Directions: Review the Houck, Kendall, Miller, Morrell, and Wiebe (2011) study and answer the following questions.
1. What are the independent or predictor variables included in Table 4 in the Houck et al. (2011) study?
2. What is the dependent variable being predicted in Table 4?
3. What type of analysis was conducted to predict the children and adolescents with ADHD self-concept scores from their behavior problem scores? Was this type of analysis appropriate? Provide a rationale for your answer.
4. What was used to determine the significance of the regression analysis? What were the results for the significant independent variable in this analysis?
5. What was the percentage of variance explained by the regression analysis presented in Table 4?
6. What are the independent or predictor variables included in Table 5 in the Houck et al. (2011) study?
7. What is the dependent variable being predicted in Table 5?
8. What independent variables were significant in predicting self-concept in Table 5? What were the results for the significant independent variables in this regression analysis?

: Discuss the following correlational results from a current research article. Identify the strength (weak, moderate, or strong) of the relationships, the directions of the relationships (positive or negative), and significance of the relationships, assuming a level of significance set at α = 0.05.
Correlational Research Article: Dickson, V. V., Howe, A., Deal, J., & McCarthy, M. M. (2012). The relationships of work, self-care, and quality of life in a sample of older working adults with cardiovascular disease. Heart & Lung, 41(1), 5-14.
“The purpose of this study was to examine the self-care behaviors of adherence to medication, diet, exercise, and symptom monitoring of older workers with CVD [cardiovascular disease], and explore the relationships among job characteristics (job demands, job control, and workplace support), self-care, and quality of life” (Dickson et al., 2012, p. 7).
1. “People with higher levels of physical functioning reported better adherence [to medication, diet restrictions, exercise, and symptom monitoring] (r = 0.281, p = 0.002)” (Dickson et al., 2012, p. 9).
a. Strength of the relationship?
b. Direction of the relationship?
c. Significance of the relationship?
2. “Increased psychologic job demands were negatively associated with adherence (r = -0.31, p = 0.002)” (Dickson et al., 2012, p. 9).
a. Strength of the relationship?
b. Direction of the relationship?
c. Significance of the relationship?
3. “Better adherence was reported by those with increased job control (r = 0.244, p = 0.016)” (Dickson et al., 2012, p. 9).
a. Strength of the relationship?
b. Direction of the relationship?
c. Significance of the relationship?
4. “There was a significance correlation of the SCHDI [Self-Care of Heart Disease Index] maintenance scale and the Specific Adherence Survey (r = 0.641, p = 0.001)” (Dickson et al., 2012, p. 9).
a. Strength of the relationship?

b. Direction of the relationship?

c. Significance of the relationship?

Directions: Review the Kravits, McAllister-Black, Grant, and Kirk (2010) quasi-experimental study that focused on the effect of a psycho-educational intervention on stress reduction and prevention of burnout in nurses. Answer the following questions related to the analyses conducted to address the following hypothesis:
“1.1 The structure and content of this program will reduce EE [emotional exhaustion] and, as a result, reduce feelings of DP [depersonalization], and enhance feelings of PA [perceptions of personal accomplishment]” (Kravits et al., 2010, p. 132).

1. Kravits et al. (2010, p. 133) measured burnout using the Maslach Burnout Inventory—Human Services Survey (MBI-HSS). The MBI-HSS is a 22-item scale that was used to measure the three components of burnout: EE, DP, and PA. “Items are scaled from 0 to 6 with 0 = never and 6 = every day.” This is a Likert scale and these types of scale produce data that are usually considered at what level of measurement?
a. Nominal b. Ordinal c. Interval/ratio

2. The nurses were pretested and posttested using the subscales of EE, DP, and PA for measuring burnout. The pretest and posttest scores were examined for differences to determine if these scores changed following the implementation of the psycho-educational intervention. Are these groups independent or dependent? Provide a rationale for your answer.

3. What type of analysis test was used to determine differences in EE, DP, and PA for the nurses before and after the psycho-educational intervention? Was this analysis appropriate? Provide a rationale for your response.

4. What was the result of the comparison of the nurses’ EE scores pre- and postintervention? Was the result statistically significant?

5. What was the result of the comparison of the nurses’ DP scores pre- and postintervention? Was the result statistically significant?

6. What was the result of the comparison of the nurses’ PA scores pre- and postintervention? Was the result statistically significant?

7. Do these results support the hypothesis? Should the hypothesis be accepted or rejected?

 

 

 

Sample Solution

Sample solution

Dante Alighieri played a critical role in the literature world through his poem Divine Comedy that was written in the 14th century. The poem contains Inferno, Purgatorio, and Paradiso. The Inferno is a description of the nine circles of torment that are found on the earth. It depicts the realms of the people that have gone against the spiritual values and who, instead, have chosen bestial appetite, violence, or fraud and malice. The nine circles of hell are limbo, lust, gluttony, greed and wrath. Others are heresy, violence, fraud, and treachery. The purpose of this paper is to examine the Dante’s Inferno in the perspective of its portrayal of God’s image and the justification of hell. 

In this epic poem, God is portrayed as a super being guilty of multiple weaknesses including being egotistic, unjust, and hypocritical. Dante, in this poem, depicts God as being more human than divine by challenging God’s omnipotence. Additionally, the manner in which Dante describes Hell is in full contradiction to the morals of God as written in the Bible. When god arranges Hell to flatter Himself, He commits egotism, a sin that is common among human beings (Cheney, 2016). The weakness is depicted in Limbo and on the Gate of Hell where, for instance, God sends those who do not worship Him to Hell. This implies that failure to worship Him is a sin.

God is also depicted as lacking justice in His actions thus removing the godly image. The injustice is portrayed by the manner in which the sodomites and opportunists are treated. The opportunists are subjected to banner chasing in their lives after death followed by being stung by insects and maggots. They are known to having done neither good nor bad during their lifetimes and, therefore, justice could have demanded that they be granted a neutral punishment having lived a neutral life. The sodomites are also punished unfairly by God when Brunetto Lattini is condemned to hell despite being a good leader (Babor, T. F., McGovern, T., & Robaina, K. (2017). While he commited sodomy, God chooses to ignore all the other good deeds that Brunetto did.

Finally, God is also portrayed as being hypocritical in His actions, a sin that further diminishes His godliness and makes Him more human. A case in point is when God condemns the sin of egotism and goes ahead to commit it repeatedly. Proverbs 29:23 states that “arrogance will bring your downfall, but if you are humble, you will be respected.” When Slattery condemns Dante’s human state as being weak, doubtful, and limited, he is proving God’s hypocrisy because He is also human (Verdicchio, 2015). The actions of God in Hell as portrayed by Dante are inconsistent with the Biblical literature. Both Dante and God are prone to making mistakes, something common among human beings thus making God more human.

To wrap it up, Dante portrays God is more human since He commits the same sins that humans commit: egotism, hypocrisy, and injustice. Hell is justified as being a destination for victims of the mistakes committed by God. The Hell is presented as being a totally different place as compared to what is written about it in the Bible. As a result, reading through the text gives an image of God who is prone to the very mistakes common to humans thus ripping Him off His lofty status of divine and, instead, making Him a mere human. Whether or not Dante did it intentionally is subject to debate but one thing is clear in the poem: the misconstrued notion of God is revealed to future generations.

 

References

Babor, T. F., McGovern, T., & Robaina, K. (2017). Dante’s inferno: Seven deadly sins in scientific publishing and how to avoid them. Addiction Science: A Guide for the Perplexed, 267.

Cheney, L. D. G. (2016). Illustrations for Dante’s Inferno: A Comparative Study of Sandro Botticelli, Giovanni Stradano, and Federico Zuccaro. Cultural and Religious Studies4(8), 487.

Verdicchio, M. (2015). Irony and Desire in Dante’s” Inferno” 27. Italica, 285-297.