Watch this video from NBC News about the first FDA-approved, at-home genetic test developed by 23andme to assess breast cancer risk.
FDA approves first at-home genetic test to assess breast cancer risk
a) Consider whether the public good outweighs individual interests in data collection and data mining with genetic testing (e.g., 23andMe, insurers). Provide your rationale.
b) What are the ethical issues and principles created by genomic databases (e.g., 23andMe ) or by sharing information in a health information exchange to promote population health?
As future FNP, how are you going to utilize all the above information and apply it to your practice in Israel ?
the history of spain displays the impact of sure cultures and religions on spanish population, language, traditions and style of life. inside the middle a long time (approximately 411 advert) spain became occupied through the german tribes and similarly the united states of america become conquered by means of the visigoths (416 advert) (collins, 1995). however, the intention of this essay is to examine the impact of the islamic invasion on spain, because the muslims has had a significant effect at the country as much as the modern. in 711-714 the umayyad dynasty seized the spanish vicinity near cordoba (rahman, 1989); forty years later abd al-rahman i created an umayyad emirate. but it become within the tenth century underneath the ruling of abd al-rahman iii (912-961) that the muslims managed to intensify spain’s prosperity and wealth (goodwin, 1990). abdal-rahman iii united a few regions of al-andalus and progressed navy, tax and regulation structures. inside the eleventh century the emirate became divided into several kingdoms with precise cultures and traditions. after the decay of the umayyad dynasty, different islamic dynasties took control over spain, including the almoravides, the almohades and the nasrids (taha, 1989). at the quit of the 15th century the christian rulers seized the electricity in granada and put an end to the muslim ruling. other spanish locations, including seville and cordoba, had been liberated from the muslims by using ferdinand of aragon and isabella of castile inside the thirteenth century. however the islamic influence has preserved in spain until nowadays, although isabella made the entirety to break islam and eliminate any traces of the muslims. the islamic invasion definitely affected many regions of lifestyles in spain, inclusive of lifestyle, schooling, faith, economics, technological know-how, society and own family. al-andalus, as the muslims known as spain, had acquired the valuable position amongst other civilizations of the historic global for the reason that conquest of cordoba with the aid of the umayyad dynasty (chejne, 1974). specially, the muslims created about two thousand public baths and mosques for specific social businesses and implemented a few schools for terrible kids in cordoba. even though some spanish areas adverse the muslim ruling, enterprise and change had been appreciably superior by the umayyads (harvey, 1990). spanish libraries contained greater than 400,000 books and the streets of cordoba have been illuminated, in contrast to such european capitals as paris and london. as hillenbrand (1999) places it, cordobain its high had no peer in europe for the services of civilized existence. its houses were bountifully furnished with hot and cold running water, its streets had been lit at night (p.175). extraordinary non secular groups, together with christians, muslims and jews, correctly interacted with each other. in line with ghazanfar (2004), there existed no separation among technological know-how, expertise, and faith; nor become east separated from the west, nor the muslim from the jew or the christian (p.2). such non secular tolerance may be defined by the reality that the muslims did not act as oppressors, however, as an alternative, they tried to improve the residing conditions of all social training in spain. as a result, christians and jews occupied the main positions during the muslim ruling (hopfe, 1998). this peaceful co-lifestyles of three religions had endured till the 15th century (thomson, 1989), contributing to many aspects of lifestyles in spain. for instance, inside the 11th century arabic language changed into utilised in spanish science and literature, while spaniards started to study the muslims’ language to acquaint with arabic writings (shubert, 1992). some christians and jews borrowed arabic tradition and faith, gradually remodeling into mozarabs, individuals who have been arabized (watt, 1965). many illiterate spanish humans discovered to examine and write, calculate and navigate (houston, 1964). because the muslims preserved a few roman and greek literary works, spanish christians served as translators for these crucial manuscripts. architecture, philosophy, mathematics and other sciences additionally prospered below the ruling of the umayyad dynasty because of their notion in allah and the legal guidelines of the qur’an, the holy ebook of the muslims that accentuated the power of information (fakhry, 1983). because the muslims made attempts to understand god, they also attempted to discover the reality approximately human nature by accomplishing exclusive researches and clinical investigations (saud, 1994). for example, the muslims substituted the roman wide variety machine existed in spain for the arabic quantity machine that has been widely utilised in algebra, arithmetic and enterprise considering that then. in addition, astronomy, medicine, biology and chemistry began to thrive in spain after the islamic i>GET ANSWER