Dictators, Democrats and Dreamers

1) The transfer of sovereignty from the Netherlands to Indonesia in December 1949 was primarily due to which of these factors: the Japanese Occupation, the efforts of Indonesian politicians and diplomats, the efforts of the Indonesian army? Explain your answer. (Feel free to consider other factors in your answer.) 2) Indonesian ‘remembering’ of the Japanese Occupation and Revolution has been distorted by the desires of successive regimes to present only a sanitised version of​‌‌‌‌‍‌‍‌‍‌‌‌‍‌‍‌‍‍‌​ the independence struggle. Do you agree? Explain your answer. 3) Parliamentary Democracy in the 1950s died a ‘natural death’ because Sukarno’s claim that democracy is an alien ideology unsuited to Indonesia is true, and for the same reason democracy is doomed to fail in contemporary Indonesia. Do you agree? Explain your answer. 4) Guided Democracy was not a ‘dictatorship supported by certain groups’ as Hatta called it, but a genuine attempt to construct a united nation and to solve national problems in difficult circumstances. Do you agree? Explain your answer. 5) A long trail of events and circumstances were responsible for the killings in Indonesia in 1965-66, not Suharto and the army. Do you agree? Explain your answer. 6) In reference to the events associated with the action by the 30 September Movement and its defeat, Sukarno’s acronym ‘Gestok’, is more historically accurate than Suharto’s acronym ‘Gestapu. Do you agree? Explain your answer. 7) The state-constructed history of ‘the coup’ and killings of the md 1960s is more about forgetting than it is about remembering. For the same reason most Indonesians still cling to it. Do you agree? Explain your answer. 8) The political success of the New Order was primarily due to the political skills of Suharto. Similarly, its demise is due to his political miscalculations. Do ​‌‌‌‌‍‌‍‌‍‌‌‌‍‌‍‌‍‍‌​you agree? Explain your answer.



Sample Solution