Read the article below by Susan D. Blum on plagiarism and academic integrity.
Blum, Susan D. “Academic Integrity and Student Plagiarism: a Question of Education, Not Ethics.” The Chronicle of Higher Education. 20 Feb. 2009. www.chronicle.com/article/Academic-IntegrityStudent/32323
(Links to an external site.)
Links to an external site.
. Accessed 18 Aug. 2019.
Also read William Badke’s discussion (our textbook) on plagiarism on pages 236-241.
Answer the questions below in paragraph form, using correct spelling and grammar. Your thoughtful answer should be about 250-300 words (approximately two paragraphs in length) on your perspective on the topic.
The majority of your comments should reflect your own ideas, but you should refer to specific information or arguments found in the article. (You may use additional outside sources as well, but you are not required to.) Whenever you include someone else’s ideas or information, you must cite the source of those ideas, whether you quote directly or paraphrase from the source.
For this discussion, an in text citation is sufficient when you use ideas from the article linked above. When you use ideas from any other source, you should include both an in text citation and a full citation at the end of your essay.
As a student, what is your perspective on plagiarism?
- Do you think plagiarism is wrong? Why or why not? Is plagiarism only an academic crime, if not can you think of an example of plagiarism outside academia?(4 points)
- What should be the consequences when a student is caught plagiarizing? Should a the student fail the class or receive a failing grade for that specific assignment only? Have you read Taft College’s Academic Integrity Policy? If so, when? (2 points)
- Have any of your teachers/instructors through assignments or activities helped you understand plagiarism and how to avoid it? (2 points)
- What do you think are the best ways that schools can reduce plagiarism and encourage academic honesty? (2 points)
- What recommendations does William Badke in our textbook have to avoid plagiarism? Based on one of the websites -from Rutgers University (this is a URL link which you will have to type in your browser), page 241-what is self-plagiarism and is it acceptable and what are your thoughts on self-plagiarism? (3 points)
Answer the questions below from the textbook or/and other sources. Ensure to utilizing the formatting examples provided. Your responses to these questions should be typed, with your response for each question no longer than 150 words in length. Double-spacing requirements apply, and you must cite any sources used in your responses.
- Describe Federalism in detail and give examples.
- Describe in detail the Federal Supremacy clause in the constitution.
- Who has the burden of proof in a criminal trial? What legal standard must be met
and what is the outcome when the legal standard is not met?
- What is Preponderance of Evidence and in what type of cases is generally utilized?
- Explain in detail what the difference is between Direct Evidence and
Circumstantial Evidence? Give examples.
Review the case of United States v. Arizona as it applies to the supremacy of Federal law in regards to immigration. https://www.oyez.org/cases/2011/11-182
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Review the case of Reno v. Condon Link
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as it applies to Federalism. Focus on the courts determination regarding what the states need or need not to do.
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Review California Senate Bill-54, Section 2, Government Code Sections 7282.5 and 7284.6? https://leginfo.legislature.ca.gov/faces/billNavClient.xhtml?bill_id=201720180SB54
(Links to an external site.)
Based on your readings in Chapter 2 and the case law discuss the following
- Is California legally obligated to assist the Federal Government with immigration enforcement? Explain your answer.
Conceptual Sight and sound information, expanding in the advanced period since interactive media are the significant wellspring of data. Interactive media information required stockpiling limit and transmission transfer speed. These components we requirement for mixed media pressure strategy. Uncompressed information required more stockpiling and transmission data transfer capacity then again, we have constrained stockpiling limit and transmission capacity. In any case, improving in pressure systems, take care of this issue. The essential focal point of this paper to detail investigation of pressure strategies. Watchwords Pressure, Decompression, Discrete Cosine Transform (DCT), Discrete Wevelet Tranfrom (DWT), Finite Ridgilet Transform (FRT), Image, Lossless,Lossy pressure. I. Presentation The significant purpose behind applying the pressure procedures on information. We can lessen, capacity prerequisite, preparing time, and transmission length. Pressure enables a progressively productive intends to spare memory limit and transmission data transfer capacity and furthermore the transmission term. During the previous years as thought about the contributed of pressure the way that these days pressure innovation assumes a significant job in our life since it change the method for chipping away at sight and sound as picture, video, content, sound, discourse and so forth . The fundamental motivation behind pressure is that we can shaft information with negligible number of numbers as per human visual discernment (HVP) . An advanced picture has information contain are excess and insignificant data. For lessening repetition we simply center around expelling replication from the wellspring of the picture then again, information signals which is discarded from source evacuate that sign isn't gotten by the recipient, for example, human visual discernment (HVP) is called immateriality decrease. Dispensing with the excess data from the picture sparing of extra room of a picture. The measure of advanced information and goals expanding step by step since standard diminishes information, different measures of information standard like MPEG-4, MPEG-7 and MPEG-21 after extra functionalities . The three fundamental information excess to be specific spatial repetition, which is characterized spatial lessening picture size by utilizing fewer bits and furthermore connection between's neighbor pixel esteems, Spectral repetition, Spectral which characterizing relationship between's various shading, Temporal excess, which is characterizing connection between's various casing in grouping of picture . The pressure methods, plan for future difficulties and advance application for sight and sound and correspondence framework. There are a few pressure methods, however the principle two classes are lossless and lossy pressure procedures. Lossless pressure there is no loss of data from picture. Lossless gives 100% recuperation information from the first information then again the lossy pressure system gives a high pressure proportion [5-9]. Figure 1: Research Trends of Multimedia Compression Techniques . II. Pressure ALGORETHM Advanced picture pressure is the significant research territories due to ceaselessly expanding different applications in various fields. This Section audit the advanced pressure calculation. A LOSSLESS COMPRESSION TECHNIQUE The need of lossless pressure methods is required in numerous applications such in therapeutic information there were no loss of data. Lossless pressure diminishes extra room without debasing picture and time required for computational will likewise diminish. The Lossless picture pressure calculation for various application like restorative picture, Lossless interframe coding for X-ray picture, Ultersounsd picture, Capsule Endoscopy (CE) picture . The various methods that are utilized in lossless pressure are Huffman coding, Shanan Fano Coding, Run Length Coding, Arithmatic Coding, Golomb Coding and Symbol-base Coding. Word reference Algorithm, for example, LWZ, Area Coding, Bit plane Coding, Byte Pair Coding, Lossless Predictive Coding, Predictive Partial Matching act . B LOSSY COMPRESSION TECHNIQUE The lossy pressure procedures give the high pressure proportion then lossless, however the loss of information when contrasted with lossless pressure. Lossy pressure comprises of three sections. The first is a change which gives a high pressure proportion, the subsequent part is quantization, which is diminished an image of bit speak to the picture, gives key issue which recognizes lossy or lossless pressure strategies. Toward the end utilized pressure of entropy encoding . Figure 2: Example of Lossy Compression Technique III. DISCRETE COSINE TRANSFROM Discrete cosine change generally appropriate for medicinal picture pressure. A discrete cosine change (DCT) is a succession of limited information point in term of the aggregate by cosine work at various frequencies . The two dimensional DCT is the pith of most well known lossy computerized pressure framework today . Figure 3: Example of Discrete Cosine Transform. IV. 3D-DISCRETE COSINE 3D-DCT is utilized in picture and video pressure technique for both JPEG and MPEG however these strategies are not lossless. The three dimensional discrete cosine change is utilized to create an unearthly recurrence range . V. Picture COMPRESSION USING NEURAL NETWORK A neural system picture pressure pursues the accompanying advances: store the shading picture for moderate size; for deteriorating the discrete wavelet change is utilized to the picture for acquiring appromaxtion coefficient; for bit stream Huffman coding is utilized to pack picture; by turn around process we get recreation. VI. DISCRETE WAVELET TRANSFROM Discrete Wavelet Transform is applied on de-clamor picture. Limited Ridgelet Transform (FDT) is utilized to get wavelet coefficient; packed picture of diminished measured is gotten; decompression is finished by applying a reverse Finite Ridgelet Transform (FRT) and Discrete Wavelet Transform (DWT) and the first picture is acquired without loss of information . This new system for picture pressure give benefits for medicinal applications. Decreasing computational multifaceted nature, mean square blunder, high pressure proportion and better proficiency are gotten. The means are: changed over information picture 256??256;converted RGB to dark; the third step is include extraction is done; input picture information is divided and changed to a lot of highlights; for last stage decompressed picture twofold unraveling is actualized . VII. Writing REVIEW The writing study in the field of information pressure are given underneath. In , the creator introduced vector quantization based picture pressure procedure. It can generously improve the nature of vector quantization (VQ) compacted picture. The vector quantization plot is a lossy picture pressure for grayscale pictures. VC comprises of three head, codebook age, picture encoding and picture interpreting. In , the creator displayed a lossless pressure conspire for paired picture. This strategy comprises of two stages: first encode paired picture utilizing an encoding technique than encode picture information. Second is compacting the encoded information. In , the creator displayed strategy which is called five modulus technique (shorty FFM) is comprised of separating pictures into square 8*8 pixel each. We should realized every pixel is a number b/w 0 to 255 for each of RGB cluster. After that the worth could be isolated by 5 to get another worth. Here we have another equation to change any number in the range 0-255 into a number that when isolated by 5 the appropriate response is continually lying b/w 0-4. In , the creator displayed a two dimensional differencing activity is first applied to picture. The distinction picture is sectioned and characterized all dark or all white or blended squares and gathering into a non covering area of all white and blended squares. non-covering area of the blended square spoke to variable size division and coding plan. In , the creator displayed a coding and deciphering calculation utilizing a Matlab programming is called Huffman coding plan. They compacted picture by lessening a piece for every pixel as required an agent picture. Picture is recreated by utilizing the unraveling calculation of Huffman method. In , the creator exhibited Huffman coding procedures is utilized to pack documents for transmission utilized measurable coding, Author said that Huffman coding is a the most much of the time utilized images have shorter code word. Utilized for transmission a book and fax application that utilized Sarvel information structures. LWZ and Huffman, both utilized for compacted documents, however LWZ takes increasingly computational time along these lines Huffman used to like. Huffman coding didn't function admirably when the picture is shaped in parallel than LWZ is utilized on the grounds that this time gave a superior pressure proportion. In , the creators introduced another method which is utilized by the lossless grayscale picture. This strategy work in two phases, first: examine the arrangement of model parameter along these lines that the diminish the length of the encoded picture. Second: second stage the coding stage is utilized to do the real encoding. In , the creator displayed presented another strategy for picture pressure, which is a mix of three strategies, to be specific as cryptography, multipath calculation and steganography. These three are consolidated together along a Huffman calculation to scramble a picture in an effective manner. By utilizing Huffman the fragmented picture documents are joined. We divided the whole fragmented picture to pack into a solitary picture. In , the creator exhibited a bi-level picture pressure methods utilizing neural system. The multilayer perceptron neural system is applied that picture pixel area. For encoded Huffman is utilized to encode and put away the compacted picture. The creation of this new strategy turns out the pixel force 0 or 1. In , the creator introduced another idea for content compression.Transforming content character into a flood of words isn't a simple procedure. This procedure handles somewhat level as each character has its particular double introduction. In , the creator introduced>GET ANSWER