Prepare a spreadsheet of cost savings data showing efficiency gains attributable to care coordination,
Identifies specific gaps in care coordination today, presents a framework for better coordinating care using HIT.
Describes how specific technologies can be leveraged. Also discussed are the need to build and test specific interventions to improve HIT-related care coordination tools.Outline the key policy steps needed to accomplish this.
Discusses the potential contribution of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) to enable patient-centric and coordinated care.
Explores the role of patient portals as a developing ICT tool, assesses the available evidence, and describes the evaluation challenges.
Examines the role of HIT in improving health care coordination and access to information for health care providers, patients, and the population.
Examines the efficacy of HIT in a substance abuse treatment program.
Care Coordination in a Changing Health Care Landscape
Describes the implementation of a care coordination model designed to provide patient- and family-centered care
Discusses the impact on traditional hospitals of emerging, non-traditional health care competitors who offer greater convenience and lower prices.
Discuss the contributions of relational coordination to care management in accountable care organizations:
Identify the extent to which ACO leaders are aware of the dimensions of relational coordination and the ways in which these leaders believe the dimensions influenced care management practices in their organization.
The nuclear hypothesis is created since 2000 years prior the Greek scholar Democritus recommended that there was a point of confinement to how little one could be partition matter, this littlest issue inseparable molecule was called "particle". Anyway this nuclear hypothesis of Democritus was censured by Aristotle who proposed a model in view of four essential "components" of earth, air, fire and water. Aristotle's view held for the following 2000 years as it more qualified religious convictions of the time. In 1801, an English educator named John Dalton proposed his nuclear hypothesis which expressed issue is made out of all little inseparable molecules, components contain one kind of particle; distinctive components contain diverse iotas, mixes contain in excess of one sort of molecule. In 1904, British physicist J.J Thomson and others showed that cathode beams (electrons) were available in all issue. Thomson suggested that the particle was a circle of positive charge in which inserted were rings of negative charges (electrons) , like "plums in a pudding". Foam on, in 19 century, the disclosures of radiation prompts another advance of Physics. We realized that specific components transmitting radiation, this recommended iotas are not any more inseparable and not indestructible, as proposed in Dalton's nuclear model. Radiation gives an essential device to the investigation of issue. In 1911, Rutherford initially recommended the utilization of alpha particles to test the inner structure of the iota. At long last, the core and its protons were found. Rutherford's diffusing test Ernest Rutherford, guided an analysis to Hans Geiger and Ernest Marsden in 1909, in which the newfound alpha particles (Helium cores) were let go at a thin gold thwart layer which just a couple of molecule thick. Around then the molecule was believed to be comparable to "plum pudding" by Thomson with a negative charge (the plum) all through the positive circle (the pudding). The vast majority of the alpha molecule went through with no or just little diversions in a vacuum (consider figure), to be would been excepted on the Thomson model of the iota current at the time. Around 1 of every 8000 was avoided through edges more prominent than 90 degree. The outcome was unexpected to the point that Rutherford was extremely unforeseen that Rutherford was elevated to write…."it was relatively staggering as though you shot a 15 inch shell at a bit of tissue and it returned and hit you." In this way Rutherford inferred that dominant part of the mass of the particle was packed in the core. The little size of the core clarified the modest number of the alpha particles that were repulsed each other along these lines. Rutherford demonstrated that the measure of the core was not exactly around 10 - 14m. Bohr's model, how it fit trial perception Quickened electrons transmitted and lose vitality which anticipated by Predicted by Maxwell and affirmed by Hertz, anyway the electron doesn't turn into the core due to vitality losing. Later on, In 1903.H.G.J Morseley discovered basic, standard connection between the frequencies of X-beam outflow line, in this manner it gave a confirmation to help Bohr's model. Researcher started to take a shot at a substituting model to supplant it. Bohr's hypothesizes In 1913 the Danish physicist Niels Bohr (1885~1992), set forward some radical suggestions to represent the disparities between Rutherford's model of the particle and the accessible exploratory proof. Bohr's proposes are 1. Electron can evacuate in certain permitted circles - stationary states (vitality) - without transmitting vitality. 2.when an electron tumbles from a higher vitality level to a lower vitality level, it emanates vitality that is quantised by the board relationship E2-E 1= hf. 3. Augular force (mvr) is quantised and can just take estimations of the nh/2π when n is the vital quantum number. The principal propose represent the security of the molecule. Anyway why the these stationary state energized was obscure. They exist was a reality. The second propose clarifies the line discharge spectra. Emanation (or ingestion) of Energy is spasmodic and compares to a change between two stationary states. Since the vitality can be quantized, the outflow, the recurrence of the discharged (or consumed) radiation is foreordained. A change between various states will prompt contrast frequencies or hues. The third hypothesize successfully sets restrains on the sweep of the permitted circles. Bohr's model Bohr understood that if his model was right, every particle would have a ghastly unique finger impression to the contrasts between electron vitality level in that iota. The Rydberg condition which otherwise called Balmer condition, has given him prove for the quantised discharge of the vitality from hydrogen molecule, driving him to going ahead to assist his model and characterize his propose. So the hydrogen range was exceptionally noteworthy to the advancement of Bohr's model of the iota, in light of the fact that without its comprehension, Bohr may not proceed with his work of the model. Created and recognizable when hydrogen gas was energized by the expansion of vitality. The condition in the first frame was adjusted by Rhydberg until the point when it worked and could be connected to clarify the range of hydrogen by utilizing whole number estimations of n, just as recommended by Bohr in his hypothesizes. Quantum number and quantum changes It's conceivable to decide the vitality of each circle utilizing Bohr's model and from this develop a vitality level Figure for hydrogen. The figure underneath demonstrates the vitality these vitality levels. Then again a change between stationary states can be appear in figure. B. The Balmer arrangement of lines happens when the electrons tumble to the n=2 level from n=2 level n=3,4,5 and 6 levels. This is delineated contrastingly in figure. B. How Bohr portrays the hydrogen spectra Bohr's model of the particle wad very like that of Rutherford's with two vital contrasts right off the bat, it helped positions to the electrons, however furthermore the electron vitality level s were quantised. This was fundamentally new, the possibility that electrons had vitality states and could ingest and radiate vitality to change states, and had no proof. Bohr understood that if his model was right, every particle would have an unearthly "unique mark to the contrasts between electron vitality level in that molecule. The Rydberg condition gave him confirmation to the quantised discharge of the vitality from hydrogen particle. It drives him to going ahead to encourage his model and characterizes his hypothesize. So the hydrogen range was imperative to the advancement of Bohr's model of the particle. The vitality levels depict by Bohr is plainly stamped. As indicated by Bohr, the Balmer arrangement (appeared on the base of the outline as the hydrogen range) was cause by changing vitality levels, in the process discharging light. As appeared, bigger vitality changes deliver more lively photons, as found in Balmer's arrangement, as further, this graph demonstrates how the Balmer arrangement is framed by progressive electron change to the 2ndshell (change to other shell create extra lines named after their revelations.) This is an awesome accomplishment that the Bohr 's demonstrate can give a physical premise to the Balmer arrangement equation. From his second propose E f-Ei= hf. (I) states for starting vitality level (f)states for definite vitality level Ei=1/ni2E1and Ef=1/nf2E1 thus: hf =1/nf2E1-1/ni2E1=(1/nf2-1/ni2) E1 What's more, since c=fA=>A=c/f the articulation lessens to 1/A=E1/hcX(1/nf2-1/ni2) where R states for Rydberg's steady, RH(hydrogen)1.097X 107m-1. By utilizing the blend of traditional material science and quantum physical science, Bohr could characterize the condition for the ghastly lines of hydrogen. He didn't know why the electrons complied with his standards. These were simply exact outcomes. Issues with the model For all the achievement, the Bohr model of the iota had genuine impediments: It and impromptu blend of established and quantum material science; it permits a few laws of the traditional physical science held and others didn't. Hydrogen has just a single electron, and Bohr's propose are just ready to clarify it. It can't work fo r multi-electron iotas. It couldn't clarify the relative powers of the ghostly line; a few lines were more serious to the others and it was not known why this ought to happen. Certain unearthly line were foun of various fine and close lines and the reason for these hyperfine ghostly lines couldn't be clarified. The part of unearthly lines when the example was put in an attractive field (called the Zeeman impact, and examined underneath) could likewise not be clarified.>GET ANSWER