You have been provided with a spreadsheet giving various statistics about the state of the
nation for 50 countries. Unless otherwise specified, the data were current as of 2010 and
were synthesised from a number of Internet sources. Specific details are as follows.
GDP per Capita: The value of all goods and services produced in a country in a given year
divided by the mid-year population. Figures are for 2010, from the International
Monetary Fund. See
List_of_countries_by_GDP_(PPP)_per_capita for a link to the original data and more
Total Population: Correct as of 2010 in most cases, but some figures are estimates.
Total Area: Given in km2. It includes all land and water area within the country.
Obtained from Wikipedia.
Vehicles per 1000 people: Obtained from the number of registered vehicles and the
population figure.
Climate: Roughly divided into one of 5 types.
Annual number of births (in thousands): Obtained from UNICEF
Life Expectancy at Birth: Obtained from UNICEF
Total adult literacy rate (%): Obtained from UNICEF

Key to climate: 1 = Varied

2 = Continental – Extremes of heat and cold
3 = Temperate (No extremes of heat or cold)
4 = Tropical (hot all year)
5 = Mediterranean – warm dry summer, cool
wet winter

You will need to research the context and the variables and use the statistical enquiry
cycle to carry out a statistical investigation to determine if there is a relationship between
at least one pair of variables.
Write a report describing the investigation.
1. Familiarise yourself with the data set provided. This will include doing research to
help you understand the variables and develop a purpose for the investigation.
2. Pose an appropriate relationship question that can be answered using the variables
in the data set. The variables you choose must be numerical, and the variable you
use as your dependent variable must be continuous. You may choose to investigate
more than one pair of variables. Select appropriate display(s) to graph your data.
3. Identify features in the data, including the Trend, Association, Strength of
Relationship, Scatter, Outliers/Unusual features, and Groupings.
4. Find an appropriate model.
5. Use your model to make prediction(s).
6. Write a conclusion answering your question.
7. Support your conclusion by referring to your analysis and/or features of the visual
display(s). Include a reflection on your process, which could consider other
relevant variables, or evaluate the adequacy of your model(s).
In creating your report or presentation, link your discussion to the context and support the
statements you make by referring to the statistical evidence. The quality of your
discussion and reasoning, in particular with respect to any decisions and assumptions that
you make will determine your overall grade.

1. Problem: State the problem you are going to investigate. You should make it clear what the variables are that you’re investigating and what the population is that you’re making claims about

2. Plan: What are you going to do to answer this problem? Give me a list of the steps you’ll go through and how you’ll use the information to make a conclusion.

3. Data: Gather the data you need, and discuss if there are any considerations you need to make. Did you need to remove any data? Why?

4. Analysis:
Draw your scatterplot

Find the mean point and plot your Line of Best Fit

Use technology to calculate the Regression Line

Explain the meaning of the slope and y-intercept in context.

TARSOG: Trend, Association, Relationship, Scatter, Outliers, Groupings

5. Conclusion:
What does your analysis of your SAMPLE indicate to you about the POPULATION you are investigating?
Make an interpolation and extrapolation and report your results in context.
Discuss any limitations to your results/findings.
Are there any further things your findings make you wonder? Are there any things you would go back and change?


Sample Solution

Sample solution

Dante Alighieri played a critical role in the literature world through his poem Divine Comedy that was written in the 14th century. The poem contains Inferno, Purgatorio, and Paradiso. The Inferno is a description of the nine circles of torment that are found on the earth. It depicts the realms of the people that have gone against the spiritual values and who, instead, have chosen bestial appetite, violence, or fraud and malice. The nine circles of hell are limbo, lust, gluttony, greed and wrath. Others are heresy, violence, fraud, and treachery. The purpose of this paper is to examine the Dante’s Inferno in the perspective of its portrayal of God’s image and the justification of hell. 

In this epic poem, God is portrayed as a super being guilty of multiple weaknesses including being egotistic, unjust, and hypocritical. Dante, in this poem, depicts God as being more human than divine by challenging God’s omnipotence. Additionally, the manner in which Dante describes Hell is in full contradiction to the morals of God as written in the Bible. When god arranges Hell to flatter Himself, He commits egotism, a sin that is common among human beings (Cheney, 2016). The weakness is depicted in Limbo and on the Gate of Hell where, for instance, God sends those who do not worship Him to Hell. This implies that failure to worship Him is a sin.

God is also depicted as lacking justice in His actions thus removing the godly image. The injustice is portrayed by the manner in which the sodomites and opportunists are treated. The opportunists are subjected to banner chasing in their lives after death followed by being stung by insects and maggots. They are known to having done neither good nor bad during their lifetimes and, therefore, justice could have demanded that they be granted a neutral punishment having lived a neutral life. The sodomites are also punished unfairly by God when Brunetto Lattini is condemned to hell despite being a good leader (Babor, T. F., McGovern, T., & Robaina, K. (2017). While he commited sodomy, God chooses to ignore all the other good deeds that Brunetto did.

Finally, God is also portrayed as being hypocritical in His actions, a sin that further diminishes His godliness and makes Him more human. A case in point is when God condemns the sin of egotism and goes ahead to commit it repeatedly. Proverbs 29:23 states that “arrogance will bring your downfall, but if you are humble, you will be respected.” When Slattery condemns Dante’s human state as being weak, doubtful, and limited, he is proving God’s hypocrisy because He is also human (Verdicchio, 2015). The actions of God in Hell as portrayed by Dante are inconsistent with the Biblical literature. Both Dante and God are prone to making mistakes, something common among human beings thus making God more human.

To wrap it up, Dante portrays God is more human since He commits the same sins that humans commit: egotism, hypocrisy, and injustice. Hell is justified as being a destination for victims of the mistakes committed by God. The Hell is presented as being a totally different place as compared to what is written about it in the Bible. As a result, reading through the text gives an image of God who is prone to the very mistakes common to humans thus ripping Him off His lofty status of divine and, instead, making Him a mere human. Whether or not Dante did it intentionally is subject to debate but one thing is clear in the poem: the misconstrued notion of God is revealed to future generations.



Babor, T. F., McGovern, T., & Robaina, K. (2017). Dante’s inferno: Seven deadly sins in scientific publishing and how to avoid them. Addiction Science: A Guide for the Perplexed, 267.

Cheney, L. D. G. (2016). Illustrations for Dante’s Inferno: A Comparative Study of Sandro Botticelli, Giovanni Stradano, and Federico Zuccaro. Cultural and Religious Studies4(8), 487.

Verdicchio, M. (2015). Irony and Desire in Dante’s” Inferno” 27. Italica, 285-297.