ESSAY QUESTION ONE:
Compare and Contrast European and American Financial Crises and Perspectives on Crises (1000 words minimum). All quotes must have quotation marks and references.
Essay Question One has two parts:
On pages 410-412 Blinder outlines similarities between the American economic crisis and the European crisis. And on pages 412-415 Blinder describes three key differences. (I’ve attached these)
PART 1: Describe these similarities and differences. In your description of the similarities, explain key relationships between the causes of the crisis in the United States and the causes in Europe (for instance, how did the housing bubble contribute to the crises in both Europe and the United States? What were some of the key characteristics of the recessions in the United States and Europe? What were some of the key similarities in government policies and actions in response to the crisis? What are the three differences, according to Blinder? Describe them.
PART 2: In the second part of the essay we are going to use our imagination to explore differing perspectives on the crises in Europe and the United States:
Try to put yourself in the position of a Greek worker, let’s say a nurse or a clerk. How do you feel about demands on your government from the European Union and European Central bank that you pay and pension be dramatically cut? Or, perhaps there are recommendations that your job be cut. Provide a brief description.
Compare and contrast this perspective with the perspective of a German worker, let’s say an autoworker or a technology company. How do you feel about demands on your government to bail out the Greek economy?
Next, try to put yourself in the position who has lost his or her job in the financial crisis, say in 2009, and, consequently, can no longer afford mortgage payments, let’s say an autoworker, a construction worker or other worker, or someone working in the financial industry. How do you feel about legislation that like TARP and ARRA? Be specific in your response.
Dante Alighieri played a critical role in the literature world through his poem Divine Comedy that was written in the 14th century. The poem contains Inferno, Purgatorio, and Paradiso. The Inferno is a description of the nine circles of torment that are found on the earth. It depicts the realms of the people that have gone against the spiritual values and who, instead, have chosen bestial appetite, violence, or fraud and malice. The nine circles of hell are limbo, lust, gluttony, greed and wrath. Others are heresy, violence, fraud, and treachery. The purpose of this paper is to examine the Dante’s Inferno in the perspective of its portrayal of God’s image and the justification of hell.
In this epic poem, God is portrayed as a super being guilty of multiple weaknesses including being egotistic, unjust, and hypocritical. Dante, in this poem, depicts God as being more human than divine by challenging God’s omnipotence. Additionally, the manner in which Dante describes Hell is in full contradiction to the morals of God as written in the Bible. When god arranges Hell to flatter Himself, He commits egotism, a sin that is common among human beings (Cheney, 2016). The weakness is depicted in Limbo and on the Gate of Hell where, for instance, God sends those who do not worship Him to Hell. This implies that failure to worship Him is a sin.
God is also depicted as lacking justice in His actions thus removing the godly image. The injustice is portrayed by the manner in which the sodomites and opportunists are treated. The opportunists are subjected to banner chasing in their lives after death followed by being stung by insects and maggots. They are known to having done neither good nor bad during their lifetimes and, therefore, justice could have demanded that they be granted a neutral punishment having lived a neutral life. The sodomites are also punished unfairly by God when Brunetto Lattini is condemned to hell despite being a good leader (Babor, T. F., McGovern, T., & Robaina, K. (2017). While he commited sodomy, God chooses to ignore all the other good deeds that Brunetto did.
Finally, God is also portrayed as being hypocritical in His actions, a sin that further diminishes His godliness and makes Him more human. A case in point is when God condemns the sin of egotism and goes ahead to commit it repeatedly. Proverbs 29:23 states that “arrogance will bring your downfall, but if you are humble, you will be respected.” When Slattery condemns Dante’s human state as being weak, doubtful, and limited, he is proving God’s hypocrisy because He is also human (Verdicchio, 2015). The actions of God in Hell as portrayed by Dante are inconsistent with the Biblical literature. Both Dante and God are prone to making mistakes, something common among human beings thus making God more human.
To wrap it up, Dante portrays God is more human since He commits the same sins that humans commit: egotism, hypocrisy, and injustice. Hell is justified as being a destination for victims of the mistakes committed by God. The Hell is presented as being a totally different place as compared to what is written about it in the Bible. As a result, reading through the text gives an image of God who is prone to the very mistakes common to humans thus ripping Him off His lofty status of divine and, instead, making Him a mere human. Whether or not Dante did it intentionally is subject to debate but one thing is clear in the poem: the misconstrued notion of God is revealed to future generations.
Babor, T. F., McGovern, T., & Robaina, K. (2017). Dante’s inferno: Seven deadly sins in scientific publishing and how to avoid them. Addiction Science: A Guide for the Perplexed, 267.
Cheney, L. D. G. (2016). Illustrations for Dante’s Inferno: A Comparative Study of Sandro Botticelli, Giovanni Stradano, and Federico Zuccaro. Cultural and Religious Studies, 4(8), 487.
Verdicchio, M. (2015). Irony and Desire in Dante’s” Inferno” 27. Italica, 285-297.