Eddie Embezzler has worked for Betty Boss for many years as an accountant. During his employment, Eddie has taken thousands of dollars from Betty’s business. As a result, Betty has suffered. Did Eddie violate a criminal law, a civil law, or both? Explain.
The Inter-American and African human rights instruments are having an ever-increasing role in protecting asylum seekers and refugees in those regions and have made important contributions in three main areas. Both provide for a right to seek and obtain asylum, offer complementary protection from refoulement, and lay out the standards of treatment for all people, including non-nationals. There is no denying that much progress has been made in both regions by treating refugee situation as a human rights issue. However, while African refugees – on paper – benefit from one of the world’s most progressive protection regimes, the framework itself is yet to develop a coherent policy on human rights for refugees, supported by relevant jurisdiction. While there has been no lack of resolutions and standards relating to the rights of refugees, there has been little interpretation and cross-referencing with international law. The human rights instruments in Africa are in effect playing catch up with the Inter-American system, which has ‘a clear strategy of harmonisation and standardisation of international law when besides the Declaration and the Convention they refer to the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees and its 1967 Protocol, the 1984 Cartagena Declaration, the Guiding Principles on Internally Displaced, the 1949 Geneva Conventions and their 1977 Optional Protocols, respectively in order to better protect refugees ’. In practice, while the African human rights system has much to offer those advocating better implementation of refugee rights, refugees nevertheless continue to face human rights violations including discrimination, forced return, arbitrary arrest and detention, restricted freedom of movement, and various violations of social and economic rights. A closer integration of various bodies under the auspices of African Union is needed, the mechanism for oversight of human rights for asylum seekers and refugees needs to be strengthened, and a set of coherent benchmarks needs to be set. One of the problems that both regional systems have in common is their sluggishness. Cases can take a long time to consider. In addition, both lack a proper mechanism to monitor the compliance of the States, making enforcement of implementation a massive issue.>GET ANSWER