- Go to the following website: https://cronometer.com/ IMPORTANT: Instructions below apply to the web-based Cronometer application. Do NOT use the mobile device App.
- Click on Sign Up for Free in the middle of the screen.
Create your profile by entering your school email and password (8 characters).
Next, enter your sex, birth date, height, and weight. For females, leave as normal unless you are pregnant or lactating, which can be selected from the drop down menu.
Click the check box to agree to Terms of Service and click Create Account at the bottom of the screen.
- Once you have entered the Cronometer site, click on SETTINGS at the top of the screen. Once you open SETTINGS, you will see a drop down for PROFILE. It is here you will see your ACTIVITY LEVEL. Also, the email settings are in the SETTINGS then ACCOUNT tab.
Under email, be sure to uncheck any checked boxes. Leaving these boxes checked results in promotional emails from Cronometer. Cronometer is not endorsed by UMGC, and we do not support any fad diet information that may be sent to you.
- Staying in Profile, using the drop down menu, adjust your Activity Level to the appropriate selection based on your habits and lifestyle. Clicking on Activity Level can provide guidance on which activity level is appropriate for your lifestyle.
Note: for this project, do not link your Cronometer account with any fitness tracking devices as it may alter the accuracy of your results for this project.
Step 2: Using the Food Database
- To begin entering your foods for Day 1, ensure you are under the Diary tab at the top of the screen.
- Select the appropriate calendar date. It is highly recommended that you enter all three food diaries at once, using consecutive days on the Cronometer calendar (even if your log days were not consecutive), and use dates closest to today’s actual date. Because we are using the free version of the site, reports can only be done for the last 7 days so you will be unable to get a report for the days you enter if they are more than 7 days away. It’s not a problem to edit the dates in this way–it will not impact your results.
- Click on Add Food at the top of the screen. Type the first food from your food log into the search bar and click Search. Select the food item that best matches the food you ate in the Search Results.
- Choose the amount that you consumed at the bottom of the search box. Use the drop menu to select the most appropriate serving measurement and enter the number of servings. If less than 1 serving, use a decimal to indicate the percentage of one serving consumed. Click on Add Serving.
Note: Do not include any supplements into your food diary as you are doing an assessment of your dietary intake only.
- If you need to delete a food item from your diary, simply right click on the food item and select Delete Selected Items.
- Continue Steps 1-3 for all food items for your Day 1 Food Diary.
- After you have entered all food and drink items for the first day, click on the gear found at the top right of the screen. Select “Mark Day Complete”.
- Repeat for Days 2 and 3 by changing the date in the calendar. Again, ensure dates are consecutive in the Cronometer calendar; are within a 7-day window; and are as close to today’s date as possible.
Step 3: Obtaining Your Nutrition Report
- Once you have entered all of your foods into the Diary for all three days and marked all three days as complete, you need to create your nutrition report to analyze your average intake of nutrients over the three days. Click on the Trends tab at the top of the screen. Select Nutrition Report.
- At the top, select the parameters for your search [see screenshot below]. Ensure your 3 days are included in the last 7 days as the free version of this site only allows for averages from the last 7 days.
Select include today only if one of your three days was entered on today’s date in the Cronometer calendar.
From the drop down menu, select “Completed Days” instead of the default “All Days”. This will ensure your report is accurate and includes values for only days in which food was entered.
Do not include supplements in this report.
- After your report is generated, take a screen shot of your Nutrition Report to show all nutrient values from Nutrition Report dates at the top down to Zinc You will likely need to take two screen shots in order to include the required data. [See sample screenshot below]. This step must be done as it is a requirement that you turn this in with the analysis.
Cronometer will give you two numbers for calories: Calories Burned and Energy
Energy: This is the amount of estimated calories consumed based on the foods you entered.
Calories Burned: This is the amount of estimated calories your body used based on your height/weight/activity level.
PLEASE NOTE THAT THESE ARE SIMPLY ESTIMATES BASED OFF OF A MATHEMATICAL EQUATION.
These values are not an indicator of health or nutritional status– this is only a snapshot of one day, one meal and is not intended to diagnose any deficiencies. If you have concerns about your nutritional status, please feel free to contact me personally or another healthcare professional prior to making any drastic dietary changes or adding supplements.
- Open this file to complete the rest of the assignment. Using the Nutrition Report above, fill in the Average Eaten columns of Tables 1 and 2 of the file you just opened. In order to complete the information needed for Tables 1 and 2, please use the values in 1st column rather than the information in the Target % columns. Note that the values for macronutrients (carbs, fat, protein) are in grams and not kcals. You will need to convert grams to kcals as prompted by the tables.
Your Target values will still be determined based on Step 3: Obtaining Your Nutrition Report (Number 5 in the instructions).
Do NOT use information from the sections that are crossed out on the image below.
For remaining macronutrient components and the micronutrients, use the Nutrition Report tables to obtain the information to fill remaining average intakes for Tables 1 and 2.
Using the screenshot below as an example (vitamins in this case), you will use the 1st column values rather than the red/yellow/green bar values in the 2nd column.
- Finish Tables 1 and 2 in the document you downloaded by using the following resources for Target or RDA/AI Nutrient values.
Macronutrients: Use the AMDRs that you learned about in your text for Target values. These can be found in their respective chapters in the text (Chapters 4, 5, and 6).
Micronutrients: Use the link below for RDA/AI values for all vitamins and minerals except Vitamins A and D. For Vitamins A and D, the units from Cronometer do not match the RDA/AI units found in the link below. While this is the most recent publication for RDA/AIs, presently IUs are the preferable measurement for vitamins A and D. As a result, Cronometer provides their results in IUs for these two vitamins. Use the following reference:
Vitamin A – RDA 3000 IU for males
RDA 2,333 IU for females
Vitamin D – RDA 600 IU for males and females
Here is a detailed reference for Dietary Reference Intakes for all vitamins and macronutrients, which will benefit the analysis portion of your paper.
The link for these values can be found by clicking here: DRI Values
You will NOT use the EAR (Estimated Average Requirements) values. You will be using the RDA (Recommended Daily Allowance) values specific for your sex and gender.
Step 4: Analysis Questions
Answer Questions 1-9 in the file you downloaded above based on your results in Tables 1 and 2. Use complete sentences and ensure proper grammar and spelling. You will need to utilize the DRI Values link in order to complete the RDA columns AND Question #8 regarding Tolerable Upper Limits. The Tolerable Upper Limits values can be found in the DRI Values link.
You will need to access the Tolerable Upper Limits page (found in the same document as the DRI Values) in order to complete Question 8. Please utilize this link: Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs): Estimated Average Requirements for Groups (usda.gov) as the link provided in the Questions 1-9 document may not always authorize user access.
- In order to calculate the EER equation (question #2 on the Word document you have downloaded in order to complete this assignment), you will need your PA value (physical activity). Use the following PA levels for your equation based on your gender and activity level:
1.0 for sedentary
1.11 for low active
- 25 for active
1.48 for very active
1.0 for sedentary
1.12 for low active
- 27 for active
1.45 for very active
Step 5: Submission
The following should be submitted as attachments when you have completed this part of your project:
- Nutrition Report screen shots (as .doc or .pdf file)
- Completed Analysis to include tables and answers to diet analysis questions (found here) (as .doc or .pdf file; File extension .docm may not upload properly to Assignment folder)
Willows was a book intended for adults, then possibly the definitive childhood character from The Golden Age of Children’s Writing’ is Peter Pan. Again, there is a conflict arising from the adult perception of what it means to be a child, or if the subtext of the story is one intended for children as readers. Here, a wilful and spirited boy replaces the image of Pan as a horned, half man, half goat god. Fairies and mermaids replace the Nymphs of mythology, and the shepherds who worshipped Pan are now a tribe of lost boys. Peter Pan is first introduced when ‘Mrs. Darling is tidying up her children’s minds’ as Barrie describes’ a child’s’ mind, which is not only confused, … it keeps going round all the time’ (Location 84 of 2074, Peter Pan and Wendy, Kindle edition.) Which suggests the author ultimately regards the minds of children and the state of childhood as a separate and unordered state, in need of organisation. Like Mr. Darling, Barrie feels compelled to reinstate order. We learn Peter Pan comes from Neverland, a place where each child has their version of Neverland, seen in the moments before they go to sleep. Peter lives with the fairies and ‘when Children died he went part of the way with them so that they would not be frightened.’ Within the story, there are fights to the death, and a reference to Peter Pan thinning out the lost boys, though we do not know how this is achieved. The story suggests Peter kills for fun. If a literal interpretation, then he is cruel and controlling. One can also read Peter Pan is a representation of the fleeting dreams children have before deep sleep, imaginings fed by pocket magazines of the day, playing out pirates and Indians? An illustration, At Home in The Nursery, By George Cruickshank, from 1835, depicts children at play with a range of battle inspired toys. War and death are trivialised by play. Even before the story is established, the author makes the distinction that ‘Children have the strangest adventures without being troubled by them’. Peter Pan as a free spirit entices the children to a land of play and adventure. The battle between Peter Pan and Captain Hook suggests a battle between childhood and adulthood, personified by the ever-ticking clock. Peter has ‘no sense of time’. On his parting from Wendy, the children grow up, forgetting Peter. When reminded, Peter does not remember his nemesis, Captain Hook or his companion, Tinkerbell. It seems the battle was only a game, soon forgotten. Much like the adopted trope, ‘it was all a dream’. Neverland never was, only Peter Pan remains. The idea of Peter Pan flying reminds the reader of the prevalence of dreams in which we can fly, that seems part of childhood for many, yet diminish in frequency as we reach adulthood. Peter is innocent and heartless and flies away, because ‘It is only the gay, innocent and heartless that can fly’. Adulthood grounds us. Peter Pan is driven by the notion of self, meeting his own needs and being in the moment, a physical manifestation of freedom, hailing from a none reality of an unobtainable ‘Neverland.’ Ultimately>GET ANSWER