Our health care management program is undergoing Q2S transformation and plan to apply for AUPHA Certification in the future. In order to meet the
AUPHA’s requirements, we are modifying some of our courses to include AUPHA’s content areas, where applicable.


Revise the course descriptions and consider how the course can be revised to include some of the relevant AUPHA content areas, when applicable. Add your
revised course name/descriptions to #3 in the Word document.
(Half page for each course. Your responses MUST be original and no references needed. Please your responses MUST be standard as it will be used toward
accreditation process of this program)

1) Current Name/Description: HSCI 160. Strategic Planning and Marketing in the Health Care System
Strategy-oriented management planning process, basic approaches and methodologies employed in strategic planning and health care marketing; economic
and political forces which give form and shape to the health care marketplace.
2) AUPHA Content Area to consider in revised course description (see below):
Healthcare marketing: Examines the basic marketing principles and applies them to the health care field. Analyzes the diversity of the health care
consumer’s definition of care, along with the need to distinguish between individual patients versus corporate America as a customer. Examines the various
healthcare delivery models as changers of healthcare marketing.
Strategy formulation and implementation: Examines the steps and processes associated with strategic planning, as well as the need for strategic planning
and the difficulty of doing this in healthcare delivery. Explores the linkages between mission and strategic planning and examines the roles of all
stakeholders in the strategic planning process.
3) New Course Name/Description for HSCI XXXX:
Revised course description here.

1) Current Name/Description: HSCI 113. Managed Care Systems.
Principles and process of utilization management, risk contracting, capitation, provider contracting, contract negotiations, division of financial responsibility,
and Health Maintenance Organization (HMO) relationships, including quality outcomes measurements, patient satisfaction, and the specialist referral

2) AUPHA Content Areas to consider in revised course description (see below):
Post-acute care: Examines services provided after hospitalization by skilled nursing facilities, inpatient rehabilitation facilities, nursing homes, home health
care, and long term care hospitals. A key component of post- acute care is the co-ordination from a central point to effect smooth transitions. Create
understanding of how this care fits into the continuum of care in managing risk in a healthcare reform environment.
Quality assessment for patient care improvement: Examines the various outcomes assessment tools, and their reliability and accuracy. Explores how
healthcare delivery systems can better measure outcomes from both patient and organizational perspectives. Analyzes quality improvement programs and
examines their adaptability to the healthcare environment.
Ethics in business and clinical decision-making: Explores and analyzes contemporary health care situations in terms of ethical dimensions. Topics may
include patient-care giver relationships, high-tech medicine, ICU dilemmas, medical experimentation, and confidentiality of patient medical records, AIDS
and ethics, death and dying, and the issues of an aging population. Genetic research and its application to patient care may also be explored. Explains
issues around contracts and reimbursement in terms of ethical practices and conduct.

Sample Solution

Sample solution

Dante Alighieri played a critical role in the literature world through his poem Divine Comedy that was written in the 14th century. The poem contains Inferno, Purgatorio, and Paradiso. The Inferno is a description of the nine circles of torment that are found on the earth. It depicts the realms of the people that have gone against the spiritual values and who, instead, have chosen bestial appetite, violence, or fraud and malice. The nine circles of hell are limbo, lust, gluttony, greed and wrath. Others are heresy, violence, fraud, and treachery. The purpose of this paper is to examine the Dante’s Inferno in the perspective of its portrayal of God’s image and the justification of hell. 

In this epic poem, God is portrayed as a super being guilty of multiple weaknesses including being egotistic, unjust, and hypocritical. Dante, in this poem, depicts God as being more human than divine by challenging God’s omnipotence. Additionally, the manner in which Dante describes Hell is in full contradiction to the morals of God as written in the Bible. When god arranges Hell to flatter Himself, He commits egotism, a sin that is common among human beings (Cheney, 2016). The weakness is depicted in Limbo and on the Gate of Hell where, for instance, God sends those who do not worship Him to Hell. This implies that failure to worship Him is a sin.

God is also depicted as lacking justice in His actions thus removing the godly image. The injustice is portrayed by the manner in which the sodomites and opportunists are treated. The opportunists are subjected to banner chasing in their lives after death followed by being stung by insects and maggots. They are known to having done neither good nor bad during their lifetimes and, therefore, justice could have demanded that they be granted a neutral punishment having lived a neutral life. The sodomites are also punished unfairly by God when Brunetto Lattini is condemned to hell despite being a good leader (Babor, T. F., McGovern, T., & Robaina, K. (2017). While he commited sodomy, God chooses to ignore all the other good deeds that Brunetto did.

Finally, God is also portrayed as being hypocritical in His actions, a sin that further diminishes His godliness and makes Him more human. A case in point is when God condemns the sin of egotism and goes ahead to commit it repeatedly. Proverbs 29:23 states that “arrogance will bring your downfall, but if you are humble, you will be respected.” When Slattery condemns Dante’s human state as being weak, doubtful, and limited, he is proving God’s hypocrisy because He is also human (Verdicchio, 2015). The actions of God in Hell as portrayed by Dante are inconsistent with the Biblical literature. Both Dante and God are prone to making mistakes, something common among human beings thus making God more human.

To wrap it up, Dante portrays God is more human since He commits the same sins that humans commit: egotism, hypocrisy, and injustice. Hell is justified as being a destination for victims of the mistakes committed by God. The Hell is presented as being a totally different place as compared to what is written about it in the Bible. As a result, reading through the text gives an image of God who is prone to the very mistakes common to humans thus ripping Him off His lofty status of divine and, instead, making Him a mere human. Whether or not Dante did it intentionally is subject to debate but one thing is clear in the poem: the misconstrued notion of God is revealed to future generations.



Babor, T. F., McGovern, T., & Robaina, K. (2017). Dante’s inferno: Seven deadly sins in scientific publishing and how to avoid them. Addiction Science: A Guide for the Perplexed, 267.

Cheney, L. D. G. (2016). Illustrations for Dante’s Inferno: A Comparative Study of Sandro Botticelli, Giovanni Stradano, and Federico Zuccaro. Cultural and Religious Studies4(8), 487.

Verdicchio, M. (2015). Irony and Desire in Dante’s” Inferno” 27. Italica, 285-297.