Darwin was not the first to consider evolution as a process but he did come up with the first effective explanation for how it happens. Describe Darwin’s theory of evolution by natural selection. Explain how this theory was a major advance over prior ideas as to how organisms changed over time. Give evidence in support of evolution and describe the driving forces for evolutionary change.
pproach forced the royal authorities to assume a more active role and furthermore the mines did make a major contribution to the early definition of Brazilian society and its economy as well. Like the sugar plantation in Bahia, Minas Gerais gold masters made use of slaves as first hands labour forces leading to it becoming in the mid eighteenth century a territory with a high concentration of African slaves. Vallejos states in his book ‘Slave Control and Slave Resistance in Colonial Minas Gerais, 1700–1750’ that although official statistics for the 1730s place the average slave population at approximately 100,000, there might a fall short of the real numbers as these were submitted for taxation purposes therefore the numbers did not account for the reality of the quantity of slaves present during this period of time. In the mining urban society like Minas Gerais, slave and master confronted each other in ways that bore little resemblance to the typical patterns of plantation slavery. Supervision of the slaves was provided and very strict due the nature of the labour that they were dealing with. Nonetheless, gold dust and gold nuggets were very easy to conceal something that the slaves were aware of. In comparison with the production of sugar where the only harm possible that slaves could do was to tamper with the production of it causing the sugar to not be at its finest quality. However, with the extraction of gold the situation was different as a very small quantity of it was enough to give a slave considerable buying power and a fair measure of independence. The latter reason cause gold masters in investing in surveillance which was considerably expensive therefore not all miners were able to afford one. Nevertheless, gold slave miners did face the same reality of bondage that all slaves did endure in different places elsewhere despite the nature of their job. The suspiciousness of slaves stealing gold nuggets from their gold masters was often one of the main causes for extreme use of force and violence. Indeed, there are many contemporary accounts which denounce the irrationality of those masters who ill-treated their slaves. Slaves were allowed to mine for themselves after fulfilling a specified time-quota for their masters but sometimes the slaves working on their own could come to agreement to share their profits with their masters. By meeting the specify quota decided by their masters, in return they could be offered their freedom after a certain number of years, proven by their masters that their behaviour and productivity had been worthy for such a concession to be given unto them. The differences between plantations slaves and the miners one lies in the fact that the natu>GET ANSWER