Do a Cultural assessment to a member from one culture. Assess and include transcultural beliefs including language, religious practices, socioeconomic status, end-of-life practices, dietary preferences, risky behaviors
Identify healthcare behaviors (i.e. nontraditional therapies)
Identify challenges and barriers to healthcare and outcomes related to these challenges
Develop an evidence-based plan that can be used to improve healthcare outcomes and access to healthcare (including use of IT systems, interdisciplinary members, etc.) for your selected culture.
ndividuals self-identifying as male had the highest average amount of reported discrimination (m=25.77), although there was not a significant pairwise mean difference (MD=3.56, p=.118) from self-identifying females (m=22.21), based on modified population marginal means. Individuals identifying as non-binary (m=24) also did not have a significant pairwise mean difference from males (MD=-1.77, p=.829) and females (MD=1.79, p=.826) (see Figure 3). Based on modified population marginal means, individuals self-identifying as lower-middle class had the highest average amount of reported discrimination (m=30.64), followed by individuals self-identifying as middle class (m=22.53), upper-middle class (m=21.28), working class (m=21.06), and upper class (m=16) (see Figure 4). There was a significant pairwise mean difference between lower-middle class and middle class (MD=8.103, p=.01), lower-middle class and upper-middle class (MD=9.355, p=.005), and lower-middle class and working class (MD=9.581, p=.017). Discrimination and SDO A linear regression was conducted to determine if experiencing discrimination affected social dominance orientation. Results suggest individuals scoring higher on the Everyday Discrimination Scale also had higher scores on the Social Dominance Orientation scale, b=.289, t(70)=2.510, p=.014. EDS scores also explained a significant amount of variance in SDO scores, R2=.084, F(1,70)=6.298, p=.014 (Table 1). Individuals who are discriminated against tend to have more hierarchy-enhancing ideologies than individuals who experience less discrimination. Discrimination and CoBRAS A linear regression was conducted to determine if experiencing discrimination affected color-blind racial ideologies. No significant relation was found between scores on the Everyday Discrimination Scale and scores on the Color-Blind Racial Attitudes Scale, b=-.065, t(70)=.539, p=.591. EDS scores had no effect on variance in CoBRAS scores, R2=.004, F(1,70)=.291, p=.591 (Table 1). Experiencing discrimination does not necessarily affect color-blind racial ideologies. SDO and CoBRAS A linear regression was conducted to determine if social dominance orientation and color-blind racial ideologies are related. Results suggest individuals scoring higher on the SDO scale also had higher scores on the CoBRAS, b=.493, t(70)=4.712, p<.05. SDO scores also explained a significant amount of variance in CoBRAS scores, R2=.243, F(1,70)=9.076, p<.05 (Table 1). Individuals with hierarchy-enhancing ideologies tend to have more color-blind racial ideologies thank individuals without hierarchy-enhancing ideologies. CoBRAS & Discrimination as Predictors of SDO A multiple regression was conducted to determine if discrimination and color-blind racial ideologies were predictors of social dominance orientation. Results suggest individuals scoring higher on the Everyday Discrimination Scale also had higher scores on the Social Dominance Orientation scale, b=.258, t(70)=2.559, p=.013. Individuals scoring higher on the CoBRAS also had higher scores on the SDO scale, b=.477, t(70)=4.722, p<.05 (Table 1). Individuals who are discriminated against tend to have more hierarchy-enhancing ideologies than individuals who experience less discrimination, and individuals with color-blind racial ideologies also tend to have more hierarchy-enhancing ideologies. Discussion The current study examined the relationship between perceived discrimination and sociopolitical ideologies. Social Dominance Orientation scores were relatively low compared to previous studies (Ho et al., 2000; Poteat & Spanierman, 2012). Color-Blind Racial Attitude Scale scores were more moderate than SDO scores. Everyday Discrimination Scale scores were also low, especially considering the sample was made up almost entirely of minority individuals, who tend to score higher on the Everyday Discrimination Scale (Kim, Sellborn, & Ford, 2014). Sample homogeneity may have influenced the pattern of scores observed on the Social Dominance Orientation scale, Color-Blind Racial Attitudes Scale and Everyday Discrimination Scale. Participants were recruited from a Hispanic-serving institution, and most participants self-identified as Hispanic or Latino (n=47, 66.2%). Previous research has examined the differences between individuals of Caucasian decent and individuals classified as minorities (Pratto et al., 1994; Neville et al., 2000; Ho et al., 2015), finding that minority groups score lower on both the SDO and CoBRAS scales. Because the sample is mainly Hispanic, and drawn from a population that is largely Hispanic, the individuals in the sample may not experience discrimination to the extent as a more diverse sample. In other words, Hispanics living around a largely Hispanic population have less interaction with other groups, leading to lower levels of discrimination. Additionally, the sample size acquired was small, leaving a large standard error and low effect size. Future research should have an increased sample size that is not as homogenous as the sample analyzed in the current study. The current study suggests individuals that experience discrimination have a higher tendency to agree with hierarchy-enhancing ideologies, implying that members of denigrated groups not only want to lessen discrimination, but may want to oppress the previously oppressing group, potentially creating a cycle of oppression between groups. If people of color acquire power, it is likely that individuals of Caucasian descent will be oppressed. The sample was homogenous, however, and does not reflect the general population. Future research should examine different regions of the United States, as well as more diverse population samples more similar to the general population of the United States. Being that the current political climate is shifting and ethnic minorities are now beginning to outnumber the Caucasian population, the implications of the current study should be taken into consideration, particularly in areas that already have large minority populations and large influxes of immigrants and minority groups that will continue to flourish and grow. The current study also suggests that hierarchy-enhancing ideologies are related to color-blind racial ideologies. Individuals may be supportive of policies that co>GET ANSWER