The offshore wind and Oil & Gas sectors are historically largely separate. This project seeks to exploit synergies between the two in order to reduce the costs associated with O&G abandonment. Specific objectives are to:
• Identify hotspots where the two sectors, have the strongest synergies, e.g. hub locations
• Assess the potential to exploit existing O&G infrastructure, e.g. for O&M, CCS, geothermal energy and/or hydrogen
• Analyze how the planned, staged abandonment could optimally be aligned with offshore wind developments
• Assess the potential for cost reductions achievable through the above insights
The project will explore specific scenarios, for example:
a) Offshore hydrogen production (at O&G facility) + O&G as electricity hub for offshore wind – conversion of pipeline to hydrogen to send hydrogen to shore.
b) Offshore CCS + O&G as electricity hub for offshore wind – conversion of pipeline for CO2 transport + transmission line in parallel – hydrogen onshore with district heating.
c) Offshore hydrogen production/storage/fuel cell + O&G as electricity hub for offshore wind/transmission line to shore
The method is energy systems analysis, which takes real-world data on the offshore energy system to create an accurate model. Building on existing work in this area (e.g. offshore wind), existing datasets and models should be extended to include offshore O&G assets and abandonment schedules.
remained unfit.” (Warburton Para 7) This study clearly shows that there are really good effects on people, the everyday person can gain a lot, but also workers. Workers tend to be more highly associated as sedentary. By implementing physical activity, they can gain tremendous benefits to their health. The studies conducted in this article specifically were looking at different diseases that are common causes of death to see if there is some correlation between them and being inactive. What was really surprising was that physical inactive, actually put people at a greater risk for cancer. “A systematic review of epidemiologic studies revealed that moderate physical activity was associated with a greater protective effect than activities of less intensity. Physically active men and women exhibited a 30%–40% reduction in the relative risk of colon cancer, and physically active women a 20%–30% reduction in the relative risk of breast cancer compared with their inactive counterparts.” (Warburton Para 16) People should take whatever measures are necessary to help prevent diseases that could kill them, and right now people don’t get what is required to sustain them. Now another study done in Australia conveys that people sit during the day for 50% of the time. In Australia the government currently recommends 150-300 minutes a week of moderate physical activity, but one actually has to do 420 minutes in order to start losing weight. In this study they focused more on the effects of obesity and overweightness. In order to achieve this, they tried to implement workplace physical activities and advise them on nutrition, but also there was a group that started to exercise outside of work, and they compare the results. “After-work participants increased more than in-work participants, with significantly more vigorous PA. Beneficial changes in BMI and aerobic fitness were significant in both intervention groups. Changes in BMI for the after-work participants were greater relative to controls while fitness improvements for the intervention participants exceeded those for the controls” (Burn Para 11) This study shows that there are benefits to implementing physical activity into the workplace, sure they didn’t improve as much as the people who did it outside of work, but then again they probably had less time. Even so, there was>GET ANSWER