In Chapter 1, Epictetus claims that “external” things like our reputations, our jobs, our bodies, and our personal
possessions are not “up to us.” Using specific examples of your own, explain both how this can be true (or the
ways in which it is true), and also how it might not be true. After presenting your scenarios, decide whether you
agree with Epictetus on this issue.
After sharing your thoughts, read and respond to at least two of your classmate’s postings. For best results,
post first, then read and respond. In your responses, please gently correct any misperceptions you see, ask for
clarification, indicate what you found interesting or important, disagree (and, of course, explain why you
disagree), or raise a question for the writer. Don’t simply agree with what they have written.
Please continue to follow the Friday/Monday schedule we have been using for our blogging deadlines. Your
original post should be 150 words minimum, and your replies should be 100 words minimum.
I would argue that Tactics were also not thedid not prove decisive factor in the Battle of Trafalgar. When it came to tactics, most ‘ship of the line’ naval engagements fought in the ‘Napoleonic Wars’ followed a common pattern. As Bennet states, fleets practiced“tactical orthodoxy” (Bennet, 2004), a method of naval fighting dating back a hundred years; Aa line of ships – hence the name ‘ship of the line’ – sailed astern of one another. they would sail towards another line of ships similarly arranged on the same tack. The two lines would position themselves side by side, exchanging broadsides until one side would retreat or surrender. The Battle of Trafalgar was an exception to this tactical rule, with Lord Nelson forming two lines of ships instead of one and sailing them at a 90 degree angle to the towards a perpendicular French fleet. Historians including Charles Ekins argue the approach was “unusual but decisive” (Innes, 1912) and provided a surprise tactic that the allied fleet couldn’t anticipate, providing an advantage to the British that directly chiefly led to victory. In contrast, Naval treaty writer, John Clerk of Eldin, advocates that the tactic had already been used by Rodney at the Battle of the Saints, during the 1782 Antilles campaign, by Howe during the Glorious First of June (1794), and by Duncan at Camperdown (1797) (González-Aller, 1989). A tactical innovation did indisputably come out of the Battle of Trafalgar as both Nelson and Collingwood’s flagships led the British lines into the French. (Grove, 2015) This was unprecedented as before, flagships would situate themselves in the middle of the line for protection. The importance of issue with this is the fact that the flagships were always the most heavily armed and largest ships of the fleet. By locating the largest ships at the front, Nelson maximised the damage output of his fleet. Although the tactics Nelson employed did not conform with most naval engagements of the time, it would be naïve to assume the allied fleet could not anticipate it. Regardless of what formation each side devised, a key component to execute any naval attack lies in the ability to use the wind to one’s advantage.>GET ANSWER