Write a summary essay (a. 10 -12 pages) applying subject matter knowledge in an educational context and devising connections among experiences inside and outside the formal classroom, or connections among multiple fields of study. You may draw from your other writing for this course this term to complete this. NOTE: This must be submitted in a single file in the “Signature Assignment” section of Week Eight. Your essay should be in proper American Psychological Association (APA) 6th edition format. For reference you can link to the following from Purdue University’s Online Writing Lab (OWL) – https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/01/ . Your Application and Reflection Essay should be numbered and include all of the components below: 1. Title Page (separate page) 2. Introductory Abstract as per APA format (separate page) 3. Learning and Development (a. 500 words minimum): a. Why is it important to know about how children learn and develop? Discuss at least three important things about each. b. How will you apply this knowledge in an academic setting or with children (classroom, home-school, parenting etc.)? Provide detailed examples. 4. Subject Matter Knowledge (500 words minimum essay per each of the three current CSET California Testing Sub-set: subject areas): 1) Reading, Language and Literature, History and Social Science; 2) Natural Sciences and Mathematics; 3) Human Development, Physical Education and Visual and Performing Arts. In your response consider incorporating some answers to the following fundamental questions: a. What do you think are the most important things for students to know about this subject matter area and why? b. How do we get kids to “think” more like an expert in this content area? (i.e. Scientist? Mathematician? Artist? Historian? Writer?) c. How does this content area align to the preparation 21st century learners need, based on what you have learned in this class, program, and life? d. How does this content area interrelate with other subject matter areas? e. How is this content area applied in the real world? Provide at least three examples with details. f. How would you, personally, approach teaching this content in academic settings (classroom, homeschool, etc.) and why? What specific techniques or strategies will you use to help individuals learn about this content area? Provide detailed examples. 5. Personal Reflection on Teaching and Learning (a. 750 words minimum) a. Analyze how your own learning has changed over time, from childhood to present day. Consider the following questions: 1) What have some significant strengths and challenges been for you in regards to learning? 2) What have been some frustrations and how have you dealt with them? 3) What ethical considerations (or in-considerations) have you experienced? 4) How does understanding your own learning help you to focus on your teaching goals? b. Now that you have completed most of your content area coursework in the Multiple Subjects Teaching Program, discuss how your understanding of teaching, learning, and education has changed. Consider the following questions: 1) What do you now know and believe about learning, or how people learn, compared to what you believed before this program? 2) What do you now believe about teaching as a result of what you now believe about learning? 3) How did your personal understanding of the “purpose of education” change throughout this class and program? What did you once believe and what do you believe now? Why/How did it change? What effect does your new understanding have on other aspects of your career goals and life? 4) Has this program changed your views about the alternatives to the traditional classroom settings, such as home schools or charter schools? If so, how? If not, why not? 6. Works Cited/ References.

Sample Solution

Sample solution

Dante Alighieri played a critical role in the literature world through his poem Divine Comedy that was written in the 14th century. The poem contains Inferno, Purgatorio, and Paradiso. The Inferno is a description of the nine circles of torment that are found on the earth. It depicts the realms of the people that have gone against the spiritual values and who, instead, have chosen bestial appetite, violence, or fraud and malice. The nine circles of hell are limbo, lust, gluttony, greed and wrath. Others are heresy, violence, fraud, and treachery. The purpose of this paper is to examine the Dante’s Inferno in the perspective of its portrayal of God’s image and the justification of hell. 

In this epic poem, God is portrayed as a super being guilty of multiple weaknesses including being egotistic, unjust, and hypocritical. Dante, in this poem, depicts God as being more human than divine by challenging God’s omnipotence. Additionally, the manner in which Dante describes Hell is in full contradiction to the morals of God as written in the Bible. When god arranges Hell to flatter Himself, He commits egotism, a sin that is common among human beings (Cheney, 2016). The weakness is depicted in Limbo and on the Gate of Hell where, for instance, God sends those who do not worship Him to Hell. This implies that failure to worship Him is a sin.

God is also depicted as lacking justice in His actions thus removing the godly image. The injustice is portrayed by the manner in which the sodomites and opportunists are treated. The opportunists are subjected to banner chasing in their lives after death followed by being stung by insects and maggots. They are known to having done neither good nor bad during their lifetimes and, therefore, justice could have demanded that they be granted a neutral punishment having lived a neutral life. The sodomites are also punished unfairly by God when Brunetto Lattini is condemned to hell despite being a good leader (Babor, T. F., McGovern, T., & Robaina, K. (2017). While he commited sodomy, God chooses to ignore all the other good deeds that Brunetto did.

Finally, God is also portrayed as being hypocritical in His actions, a sin that further diminishes His godliness and makes Him more human. A case in point is when God condemns the sin of egotism and goes ahead to commit it repeatedly. Proverbs 29:23 states that “arrogance will bring your downfall, but if you are humble, you will be respected.” When Slattery condemns Dante’s human state as being weak, doubtful, and limited, he is proving God’s hypocrisy because He is also human (Verdicchio, 2015). The actions of God in Hell as portrayed by Dante are inconsistent with the Biblical literature. Both Dante and God are prone to making mistakes, something common among human beings thus making God more human.

To wrap it up, Dante portrays God is more human since He commits the same sins that humans commit: egotism, hypocrisy, and injustice. Hell is justified as being a destination for victims of the mistakes committed by God. The Hell is presented as being a totally different place as compared to what is written about it in the Bible. As a result, reading through the text gives an image of God who is prone to the very mistakes common to humans thus ripping Him off His lofty status of divine and, instead, making Him a mere human. Whether or not Dante did it intentionally is subject to debate but one thing is clear in the poem: the misconstrued notion of God is revealed to future generations.



Babor, T. F., McGovern, T., & Robaina, K. (2017). Dante’s inferno: Seven deadly sins in scientific publishing and how to avoid them. Addiction Science: A Guide for the Perplexed, 267.

Cheney, L. D. G. (2016). Illustrations for Dante’s Inferno: A Comparative Study of Sandro Botticelli, Giovanni Stradano, and Federico Zuccaro. Cultural and Religious Studies4(8), 487.

Verdicchio, M. (2015). Irony and Desire in Dante’s” Inferno” 27. Italica, 285-297.