HI6005 Discussion Board –
Week1 In your blog, you should address the following two sections: (1)
Section 1: list the key ideas you have extracted from the prescribed e-learning activity. (2)
Section 2: apply those ideas to your own experience, to an organisation you know and to the topic(s) of this subject. Visit the following URLs, and use ‘Questions to consider’ to guide your thinking.
Activity 1: Ford and Taylorism URL: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8PdmNbqtDdI Questions to consider:
1. Would workers in Australia, America or Europe accept the Taylorism in this form today?
2. Consider the design of scripts for use in Call Centres, can you see Taylorism in that? Explain.
3. This ‘clip’ is showing history from 100 years ago. Some would say that ‘the world has moved on’ and these ideas are out of date. However, could there be parts of the world today for which these ideas might be just what they need? Explain. Discussion Board HI6005 Discussion Board – Week 2 In your blog, you should address the following two sections: (1) Section 1: list the key ideas you have extracted from the prescribed e-learning activity. (2) Section 2: apply those ideas to your own experience, to an organisation you know and to the topic(s) of this subject. Visit the following URLs, and use ‘Questions to consider’ to guide your thinking. Activity 1: Thomas Friedman on Globalisation; 3 Eras of Globalisation; World is flat URL: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lp4znWHvsjU https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oM2BguxRSyY Questions to consider: 1. What would be some of the key drawbacks or risks of living in the flat world of Globalisation 3.0 as Friedman describes it? 2. Do you agree with Friedman’s iron rule of the flat world? Explain. 3. Is the level of globalisation uniform across the world? Explain. Activity 2: Pankaj Ghemawat on Globalisation URL: https://www.ted.com/talks/pankaj_ghemawat_actually_the_world_isn_t_flat.html Questions to consider: 1. Has your view on globalisation changed after listening to Professor Ghemawat? Explain. 2. Consider where you have seen the fears that people have about globalisation. Do you think these fears may subside with some data points that may suggest otherwise? Activity 3: Online tool to explore different countries’ 5 dimensions by Hofstede URL: https://geert-hofstede.com/countries.html Questions to consider: 1. How does the Australian culture compare to other world cultures (eg. Your home country or other countries that you have visited)? 2. Do you agree with the survey results for the Australian culture? Why or why not? Activity 4: ‘The myth of national culture’ – Counter argument to Hofstede’s work by Professor Brendan McSweeney at Royal Holloway, University of London URL: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=u_l84Dj2eXY Questions to consider: 1. Do you agree with Professor McSweeney’s view on national cultures? Why or why not? After viewing the survey result done by Hofstede on your home country, who do you think offers a more compelling argument on national cultures? Can a single culture be used to determine the actions of entire population? Activity 5: ‘ Riding the waves of culture’ – Talk given by Fons Trompenaars at TEDxAmsterdam URL: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hmyfjKjcbm0 Questions to consider: 1. Consider your experience with cultural conflict or culture shock. What were the different viewpoints that you had to reconcile? And how did you overcome the differences? 2. What would be the benefits of connecting different viewpoints as Trompenaar suggests? Activity 6: ‘Building a cross-cultural web design for a wider audience’ (Christian Arno in Design on 22nd Jun 2010) URL: https://www.onextrapixel.com/2010/06/22/building-a-cross-cultural-web-design-for-a-wider-audience/ Questions to consider: 1. Can the concept of High and Low Context cultures be applied to other areas of business? – marketing and advertising, PR, customer and supplier relationship management, etc. Discussion Board HI6005 Discussion Board – Week 4 In your blog, you should address the following two sections: 1) Section 1: list the key ideas you have extracted from the prescribed e-learning activity. 2) Section 2: apply those ideas to your own experience, to an organisation you know and to the topic(s) of this subject. Visit the following URLs, and use ‘Questions to consider’ to guide your thinking. Activity 1: Structure and strategy URL: BCG’s Yves Morieux view on Organisation Designx https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jm7d1dzOKmw Questions to consider: Yves Morieux claims that structure follows strategy. Is this always the case? Activity 2: Holacracy URL: Zappos just abolished bosses. Inside tech’s latest management craze. https://www.vox.com/2014/7/11/5876235/silicon-valleys-latest-management-craze-holacracy-explained Questions to consider: What’s your understanding of holacracy? How would you describe it compared to bureaucracy and team-based structure? Discuss how Contingency Factors of Organisational Design are at work in the case of Zappos? In what ways do you think innovative culture is related to (agile) organisational structure? Discussion Board HI6005 Discussion Board – Week 5 In your blog, you should address the following two sections: 1) Section 1: list the key ideas you have extracted from the prescribed e-learning activity. 2) Section 2: apply those ideas to your own experience, to an organisation you know and to the topic(s) of this subject. Visit the following URLs, and use ‘Questions to consider’ to guide your thinking. Activity 1: The Milgram Experiment URL: (1) Milgram Experiment – https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BcvSNg0HZwk (2) Milgram Experiment replicated in Australia (Psychology study by La Trobe University in the 1970s) – https://www.abc.net.au/7.30/content/2012/s3489852.htm Questions to consider: To what extent would you be capable of inflicting real pain (physical, mental and/or emotional) on another human being? Activity 2: Solomon Asch and Group Conformity URL: (1) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NyDDyT1lDhA; (2) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uuvGh_n3I_M Questions to consider: Does your own personal decision-making always reflect an objective process? Does the desire to be accepted as a part of a group leave one susceptible to conforming to the group’s norms? Identify and discuss situational factors that can enable a group to exert pressure strong enough to change a member’s attitude and behaviour. Discussion Board HI6005 Discussion Board – Week 6 In your blog, you should address the following two sections: 1) Section 1: list the key ideas you have extracted from the prescribed e-learning activity. 2) Section 2: apply those ideas to your own experience, to an organisation you know and to the topic(s) of this subject. Visit the following URLs, and use ‘Questions to consider’ to guide your thinking. Activity 1: Linear Programming Word Problem URL: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2ACJ9ewUC6U Questions to consider: What insights into rational decision making approach can you draw from this video? What would be the limitations of linear programming? In what kinds of situation could the linear programming be useful to decision making? Discussion Board HI6005 Discussion Board – Week 7 In your blog, you should address the following two sections: 1) Section 1: list the key ideas you have extracted from the prescribed e-learning activity. 2) Section 2: apply those ideas to your own experience, to an organisation you know and to the topic(s) of this subject. Visit the following URLs, and use ‘Questions to consider’ to guide your thinking. Activity 1: Management by Objectives (Prof. Fredmund Malik) URL: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CX7m8J-rGDc Questions to consider: Do you agree with Prof Malik’s views on objectives and planning? Why or why not? Activity 2: PERT URL: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DdDzybQ_9vM (Watch only the first 15:40 for Critical Path Method) Questions to consider: From watching the video clip, can you identify the benefits of using critical path for planning?

Sample Solution

Sample solution

Dante Alighieri played a critical role in the literature world through his poem Divine Comedy that was written in the 14th century. The poem contains Inferno, Purgatorio, and Paradiso. The Inferno is a description of the nine circles of torment that are found on the earth. It depicts the realms of the people that have gone against the spiritual values and who, instead, have chosen bestial appetite, violence, or fraud and malice. The nine circles of hell are limbo, lust, gluttony, greed and wrath. Others are heresy, violence, fraud, and treachery. The purpose of this paper is to examine the Dante’s Inferno in the perspective of its portrayal of God’s image and the justification of hell. 

In this epic poem, God is portrayed as a super being guilty of multiple weaknesses including being egotistic, unjust, and hypocritical. Dante, in this poem, depicts God as being more human than divine by challenging God’s omnipotence. Additionally, the manner in which Dante describes Hell is in full contradiction to the morals of God as written in the Bible. When god arranges Hell to flatter Himself, He commits egotism, a sin that is common among human beings (Cheney, 2016). The weakness is depicted in Limbo and on the Gate of Hell where, for instance, God sends those who do not worship Him to Hell. This implies that failure to worship Him is a sin.

God is also depicted as lacking justice in His actions thus removing the godly image. The injustice is portrayed by the manner in which the sodomites and opportunists are treated. The opportunists are subjected to banner chasing in their lives after death followed by being stung by insects and maggots. They are known to having done neither good nor bad during their lifetimes and, therefore, justice could have demanded that they be granted a neutral punishment having lived a neutral life. The sodomites are also punished unfairly by God when Brunetto Lattini is condemned to hell despite being a good leader (Babor, T. F., McGovern, T., & Robaina, K. (2017). While he commited sodomy, God chooses to ignore all the other good deeds that Brunetto did.

Finally, God is also portrayed as being hypocritical in His actions, a sin that further diminishes His godliness and makes Him more human. A case in point is when God condemns the sin of egotism and goes ahead to commit it repeatedly. Proverbs 29:23 states that “arrogance will bring your downfall, but if you are humble, you will be respected.” When Slattery condemns Dante’s human state as being weak, doubtful, and limited, he is proving God’s hypocrisy because He is also human (Verdicchio, 2015). The actions of God in Hell as portrayed by Dante are inconsistent with the Biblical literature. Both Dante and God are prone to making mistakes, something common among human beings thus making God more human.

To wrap it up, Dante portrays God is more human since He commits the same sins that humans commit: egotism, hypocrisy, and injustice. Hell is justified as being a destination for victims of the mistakes committed by God. The Hell is presented as being a totally different place as compared to what is written about it in the Bible. As a result, reading through the text gives an image of God who is prone to the very mistakes common to humans thus ripping Him off His lofty status of divine and, instead, making Him a mere human. Whether or not Dante did it intentionally is subject to debate but one thing is clear in the poem: the misconstrued notion of God is revealed to future generations.

 

References

Babor, T. F., McGovern, T., & Robaina, K. (2017). Dante’s inferno: Seven deadly sins in scientific publishing and how to avoid them. Addiction Science: A Guide for the Perplexed, 267.

Cheney, L. D. G. (2016). Illustrations for Dante’s Inferno: A Comparative Study of Sandro Botticelli, Giovanni Stradano, and Federico Zuccaro. Cultural and Religious Studies4(8), 487.

Verdicchio, M. (2015). Irony and Desire in Dante’s” Inferno” 27. Italica, 285-297.