Financial terminology

Take a look at the financial information contained now in a standard news website, like What is the information being transmitted here?
Also, who can explain what these terms mean? [Any one person can explain one term (in around 300 words).
Add to another person’s explanation by all means, but tackle only one term per post]. I am providing links to
explanations of these terms from the internet, so do not worry if all you are doing in your post is summarizing
that information, as long as you use your own words

Sample Solution