Ethical principles

Aside from general ethical principles and code of conduct, there are four main ethical issues that specifically relate to clinical psychology research. These are:

  1. Informed consent.
  2. Avoidance of harm.
  3. Privacy.
  4. Review by the academic ethics committee and/or governing health authority or hospital ethics committee.

Consider the following cases and explain how these four issues relate to each situation.

  1. A psychologist wants to study how positive reinforcement could help reduce the amount of night-time shouting by patients with dementia who are staying in a hospital unit.

What ethical questions do you have for the researcher?

  1. Informed consent. 2 marks
  2. Avoidance of harm. 2 marks
  3. Privacy. 2 marks
  4. Review by the academic ethics committee; recommendation? 2 marks
  5. A psychologist wants to carry out a survey amongst mothers attending vaccination appointments with their new-born babies, to assess levels and prevalence of post-partum depression.

What ethical questions should she consider?

  1. Informed consent. 2 marks
  2. Avoidance of harm. 2 marks
  3. Privacy. 2 marks
  4. Review by the academic ethics committee; recommendation? 2 marks
  5. A psychologist wants to survey teenagers at a local school to assess levels of social anxiety.
    What ethical considerations would you think about to advise her?
  6. Informed consent. 2 marks
  7. Avoidance of harm. 2 marks
  8. Privacy. 2 marks
  9. Review by the academic ethics committee; recommendation? 2 marks

Sample Solution

ACED ESSAYS