Consider three methods of fitting a linear regression model – (a) lasso, (b) ridge regression, and (c) fitting nonlinear trends. For each method, choose the right answer, comparing it with the least squares regression: i. The method is more flexible and hence will give improved prediction accuracy when its increase in bias is less than its decrease in variance. ii. The method is more flexible and hence will give improved prediction accuracy when its increase in variance is less than its decrease in bias. iii. The method is less flexible and hence will give improved prediction accuracy when its increase in bias is less than its decrease in variance. iv. The method is less flexible and hence will give improved prediction accuracy when its increase in variance is less than its decrease in bias.
It is regularly said that a story is just as solid as its rival (Foutch, 2016) and for quite a long time, the well established clash among great and abhorrence has been told through various adjustments. Davis, 2006 clarifies that when following the customary 'Worldview' account structure (as most Hollywood movies do), the plot is organized to portray an on-going challenge of hero against adversary. The foe, especially in movement, as a rule appears as a malevolent, detestable being whose point is to utilize torment and decimation to pick up control; then again, the hero appears as a more youthful, progressively guiltless character who needs to beat impediments so as to crush them. The female hero specifically is frequently depicted as being youthful, delightful, thin, subservient and excessively ladylike (Nusair and ThoughtCo. 2017); notwithstanding, this depiction of a 'decent' lady involves some discussion. As women's activist pundits have noted, Hollywood has generally fortified the male centric, to a great extent Victorian, esteem framework which has ruled Western culture since the commencement of film (Davis, 2006). Late discourses from women's activists have raised this issue of the portrayal of ladies through these delineations of courageous women, predominantly concentrating on the ascent of Disney films and the distortion of ladies through the Disney Princesses. In the course of the last 60-70 years these female heroes have gone about as good examples for little youngsters and furnishes them with somebody to show their conduct on, showing them what is acknowledged and attractive in our general public. While the courageous woman in these pre-adult stories offers executives and artists a chance to show young ladies how they should look and carry on, it is regularly disregarded that the enemies of these accounts give a stage to them to outline what our way of life regards as inadmissible in agreement to our social measures. Davis, (2006) includes that youngsters are probably going to consolidate the things they find in films into their exercises, in this manner rehashing, breaking down, and fusing into their inner mind the thoughts and subjects they take from them. Davis keeps on clarifying that while there have been various examinations in the past which have endeavored to investigate the impacts of different media (principally film) on kids, these investigations are of no utilization to advanced scientists into media's impact on youngsters as they were frequently mutilated by the frames of mind towards race, ethnicity, and class during that period. After some time, explicitly concerning appearances, many enlivened female heroes have consistently been shown with the contemporary excellence of the time, a model being Snow White from Snow White and the Seven Dwarves (1937) who had a very 'pin-up' styled appearance concerning her hair and make-up that mirrored the ideal magnificence of the 1930s. In any case, it is fascinating to take note of that since the start of vivified family films the cliché female enemies has remained, overwhelmingly, the equivalent, affirming the possibility that the social shame against ladies has additionally remained the equivalent. Section 1 Breaking down APPEARENCES An initial introduction is crucial when building up any character. For the rival, specifically, this first appearance needs to ooze an enduring impression of dread and fear that will both enrapture and frequent the crowd with each presentation. In this manner, it shocks no one when illustrators plan these reprobates the manner in which they do, so as to augment this response from their watchers. It might anyway be a reason for concern when these adversaries are planned utilizing generalizations that mirrors our social partialities and what our general public esteems as negative traits, particularly with regards to appearances. It is regular for a despicable character to be planned with an extraordinary physical make-up that expects to give the watcher a feeling of inconvenience. This is significantly more clear in enlivened movies as there is much more remittance for distortion, yet it doesn't limit the way that these characters can impact kids' essential socialization and can bolster into negative generalizations related with self-perception later in their lives (Li-Vollmer and LaPoint, 2003). When considering the commonplace portrayal of a female miscreant the most clear physical qualities they have are normally being tall and thin with short or no hair. One of the most outstanding characters with these qualities is Cruella De Vil (101 Dalmatians, 1961; see Figure 1). Underscored by her fantastically larger than average fur garment, De Vil's body was intended to be amazingly skeletal and emaciated. Her overstated cheek bones and long, hard fingers put a ton of accentuation on the possibility that she is 'genuinely what bad dreams are made of' (Disney Wiki, 2015). Cruella's insidiousness is intensified when contrasting her appearance with that of the other, human, female characters whose highlights are significantly gentler and progressively customary, for that time (see Figure 2). From numerous points of view, the presence of this 'demon lady' relates back to our social orders negative perspectives on self-perception amazingly well. As we probably am aware from her interest with apparel from her assortment of fur garments, produced using the guiltless creatures she has slaughtered, Cruella has had a long relationship with the style business (IMdB, 2008), and she is appeared as "an affluent, design fixated beneficiary who wishes to utilize the skins of 99 Dalmatian little dogs for a fur garment" (Disney Wiki, 2015). In spite of the fact that her genuine vocation is rarely authoritatively expressed, Cruella superbly speaks to the cliché CEO or Editor-in-Chief of a design enterprise who is self absorbed and needs to look a specific way, and be a specific weight dependent on the severe standards inside the business. It is said that Cruella De Vil is incompletely founded on the well known unique Hollywood trouble maker; the chain-smoking, hide wearing entertainer of the 1940s, Tallulah Bankhead (Darcy, 2016; see Figure 3). While you can envision a likeness between their disposition, there is a particular distinction between their appearances. So for what reason did Disney settle on the choice to control Cruella's plan to turn into an a lot thin lady? Other than an adjustment in time which presented the well known "twig" body of the 1960s that would fit a popular character who plainly pursues slants, the deception of her skinny body was avoidable. This thought exhibited to us in such a negative way, through the type of an insidious character, can distort ladies who are thin, unfortunate or may have dietary problems. Thus, this could esteem them as likewise being savage and cutthroat, comparable to these scalawags, and it makes one inquiry what a crowd of people finds so loathsome about underweight characters. Different instances of female scoundrels who convey these properties could be Maleficent (Sleeping Beauty, 1959; see Figure 4), Scarlet Overkill (Minions, 2015; see Figure 5) and Captain Chantel DuBois (Madagascar 3: Europe's Most Wanted, 2012; see Figure 6). While these specific characters are not so amazingly gaunt as Cruella De Vil, they all still show similar attributes, particularly in contrast with their hero counterpart(s) inside the account. Two different instances of female reprobates that show this equivalent idea are Yzma (The Emperor's New Groove, 2000; see Figure 7), and The Other Mother (Coraline, 2009; see Figure 8). These ladies additionally flawlessly show the affliction of the social desires for self-perception inside our general public. Yzma's rakish shape is overstated to where she is more animal than human, her long eyelashes and spindly body improves the possibility of a nearly creepy crawly like being. This thought is also exceptionally obvious with The Other Mother, as the whole story of Coraline is spun around the possibility of the 'great' family with the 'great' mother, and The Other Mother's malnourished appearance contradicts that idea. We see this during the finish of the film as The Other Mother transforms into her regular, devilish structure; she gets skinnier and skinnier, and with that, less of the 'immaculate mother' she initially professed to be. The relationship this present character's plan has made between the slimness of her body and her ineptitude to be a mother is plainly obvious, contorting the possibility that a lady who is uninvolved in family life is viewed as freak, brutal and coldhearted. This thought can likewise be connected back to Cruella De Vil and her unmotherly senses towards creatures, which is charming because of the comparable bodies they have been planned with. The incredible complexity between the forsaken scalawag and the family orientated hero is extremely clear, with numerous family films showing a similar thought that ladies without kids are viewed as terrible individuals. Related to this, the regular relationship with the unmotherly lowlife being depicted through somebody underweight. Then again, characters, for example, Ursula the Sea Witch from Disney's "The Little Mermaid" (1989; see Figure 9), and The Queen of Hearts from "Alice in Wonderland" (1951; see Figure 10), show the foe as overweight, which again shows an outrageous body type in a negative manner in contrast with different characters engaged with the plot. The champions in these stories, Alice and Ariel, are both little youngsters who are thin with long wavy hair – the direct inverse of their detestable partners who are both a lot bigger, moderately aged ladies with short hair. Ursula, specifically, is seen to totally overwhelm Ariel with her huge body and the thick appendages she uses to threaten and scare her. Be that as it may, Ursula wasn't constantly delineated along these lines. In the Little Mermaid's unique novel by Danish creator Hans Christian Anderson, the Sea Witch was never given a lot of depiction, however Charles Santore's delineations deciphers her as a lot slimmer, practically similar to the "Little Mermaid" (Anderson, 1837). In spite of additionally being portrayed as a mermaid in this ver>GET ANSWER