“Maya is a 42-year-old Muslim woman who was referred to an Islamic women’s center for advocacy and counseling. She has been married to Asad, a 44-year-old physician, for 18 years. Maya is the stay-at-home mother of their three children, aged 10, 12, and 14. Both Maya and Asad are originally from Egypt, having immigrated to the United States shortly after getting married. Maya reports that she and her husband have always been devout Muslims, being very involved in their local mosque. They have had what she considers a traditional Muslim marriage, where her husband is the leader of the home and provides for the family financially, and Maya takes care of the home and the children. For the majority of their marriage Maya believes that their marriage has been a good one. She believes that her husband was always very respectful of her and relied on her wisdom and input in making decisions impacting the family, particularly with regard to the children. Because Maya was an accountant prior to getting married, Asad has relied on her to help with financial matters related to his medical practice. Maya reported that about five years ago Asad began to “bring his work home with him,” which led to an increase in his general irritability and frustration. In the last two years Maya noted that he began to become more controlling of her whereabouts, getting angry with her if he could not reach her at a moment’s notice. She did not reach out then because she believed Asad when he said that it was his right to control her in this manner. Although Maya’s father did not behave in this manner, she began to believe that perhaps she needed to endure Asad’s behavior in order to be a good Muslim wife. Maya shared that in the past few months his aggression had escalated to the point of screaming at her, both at home and in public, backing her into corners. His drinking has escalated as well. The incident that prompted Maya to finally reach out for help occurred after she refused to sleep with Asad because he was extremely intoxicated and verbally abusing her. Asad became irate and began beating her, citing his right per the Qur’an (4:34–35). Maya initially went to the Imam at her mosque, who supported her completely and also explained that her husband’s use of the Qur’an was a misinterpretation. He explained that Islam did not in any way condone abuse. He provided her with a considerable amount of information regarding the “cycle of violence” and services in the community for victims of domestic violence, including support groups for both adults and children. Maya contacted the Muslim women’s center that day and saw a counselor later in the week. During Maya’s first counseling center she expressed relief that her community was so supportive of her, but she expressed sadness as well because the information and resources she received seemed so fatalistic and hopeless. Her counselor explained that her husband was acting in a manner inconsistent with the will of Allah and if he was truly committed to following Islam and being a good Muslim husband and father, then perhaps he would be open to receiving counseling as well. Domestic violence, the counselor explained, not only destroyed everyone in the family but also affected the entire community, thus the Muslim community was as concerned about Asad as it was about Maya. During counseling Maya began to understand the underlying dynamics of her husband’s behavior and gained wisdom regarding the difference between a husband who led his family with respect, as described by Muhammad, and the controlling and abusive behavior exhibited by her husband. As Maya gained confidence in herself and her decisions, she felt strongly that Allah was leading her to be strong for the sake of her family. Strength, according to her counselor, meant that she could not tolerate abuse. Asad met with the Imam for several weeks and then reluctantly agreed to attend a one-year anger management program that was led by an Imam at the community Islamic center, and Maya agreed not to make any decisions about whether to consider a divorce until after Asad had finished his program. Both the Imam and the counselor agreed that family counseling should not occur until after Asad had received enough counseling to recognize that the root of the family and marital problems lay within him. As Maya continued counseling, she began to realize the intergenerational cycle of abuse that existed in her husband’s family and how important it was, particularly for the sake of her children, that she become strong enough to break the cycle. The most difficult aspect of this process for Maya was maintaining good boundaries with Asad and realizing that he had the choice not to change, which would force her hand in a sense, forcing her to leave the marriage to avoid repeating the patterns of abuse.
Explain why the faith-based intervention was successful in this case study. Determine what conditions would cause a human service professional to integrate faith-based interventions into the counseling strategy. Support your research findings with at least two journal articles (APA format)
Hitting the nail on the head: An investigation of Timing and Language in Hamlet and Sure Thing This paper investigates how dialect is utilized to uncover the covered up internal contemplations and sentiments of characters, and how timing can have a urgent influence in the depiction of emotional characters to the group of onlookers. The places of business how, in Shakespeare's Hamlet, dialect depicts the steady working through of Hamlet's contemplations, towards his definitive aspiration of requital, and conversely, how dialect is urgent in setting up the underlying and basic association among Bill and Betty in David Ives' one-Act play, Sure Thing. Beyond any doubt Thing presents a grouping of discoursed between a youthful couple becoming more acquainted with each other in a café. The ringing of a chime interferes with their progressive endeavors at a similar discussion. Connoting 'time out' when one says something unsuccessful, when, in customary conditions, their discussion may have finished: BILL. This is my first night out alone in quite a while. I feel a smidgen adrift, to reveal to you reality. BETTY. So you didn't stop to talk since you're a Moonie, or on the grounds that you have some bizarre political association - ? BILL. Not a chance. Straight-down-the-ticket Republican. (Chime). Straight-down-the-ticket Democrat. (Chime.) Can I disclose to you something about governmental issues? (Chime.) I get a kick out of the chance to consider myself a national of the universe. (Ringer.) I'm unaffiliated. BETTY. That is a consolation. So am I. (Ives, 1994, p.20). In this play, in contrast to the turbulent advancement of Hamlet, boundaries are no great – it is the center ground that the two characters try to possess, where sheltered and dependable answers will anchor their trust in each other as a potential accomplice. Ives' utilization of dialect is clever and specific quickly addressing points that give the group of onlookers a thought of the identity and tastes of the characters, while hacking up the pace to keep their consideration. Conversely, Hamlet tries to investigate the furthest points of human character and the limits among mental soundness and madness, and profound quality and unethical behavior. For instance, when Hamlet's reality is all of a sudden turned upon its head after the homicide of his dad, Shakespeare utilizes allegory to express the dismal and agitated emotions which Hamlet encounters: I have recently (yet whereof I know not) lost all my jollity, sworn off all custom of activities; and, in reality, it runs so intensely with my demeanor this goodly edge, the earth, appears to me a sterile projection; this most astounding covering, the air, look you, this daring overhanging atmosphere, this majestical rooftop fussed with brilliant fire, why, it appeareth no other thing to me than a foul and pestilent assemblage of vapors! (Village, II. I. Found in Geddes and Grossett, 2006, P.386). Village's vision of the world is contrasted with a structure – the 'outline' of the earth, and the 'overhang' of the sky. The representation is reached out into the accompanying lines, where the marvels of the common world are attributed with human qualities, for example, 'daring' and 'majestical.' Shakespeare's utilization of scene as illustration is pivotal here as it accentuates the flipping around of Hamlet's reality – the possibility that all that he knew and trusted to remain – has all of a sudden changed into the most noticeably awful, most extraordinary, situation possible. For Shakespeare, it is the progressive unfurling of Hamlet's character, which drives the play forward and makes the group of onlookers question social and individual qualities. As commentator W. Thomas MacCary remarks on Hamlet, the improvement of the plot is dictated by the advancement of Hamlet's character. Besides, Hamlet as a character must 'uncover what is covered up, [… .] so the plot of Hamlet is a steady disclosure of what is spoiled in the territory of Denmark.' (MacCary, 1998, p.65): The time is out of joint: O reviled show disdain toward, That ever I was destined to set it right! (Villa, I.v. 188-19. Found in Geddes and Grosset, 2006, p.384). Village's scandalous deferral is vital for him, and the gathering of people, to have sufficient energy to acclimatize and make an educated judgment on the occasions that have gone, before continuing to the following period of sensational power. Shakespeare utilizes speeches to depict to the gathering of people what is close to home to Hamlet. This system serves not exclusively to separate the character, subsequently concentrating consideration on him, yet in addition supports examinations and reflection with respect to the gathering of people to their own lives, and the nation of Denmark. Conversely, the force of Ives' exchange among Bill and Betty presents a short, sudden understanding into the ponderousness and insouciance of a contemporary youthful couple, meeting out of the blue, while giving a clever and intriguing social analysis. As this is a play with few props, the consideration is centered around the couple; in fact, Bill's craving to pick up Betty's consideration and secure her organization is anticipated onto the server, whose fast approaching landing in the finish of the discourse implies the end of the scene. The way that the server never arrives – and subsequently neglects to interfere with the course of their discussion – secludes the clumsiness and potential incongruity of contemporary social norms: discussion is frequently shocked, lost, and wrongly planned: BILL. (Glances around.) Well the servers here beyond any doubt appear to be in some extraordinary time zone. I can't find one anyplace… .Waiter! (He thinks back.) So what do you – (He sees that she's returned to her book.) BETTY. I ask exculpate? BILL. Nothing. Too bad. (Chime.) (Ives, 1994, p.17). This motivates the group of onlookers to consider the possibility that albeit two genuinely comparable individuals are talking in an open gathering place, with nothing to intrude on them, despite everything they can't take care of business. The characters make references to 'various timetables,' 'missed associations,' and the term 'distinctive time zone' is first specified by Bill, and afterward rehashed by Betty. This is suggestive of Ives' expectation to present to the crowd the possibility that in the 21st century, in spite of the nearness of refined methods for correspondence, the basic demonstration of making oneself known to another remaining parts tricky. To finish up, this paper has demonstrated that planning is essential in both the plays, not just in the depiction of the character to the group of onlookers, yet in addition in the progression of each play all in all. Specific and clever utilization of dialect in both plays reminds the gathering of people that they are watching an envisioned situation as well as a clashing spoof of the general public of which they themselves are a section. List of sources Geddes and Grosset, 2006, The Complete Works of William Shakespeare. New Lanark: Geddes and Grosset Ives, D.1994, All in the Timing: Six One-Act comedies. Playwrights Play Service: New York Joseph, B., 1953, Conscience and the King: An investigation of Hamlet. London: Chatto and Windus MacCary, W.T., 1998, Hamlet: A Guide to the Play. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press>GET ANSWER