful composition, the way that the "I" or "me" is by and large chosen, that one is at risk to lingo, and that nostalgic and post-nostalgic written work is sensitive to the piece of otherness, making us "aware of what might be portrayed as our commitments in association with otherness" (136). Make an examination out of the depictions of the Self in TWO of the prewar compositions we have thought about as of not long ago. Suggest no short of what one of the issues raised by Bennett and Royle in the beforehand said segment. Note that you don't have to limit your choice to insightful messages including a first-singular storyteller/wonderful voice. Form 1200 to 1500 words (references and works refered to included). Use the MLA reference style. Works that should be refered to are the going with: Walt Whitman. "Song of Myself" (fragments 1-24, 33, 51, and 52; verse, ca. 45 pages) Ralph Waldo Emerson. "Certainty" (paper, ca. 25 pages) Andrew Bennett and Nicholas Royle. An Introduction to Literature, Criticism, and Theory, Fifth Edition (2016). Picked parts are; "Me", and "The substance and the world" The certainty and the reference book about composing will be given in a pdf orchestrate however Song of Myself can be found here with the particular regions here: https://www.poetryfoundation.org/ditties/45477/tune of-myself-1892-version Page numbers can be found here: https://muse.jhu.edu/book/48060. Reason: The purpose behind this investigation is to test the effect of Perceived Organizational Support on Job satisfaction and to choose the effect of mediation of Trust on Job Satisfaction in the two unmistakable sections of work Public and Private. Here Sector of Employment goes about as a mediator and Job Trust as the go between. Plan/technique/approach: A survey was orchestrated and managed to 182 delegates working in individuals when all is said in done and the private section in different endeavors like Banking, Mining, Power Generation and Information Technology. Disclosures: The investigation has developed positive associations between the three creates of clear progressive help, work satisfaction and occupation trust for the general model and open fragment delegates, however these relations are not basic in case of private region laborers. The mediation effect of Trust is basic at 10% for the general model sans freely in the private and open division. Research limitations/recommendations: The respondents have varied profiles with respect to age/years of experience, rank level and the organizations that they work in. These results may not be generalizable to all specialists in various relationship in different organizations and geographic zones. Similarly, an extensive level of responses have been assembled through the web which isn't an inside and out exact and strong kind of data amassing. Practical consequences: The investigation revelations are depended upon to help the present relationship in individuals when all is said in done and private territory to comprehend purposes behind reducing occupation satisfaction of the laborers and devise ways to deal with upgrade the perspective of legitimate help. Imagination/regard: This paper considers the refinement in the associations showed between Perceived various leveled enable, work to trust and occupation satisfaction in the private and open region in the Indian setting. This is one of the essential undertakings towards focus the business parts on a comparable preface. Catchphrases: Seen Organizational Support, Job Trust, Job Satisfaction, Public Sector, Private Sector Introduction: Business Satisfaction is a measure of how content an individual is with his movement. Numerous models have been made remembering the ultimate objective to clear up conditions and final products of occupation satisfaction, for example, impact theory, dispositional speculation, two factor speculation and the movement characteristics appear. For an impressive period of time masters have been endeavoring to develop relationship among various parameters impacting the movement satisfaction, work obligation, work commitment and occupation execution of the agents in the affiliations. This is particularly essential for relationship with a particular ultimate objective to improve working conditions, understand the stirring segments and in like manner increase delegate gainfulness by making a sound work environment. Occupation Satisfaction is a marker of specialist perceptions and feelings about their businesses. It can in like manner expect work rehearses like legitimate citizenship,absenteeismandturnover.Another basic and appropriate research finding is the association between life satisfaction and occupation satisfaction which is seen to compare. It infers that a man who is content with his movement may be extremely content with his life and the a different way. Occupation satisfaction is acknowledged to quite impact the benefit of the laborer which is vital to strength units that are importance to extend yields. Seen various leveled encourage is commonly thought to be a dynamic association between the business and his laborers. According to Rhoades and Eisenberger(2002) the accomplices share a comparing relationship where higher POS is associated with sincere undertakings put in by the laborer to achieve various leveled targets. Research disclosures prescribe that master delegates will most likely observe higher definitive help when they determinedly identified with their workplace and a positive relationship was seen between work execution and POS (Heckman et al., 2009). Our investigation goes for analyzing the association between observed various leveled help and occupation satisfaction. Place stock in goes about as a go between in our model. Seen definitive help is how much delegates assume that their affiliation regards their duties and contemplates their success. Trust is to believe the person who you trust to do what you expect and work satisfaction depicts how content an individual is with his or her movement. This investigation tries to consider and develop associations between the creates for individuals as a rule and private division specialists in India. There are distinctive standard scales available to measure each one of these parameters. In this examination we have generally used the shortened version of the scales. Research establishment and Hypothesis Seen Organizational Support: The possibility of various leveled help has sufficiently made eagerness for demand to mull over its impact on execution of the specialists. The wisdom an agent makes about his/her affiliation regarding his responsibilities and considering his interests and success is named as Perceived Organizational Support (POS)(Eisenberger and Rhoades,2002). A meta-examination has demonstrated that three critical characterizations of wants that an agent has from his work affiliation are connected with POS. They are reasonableness of frameworks, support of the incite unrivaled and execution related prizes and awesome work conditions. Thinking about the organizations' wants from their delegates, they regard responsibility and trustworthiness. Feeling driven point of view of various leveled obligation underlines that the sentiment solidarity felt by the delegate and the characteristics that he bestows to the affiliation choose the execution and non-appearance levels, probability of leaving his place of business (Mathieu and Zajac, 1990;Meyer and Allen, 1997; Mowday, Porter, and Steers, 1982). Social Exchange researchers express that work is a give and take relationship of duty and unwavering quality for generous prizes and social focal points (e.g., Bateman and Organ, 1983; Brief and Motowidlo, 1986). The antecedents of POS and its outcomes are cleared up by the various leveled help theory which (Eisenberger, Huntington, Hutchison, and Sowa, 1986). This speculation acknowledge that to choose affiliation's accessibility to remunerate delegate attempts and meet their socio energetic prerequisites, specialist shapes general feelings about the stress showed up and expected in future by his relationship towards him. POS is moreover seen as an assertion of the assistance that will be available to the delegate amidst torment (cf. George, Reed, Ballard, Colin, and Fielding, 1993). Moves made by the administrators of the affiliation are illustrative of its objective and are not singular points of view. The embodiment of the affiliation is maintained by its great and legal obligations, culture, gauges and methodologies. Agents outline perceptions in light of the above pointers about the assistance they get from their work affiliation (Levinson, 1965). This speculation also communicates that POS should develop a type of a dedication in the agent to perform for the affiliation and help accomplish its goals. The part astuteness of agents is acknowledged to depend upon the activities that the affiliation sees as critical for compelling work execution (Porter and Lawler, 1968). Execution is required to increase with higher undertakings put in by the specialist and the perception that such profitable undertakings will be adjusted (Campbell, Dunnette, Lawler, and Weick, 1970; Katz, 1964). Occupation Trust Trust is a champion among the most basic fundamentals on which a business laborer relationship is based. This relationship goes far in conferring conviction and destructing fear by influencing a working environment to free of pressure and uncertainty (Zeffane et.al, 2003). Trust has in like manner been proposed to be a psychological state as showed by which it is assessed in light of seen lack of protection or danger as a result of the powerlessness included (Kramer, 1999). In our examination work we are stressed over the trust inside the affiliation i.e. the level of trust the delegates have in the affiliation they work for, basically among specialists and boss or executives. In this way in a definitive setting trust relies upon the social exchange speculation fundamentally (Whitener et al., 1998), which unveils trust to be a consequence of exchange of favorable circumstances between the two get-togethers included. The fundamental thought required here is "correspondence", which develops the way that enthusiasm for the agents in a relationship to the extent affirmation, fortifying, value, support and distinctive favors will reliably be returned and not go misuse (Gouldner, 1960). Agreeing the investigation done by Prusak and Cohen (2001), it is possible for directors to develop a circumstance of trust in the relationship by engaging shared trust, and support. This in this way assembles the level of evident trust in the relationship by the delegates. It has in like manner been fought this trust in (McAllister, 1995) is the best approach to various leveled trust and control. It prompts extended level of delegate bolster which incorporates fundamental authority control in the hands of the subordinates which would unavoidably incite increase in messes up. Thusly, by appointing this vitality to the subordinates the affiliation grows the danger factor however meanwhile, since this assignment needs a commitment of trust in (Yukl, 1994), gives an unmistakable sign that affiliation has confidence in its specialists and in this way the individual sees this definitive trust and therefore contributes feasibly and vehemently towards the affiliation. It is furthermore evident that each individual sees the level of trust in a surprising way. Thusly, it is useless to hold essential doubts over all work associations and therefore setting based examination is required. The trust levels moreover move in view of who is appreciating the relationship i.e. at what level of the affiliation (Graham et al., 2006). Thusly, this trust existing in an affiliation chooses to a significant degree an affiliation's lifestyle and work components, by influencing components like definitive structure, work satisfaction and obligation (Zaffane et. al, 2003). Subsequently, we have taken this as one of the creates (as a go between) in our examination of the association between observed progressive help and business satisfaction. >GET ANSWER