What are differences in a top-down budget and a bottom-up budget? What are the advantages and disadvantages of each? Within a budget define a line item, responsibility center. What is a direct cost? Indirect cost? Fixed Cost? What does Break-even mean?
a financed administration, principally went for the poor masses, and the M II-Motorway, a venture at first idea of providing food for the world class would be intriguing to look at two government ventures went for altogether extraordinary financial sections of society and distinguishing the similitudes regarding production of open worth and if the tasks would be sufficiently practical to support the equivalent in longer run. In this manner, the announcement of the issue here is: "Motorway Project M-II and Metro Bus administration are government ventures planned for giving quick transportation administrations to the overall population. Be that as it may, while one was at first and even today touted by some to be another unneeded office for the rich and world class, the Metro Bus venture has by and large been hailed as a legislative accomplishment in regards to its support of the under advantaged masses. Amusingly both the ventures have been considered and executed by the equivalent political government yet during various residencies. In this unique situation, it is extremely intriguing to think about and fundamentally assess both the undertakings regarding formation of open worth. My exploration would attempt to discover the response to the inquiry if two comparable government ventures went for various portions of society can figure out how to make open an incentive as far as its exemplary definition. In the event that indeed, by what means would that be able to be continued in the more extended run, and in the event that not, at that point I would attempt to investigate the reasons thereof. Noteworthiness and SCOPE OF STUDY In Pakistan, a creating nation and endlessly involved in political, social and monetary issues, administration had constantly held a question mark against its quality. Be it legislators, armed force rule or organization there have consistently been deliberate issue of administration conveyance ' low quality, low execution, constrained responsiveness and powerless responsibility. The issue of administration conveyance doesn't result from budgetary asset imperatives and locative wasteful aspects, yet in addition from bureaucratic and hierarchical setting. With regards to instruction for all and wellbeing, if the Millennium Development Goals are to be accomplished, the issues in the administration conveyance are to be recognized and tended to yet continued o>GET ANSWER