Correlation does not imply causation

  1. What does it mean when we say “Correlation does not imply causation”?
  2. How can someone assess the direction of causation and the effect of other variables
  3. Look at the chart below and explain these answers thoroughly, as if you are explaining them to someone who does not understand statistics.***
    a) What does the negative sign tell you?
    b) What does the significance level tell you?
    c) How would you interpret this correlation in plain language?

Sample Solution