1. What reasons do Todaro and Smith offer for the technological stagnation of peasant agriculture?
2. Briefly state the economic and noneconomic arguments in favour of land reform in Latin America and the Caribbean.
3. What is comprehensive, or integrated, rural development?
4. a. What are the main arguments of the trade optimists? Is this position supported by the data?
b. Why did import-substituting industrialization fail so often?
5. Explain how South Korea combined an active industrial policy with export promotion.
The exacting significance of identity springs from the Latin word 'persona', the veil utilized by roman theater performers. identity alludes to our attributes manners by which of reacting to individuals and things. Identity is described by the ensuing highlights:- it has both physical and mental parts. Its demeanor regarding conduct is genuinely particular in an exceedingly given person. Its primary alternatives don't just adjustment with time. it's dynamic inside the feeling that some of its alternatives could change because of inner or outside situational requests. Meanings of identity While there are numerous elective speculations of identity, the essential advance is to know particularly what's implied by the term identity. The word identity itself originates from the Latin word persona, that alluded to a dramatic cover work by entertainers in order to either extend entirely unexpected jobs or mask their personalities. A concise definition would be that identity is made from the trademark examples of considerations, sentiments and practices that make somebody exceptional. furthermore identity, identity emerges from inside the individual and remains genuinely predictable all through life. Some different meanings of disposition as given by a few therapists seem to be: • "Identity alludes to people's trademark examples of thought, feeling, and conduct, close by the mental instruments — covered up or not — behind those examples. This definition implies among their partners in various subfields of science, those therapists United Nations organization ponder demeanor have a novel command: to illuminate entire people." (Funder, D. C., 1997) • "Albeit no single definition is reasonable to all or any identity scholars, we will state that personality could be an example of nearly perpetual attributes and unmistakable qualities that offer every consistency and singularity to a person's conduct." (Feist and mongrel, 2009) Parts of personality So what particularly makes up an identity? As portrayed inside the definitions higher than, one would expect that attributes and examples of thought and feeling outline a significant half. some of the other fundamental attributes of personality include: Consistency – there's commonly an unmistakable request and normality to practices. fundamentally, people act inside a similar manners by which or comparative manners by which in an exceedingly style of things. Mental and physiological – disposition could be a mental develop, anyway investigation proposes that it's conjointly impacted by organic procedures and wishes. It impacts practices and activities – personality doesn't just impact anyway we tend to move and react in our condition; it conjointly makes North American nation act in bound manners by which. Various articulations – disposition is shown in extra than just conduct. It might be found in our considerations, emotions, close connections and diverse social cooperations. Hypotheses OF demeanor Identity contains a long history extending from mathematician, Plato, Aristotle, solon and fluctuated diverse logicians and essayists. Plato Plato (427– 347 BCE) plot the human spirit in light of the fact that the seat of disposition. with regards to logician the spirit comprises of 3 fundamental powers managing human conduct: reason, feeling, and appetence. Reason is given the plain best cost since it keeps the extra crude powers of appetence and feeling treed though feeling and especially appetence zone unit considered the "bring down interests." Aristotle Aristotle (384– 322 BCE), one in everything about understudies and furthermore the instructor of Alexander the great, noted human spirit in light of the fact that the mind. Aristotle anticipated that the mind is that the result of natural procedures. He moreover observed the mind as and also an accumulation of resources that he put amid a chain of command of significance. the elementary school that Aristotle recognized is that the nutritive—the human creature's essential drives to satisfy its substantial wants. This school is found in plants further as in creatures and other individuals. progressive and better school is that the tactile action, that scholar sketched out on the grounds that the feature of mind that deciphers tangible data. Creatures further as people have a tangible movement school. The last and most astounding school is that the intelligent person, that savant saw as unmistakable to friends and relatives. Descartes As indicated by René mathematician (1596– 1650), a French scholar, human disposition is that the result of the association of celestial and primal powers. He saw the fundamental power behind human personality in light of the fact that the interminable soul—unadulterated, impeccable, and impalpable. mathematician began to clear up anyway this religious element connected with the material body. His perception of partner anatomical analyzation semiconductor diode him to assume he had settled this mind-body drawback. He distinguished atiny low body inside the obvious focal point of the mind alluded to as the epiphysis cerebri or epiphysis cerebri, thusly named by the Greco-Roman MD Claudius I Galen (c. 130– c. two hundred CE) because of its shape helped him to remember a pine cone. Descartes(1649) arrived at the end that that this conelike endocrine organ ought to be the motivation behind contact between the spirit and furthermore the body. scholar philosophical framework, that will be that the philosophical position that 2 substances—matter and soul, or cerebrum related personality—exist severally of each unique however they interface—turned into the first basic read inside the Christian West when the seventeenth century because of it "clarified" the presence of human watchfulness and cognizance in a generally unthinking universe. Surely, before the presence of the pc, it showed up unrealistic to allow for cognizance while not engaging nonmaterial thoughts. Machiavelli Niccolò Machiavelli (1469– 1527), a Florentine representative and political scholar, trusted that personality is best comprehended in an exceedingly social setting. with regards to Machiavelli, people zone unit essentially pretentious, insatiable, selfish, and unforgiving. additionally, he saw 2 essential powers as process human character. the essential one is relate Italian term—virtù—which is best depicted as a blend of energy, valor, and confirmation. Machiavelli alluded to as the second power Fortuna, that will be that the Latin word for luckiness. somebody may turn into a hearty pioneer with the help of a legit measurement of virtù and Fortuna. with regards to him pioneers United Nations office carry on of graciousness and a trust the fundamental integrity of mankind can constantly fall flat. This conviction is normally communicated by present day people as "pleasant folks end last." There are wide range of hypotheses in regards to anyway disposition creates. entirely unexpected schools of thought in science impact a few of those speculations. Sort hypothesis of disposition Maybe the most punctual recognized hypothesis of demeanor is that of the Greek MD Hippocrates (c. 400 B.C.), United Nations organization described human conduct regarding 4 dispositions, each identified with an interesting cleverness, or "silliness." The hopeful, or idealistic, kind was identified with blood; the dispassionate kind (moderate and dormant) with mucus; the melancholic kind (pitiful, discouraged) with dark bile; and furthermore the irascible (furious) kind with natural liquid. Singular demeanor made up our brains by the quantity of everything about four humors. Hippocrates' framework stayed definitive in Western Europe all through the medieval and Renaissance periods. flourishing references to the four humors is found inside the plays of dramatist, and furthermore the terms with that Hippocrates labeled the four demeanor sorts territory unit still in like manner utilize these days. the possibility of personalities is among a spread of frameworks that impact human disposition by separating it into sorts. A wide advanced (yet experimentally questionable) stylish variety of personality was created inside the Nineteen Forties by William Sheldon, relate yank man of science. Sheldon characterized disposition into 3 classes upheld body composes: the somebody (substantial and nice), individual (solid and forceful), and individual (thin and scholarly or imaginative). Quality hypothesis of disposition A noteworthy shortcoming of Sheldon's morphological course of action and distinctive kind hypotheses for the most part is that the segment of distortion inborn in embeddings individuals into one class, that overlooks the undeniable reality that every personality speaks to a novel mix of characteristics. Frameworks that location disposition as a blend of characteristics or measurements territory unit alluded to as quality speculations. Understood quality scholarly Gordon Allport (1897-1967) widely examined the manners by which amid which characteristics blend to make conventional identities, classifying more than 18,000 separate attributes over a time of thirty years. He anticipated that each individual has around seven focal characteristics that overwhelm his or her conduct. Allport's duty to building characteristic investigation extra reasonable and accommodating by streamlining it had been extended by future analysts, United Nations organization discovered manners by which to group qualities into bunches through a technique alluded to as correlational examination. Raymond B. Cattell diminished Allport's top to bottom rundown to sixteen fundamental groups of between related attributes, and Eysenck asserted that demeanor can be portray bolstered 3 essential variables: psychoticism (such reprobate qualities as pitilessness and dismissal of social traditions), self preoccupation extroversion, and emotionality-dependability (additionally alluded to as neuroticism). Hans Jurgen Eysenck conjointly built up a quadrant bolstered crosswise over passionate steady and thoughtful outgoing tomahawks.>GET ANSWER