Write a summary essay (a. 10 -12 pages) applying subject matter knowledge in an educational context and devising connections among experiences inside and outside the formal classroom, or connections among multiple fields of study. You may draw from your other writing for this course this term to complete this. NOTE: This must be submitted in a single file in the “Signature Assignment” section of Week Eight. Your essay should be in proper American Psychological Association (APA) 6th edition format. For reference you can link to the following from Purdue University’s Online Writing Lab (OWL) – https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/01/ . Your Application and Reflection Essay should be numbered and include all of the components below: 1. Title Page (separate page) 2. Introductory Abstract as per APA format (separate page) 3. Learning and Development (a. 500 words minimum): a. Why is it important to know about how children learn and develop? Discuss at least three important things about each. b. How will you apply this knowledge in an academic setting or with children (classroom, home-school, parenting etc.)? Provide detailed examples. 4. Subject Matter Knowledge (500 words minimum essay per each of the three current CSET California Testing Sub-set: subject areas): 1) Reading, Language and Literature, History and Social Science; 2) Natural Sciences and Mathematics; 3) Human Development, Physical Education and Visual and Performing Arts. In your response consider incorporating some answers to the following fundamental questions: a. What do you think are the most important things for students to know about this subject matter area and why? b. How do we get kids to “think” more like an expert in this content area? (i.e. Scientist? Mathematician? Artist? Historian? Writer?) c. How does this content area align to the preparation 21st century learners need, based on what you have learned in this class, program, and life? d. How does this content area interrelate with other subject matter areas? e. How is this content area applied in the real world? Provide at least three examples with details. f. How would you, personally, approach teaching this content in academic settings (classroom, homeschool, etc.) and why? What specific techniques or strategies will you use to help individuals learn about this content area? Provide detailed examples. 5. Personal Reflection on Teaching and Learning (a. 750 words minimum) a. Analyze how your own learning has changed over time, from childhood to present day. Consider the following questions: 1) What have some significant strengths and challenges been for you in regards to learning? 2) What have been some frustrations and how have you dealt with them? 3) What ethical considerations (or in-considerations) have you experienced? 4) How does understanding your own learning help you to focus on your teaching goals? b. Now that you have completed most of your content area coursework in the Multiple Subjects Teaching Program, discuss how your understanding of teaching, learning, and education has changed. Consider the following questions: 1) What do you now know and believe about learning, or how people learn, compared to what you believed before this program? 2) What do you now believe about teaching as a result of what you now believe about learning? 3) How did your personal understanding of the “purpose of education” change throughout this class and program? What did you once believe and what do you believe now? Why/How did it change? What effect does your new understanding have on other aspects of your career goals and life? 4) Has this program changed your views about the alternatives to the traditional classroom settings, such as home schools or charter schools? If so, how? If not, why not? 6. Works Cited/ References.
Speculations influence a few suppositions with a specific end goal to give a clarification of a given circumstance. A few creators, for example, James and Gilliland (2013) clarifies that the Eclectic Crisis Intervention Theory involves a purposeful and deliberate specifically coordinated substantial ideas and methodologies to help the casualties from various methodologies. This specific hypothesis starts filling in as an errand situated hypothesis, rather than utilizing ideas. A few noteworthy assignments distinguished in this hypothesis are: Recognize components in all frameworks and to coordinate them into an inside reliable entire giving a more exact behavioral information to be clarified. Think about every existent hypothesis, techniques, and norms for assessing and controlling clinical information as per the propelled learning of time and place. The need to relate to no particular hypothesis, with a receptive outlook and persistently explore different avenues regarding those plans and systems that deliver victories. This specific hypothesis incorporates two unavoidable topics. The first of those topic is that individuals and all emergencies are one of a kind and unmistakable, hence can apply to anybody and any sort of culture. Furthermore, all individuals and all emergencies are comparable. Consequently, James and Gilliland (2013) comprehends that these suppositions are viewed as fundamentally unrelated. The mixed approach, as per James and Gilliland (2013) give a chance to various methodologies and speculations, along these lines, it enables the chance of having the capacity to survey the casualty's needs with a specific end goal to apply and design the proper strategies customized to the individual. The advisor, then again, will go out on a limb and will have the eagerness to change a way to deal with another method regardless of whether the first had work. Be that as it may, the Interpersonal hypothesis fundamentally clarifies that individuals can not manage an individual condition of an emergency for long, in the event that they truly trust in themselves and in others. Having certainty, the individual will end up self-completed and defeat the emergency (James and Gilliland, 2013). Crandall, Parnell and Spillan (2014) clarified that the principal objective of the emergency administration group, CMT is to prepare for potential emergencies and deal with those emergencies that in the long run happen. In this manner, it will be viewed in three perspectives, emergency reaction associations and survey their connection between associations. Moral and legitimate difficulties. Crandall, Parnell and Spillan (2014) gave a comprehension of the significance of moral and legitimate duties and difficulties when managing associations and their social obstructions. The moral culture of the associations the greater part of time is being imperfect in light of the exploitative conduct performed by its representatives, and paying little heed to their composed code of morals. For instance, improbable objectives of associations, may lead workers to farfetched basic leadership. In this manner, representatives may feel, that they ought to cause in unscrupulous conduct to get the objective by undermining hierarchical strategies (Crandall, Parnell and Spillan, 2014). Then again, moral gauges are not considered to have legitimate weight just, as indicated by James and Gilliland (2013); despite the fact that these benchmarks issues are centered more around directing codes of behaviors to the calling. Infringement of these codes can and will lead any expert to be rebuke or may lose their permit commanded by the calling's morals board. As per Reyes and Jacobs (2006) clarified that the procedure facilitates and conquer multicultural hindrances and difficulties, for example, dialect, convictions, coordinations, and manageability. Moreover, it might decrease allegations of social heartlessness. A case of this might be think about when as an association does not faith in noteworthy religious occasions, and their representatives must present themselves to work, against their convictions and the association. Associations must create standard moral direct rules, which must execute morals trainings with a specific end goal to feature moral issues and how they may respond to the emergency (Crandall, Parnell and Spillan, 2014). Moral standards may have an immense and shifted recognition, associations and also specialists on call must be put aside their convictions keeping in mind the end goal to reach and help the emergency. Along these lines, empowering adapting practices reliable to the individual's convictions, and traditions enable morals minorities to comprehend the administration and mending process (Reyes and Jacobs, 2006). All through the procedure of emergency administration and the specialists on call, winds up basic to fathom what their part is in this procedure with a specific end goal to give the suitable social help to the association and its faculty in require. By and by, as per Crandall, Parnell and Spillan (2014) there are a few proposals or rules that may better moral culture codes that can enhance radically the guide execution when there are multicultural difficulties or hindrances when overseeing and reacting to emergencies. One of these recommendations may stay away from, when a dishonest conduct is found. For this situation, the association must react instantly to remedy the circumstance and teach the individual in charge of the conduct bring about against the moral rules codes. Another proposal to conquer practices that disregard moral, lawful and multicultural difficulties or boundaries, is contracting a boss, officer or chief of morals. This individual obligations as an officer, boss or executive which would serve in top administration or governing body, who likewise will answer to the most extreme level of the association whether this is an open or private one. This position will advance the moral gauges of the association and also its way of life; guaranteeing the representatives conduct along tending to their worries and needs. In a comparable circumstance, Crandall, Parnell and Spillan (2014) recommended that chiefs, executive or presidents should require to have practical objectives. These objectives are effectively thought out, something else, doubtful objectives supports dishonest choice and in this manner conduct among workers. Along this proposal, top administration or official executives, may give a hotline number and additionally email in which workers have a man or office inside their association that they can trust and to whom they can report deceptive practices or moral infringement keep up its privacy. This particular proposal may help representatives to report any kind of deceptive direct that they or another worker might confront. At long last, moral issues emerged inside associations on account of powerless moral standards or non-existent codes. The scene study of associations and ventures must distinguish and reveal moral shortcomings which are weakness focuses inside the framework. Therefore, the associations and ventures need to elevate thoughts inside to construct an enhanced moral environment. At last, the associations and businesses in their learning stages may advance enhancing the moral execution all through the encounters of particular emergency occasions. Depiction of a model to prepare advocates for an emergency. In November, 2014, Dominican Republic, felt out of the blue a psychological oppressor bomb assault in the capital city trolley. As it was normal responses of perplexity among the regular folks was watched, at the same time, security and police were additionally befuddled and frightened. This occasion couldn't be going on in this heaven island. There were two casualties one female that her copies were direct and was send home, and the other male casualty, was showered with some kind quickening agent and he was seriously scorched, and did not make it. Police Department assumed control over a day to figure out what kind of assault was it, until the point that they built up without no questions that it was a fear based oppressor bomb. The Police Department just imparted to the dependable individual to surrender himself since he was gotten in the surveillance camera; or else to avoid himself of what might happened on the off chance that they go out in his pursuit. Two days after the individual in charge of the demise of the non military personnel chose to surrender himself and was instantly lawfully handled and condemned. He never gave a truly reason of why he did the demonstration. He got a sentence of 30 years in prison, without the likelihood of parole. As per White, Mazerolle, Porter and Chalk (2014) clarified that grasping the viability of counter-psychological oppression endeavors requires an applied structure for its intercession. The Australian National Counter-Terrorism Plan (NCTP) demonstrated that the structure builds up four classifications of mediations: Legislative and Administrative, Prevention and Preparedness, Response and Recovery. These four classes utilize a hypothetical diverse component to have a response in example of fear based oppressor action. Today, conclusively, the Dominican Republic need to prepare their people on call and specialist if there should arise an occurrence of another psychological militant assault before the second leaves a most noticeably bad result. Aversion and readiness is a key in sparing more lives, including the individuals who arrive first to react the assault. The emergency administration design ought to be assess no less than twice a year acclimating to the conceivable changes in the earth and the level of learning of those straightforwardly associated with helping the casualties and the regular folks that likewise should be prepared as they prepare anybody in the event that there is a fire. Who would it be a good idea for them to called? What would it be advisable for them to do? Would it be a good idea for them to run, resist the urge to panic, or cover up? Preparing turns into a noteworthy issue during the time spent readiness to survive. Specialists ought to have the capacity to get ready regular folks. Reference American Red Cross (2014). Recovered on December 24, 2014, from http://www.redcross.org/locate your-neighborhood part. Báez, A. and Valverde-Podestá, A. (2001). Review of the Dominican Red Cross Emergency and Relief Operations: Following Hurricane Georges. The Internet Journal of Rescue and Disaster Medicine, 3(1). Crandall, W., Parnell, J. A. and Spillan, J. E. (2010). Emergency administration: Leading in the new system scene. (Second Edition). Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications, Inc. Place for Disease Control and Prevention, [CDC]. (2014). Place for Disease Control and Prevention. CDC all day, every day Savings Lives, Protecting People. Recovered from http://www.cdc.gov/chikungunya/ Dominican Civil Defense. (2014). Recovered from: http://www.defensacivil.gov.do/ Dominican Red Cross (2014). Recovered on December 24, 2014, from http://www.caribbeanredcross.org/index.php/national-social orders/dominican-republic Crisis Operation Center, (COE). (2014). Recovered from: http://www.coe.gob.do/index.php?option=com_content&view=section&layout=blog&id=2&Itemid=42 James, R. K. and Gilliland, B. E. (2013). Emergency mediation procedures (seventh Edition). Belmont, CA: Brooks/Cole, Cenegage Learning. Kozlowski, C. (2010). Emergency Management. 110(1): 1-2. London, UK. http://www.catlin.com Pearson, C. M. and Mitroff, I.I. (1993). From emergency inclined to emergency arranged: A structure for emergency administration. Institute Manage Perspective, 7(1): 48-59. doi: 10.5465/AME.1993.9409142058 Reyes, G. and Jacobs, G. (2006). Handbook of universal calamity brain research. Volume 2. Connecticut, USA: Praeger Publishers. Treurniet, W., Van Buul-Besseling, K. and Wolbers, J. (2012). Joint effort mindfulness - a need in emergency reaction coordination. Procedures of the ninth International ISCRAM Conference. Vancouver, Canada. http://www.iscramlive.org/ISCRAM2012/procedures/248.pdf White, G., Mazerolle, L., Porter, M. D. and Chalk, P. (2014). Demonstrating the adequacy of counter-fear based oppression intercessions. Australian Institute of Criminology. Patterns and issues in wrongdoing and criminal equity. 475.>GET ANSWER