Choose ONE of the following questions and answer completely.
1) Thinking about Foreign Policy address the following questions:
Who is involved in making foreign policy? How do the president and the bureaucracy interact in constructing foreign policy? What are some of the causes of competition or disagreement among the makers of foreign policy? What is the media’s role in driving foreign policy? 2) Thinking about the Domestic Policy process address the following questions:
What is public policy? Why and how do the political parties differ on policies? What is the impact of pluralism? (i.e., How do the courts, interest groups, and public opinion influence policymaking and public policies? What are the reasons for policy stability and change? What is the media’s role in driving domestic policy? 3) Thinking about the US Constitution address the following questions:
What does the US Constitution do? What symbolic role does the US Constitution play in American politics? How does the ratification debate continue to resonate in contemporary political discussions? (Provide an example) How should the Constitution be interpreted and why? 4) Thinking about Federalism address the following questions:
What is Federalism and why is it important? How did Federalism evolve and why? (Consider the various types over time.) Using a contemporary example explore the tension between States’ Rights and Federal power? How does the media represent these contemporary tensions? Should the states or the Federal Government always be supreme? Why? 5) Thinking about Rights and Liberties address the following questions:
What are Civil Rights and Liberties and how do they differ from one another? How do the concepts of rights and liberties reflect the tension between freedom, order, and equality? Why? (See the FOE lecture.) Should the states be left alone to set their standards for rights and liberties? Why? How is the Rights and Liberties tension represented in news and entertainment culture? 6) Thinking about Social Technologies (Social Media, etc.)
What are Social Technologies and how do they differ from more traditional media? What role do Social Technologies play in the political process and how does that differ from the more traditional media? Why do Social Technologies create opportunities for political participation and, at the same time, create challenges for citizens wanting to understand what is happening?
Short notes on this season's cold virus, flu and Pandemic Flu additionally called as influenza, is a respiratory disease that is caused by an infection. Influenza is very infectious and is typically spread by the hacks and sniffles of a man who is tainted. As per the World Health Organization (WHO), 5% to 15% of the total populace is tainted by influenza every year. The indications of influenza are: High temperature, Joints and appendages torment, migraine, weariness, gastro intestinal side effects that wait for about seven days. The Precautions that ought to be taken amid influenza assault are Remain at home Maintain a strategic distance from contact with other individuals Keep yourself warm and rest Expend a lot of fluids Keep away from liquor Through inoculation that secures you for around about fourteen days There are three sorts of influenza infections ie infuenza A, flu B and flu C. Sorts An and B infections are the reason for regular pandemics and it taint around 20% populace of the world every year. The sort C flu infection may cause respiratory disease of mellow nature however isn't in charge of scourges. Proteins on the surface of flu An infections can be isolated into subtypes – the hemagglutinin (H) and the neuraminidase (N). 16 distinctive hemagglutinin subtypes and 9 diverse neuraminidase subtypes are known to exist. A H1N1 and H3N2 are the current subtypes of flu An infections found in individuals. There are no B infection subtypes, however there are diverse flu B infection strains. Pandemic A pandemic is a worldwide illness episode. It needs worldwide assets to contain the impact of illness. Flu pandemic means a worldwide flare-up of infection caused by another sort of infection. The past confirmations and study propose that influenza pandemic infection spread in all parts of the globe inside six to nine months. Because of the changed situation of the world ie globalization and speed of air travel, flu pandemic could spread significantly more rapidly. A pandemic for the most part happen in waves yet all parts of the world may not be influenced in the meantime. The records of pandemic on the planet are: Spanish flu murdered 40-50 million individuals in 1918. Asian flu murdered 2 million individuals in 1957. Hong Kong flu murdered 1 million individuals in 1968. Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Promotion Cluster The point of any WASH program is to advance individual and natural cleanliness with the end goal to secure wellbeing.. A compelling WASH program involves Data trade between the office and the catastrophe influenced populace ID of key cleanliness issues Plan of Culturally proper arrangements Guarantee the ideal utilization of all water supply and sanitation offices Practice safe cleanliness and positive effect in general wellbeing . Cleanliness advancement is fundamental for a fruitful WASH intercession. The attention on Cleanliness advancement is general and particular. As a rule terms, cleanliness advancement Is basic to the majority of the areas and is reflected in the pointers for water supply, excreta transfer, vector control, strong waste administration and seepage. http://www.spherehandbook.org/content/pictures/wash_disease.gif In 2005,in request to upgrade consistency, responsibility and organization, Humanitarian Reform Agenda presented the group approach with an unmistakable command for enhancing coordination in crises. The Global Water Sanitation and Hygiene Cluster is an organization gathering 32 accomplices and going for enhancing the coordination and the compassionate reaction in the WASH Sector. The principle mainstays of WASH group are: Successful coordination and limit Opportune operational help to national WASH coordination stages reaction as required Enhanced crisis readiness Responsibility and figuring out how to encourages successful WASH group activities Operational promotion for WASH (Cluster, 2013) WASH Cluster in Nepal The WASH bunch is driven by the Ministry of Urban Development and co-driven by UNICEF in Nepal. The WASH group is operational in Nepal since 2008 to react to the dislodge individuals of Koshi Flooding. WASH cares for the water sanitation and cleanliness of helpless networks. Its exercises incorporate long haul strength of the network through maintained waste access, water supply, beginning need necessity appraisal at the season of crisis circumstances to assemble data on least water amounts required, least number of can and open spots required, checking of water and excreta related illness transmission, family unit water medicines, and strong waste administration. The fundamental focal point of the group is on the accompanying: Cleanliness Promotion Excreta transfer Vector control Strong waste administration Appropriate waste frameworks The WASH group in Nepal has made a readiness status if there should arise an occurrence of a quake situation in Kathmandu. As per the report, the water request of Kathmandu valley is approx. 320 million every day where as the current supply is 160 million every day. UNICEF directed seismic defenselessness mapping of the drinking water supply framework in 2003 alongside the limit mapping in 2008. The bunch has arranged an emergency course of action with the interest of Government of Nepal, UN and other I/NGOs. UNICEF has made 22,000 standard cleanliness units accessible alongside prepositioned load of WASH supplies that incorporate water tanks, can sections, pails, and water treatment hardware. PM Calamity (Relief) Fund 2063 of Nepal A Prime Minister Disaster alleviation subsidize discharge arrangement 2063 was figured to set up a Prime priest help finance and to characterize the approach for the utilization of alleviation support with the goal that powerful help can be given to the catastrophe exploited people. The Fund is worked by the board of trustees of 8 individuals, secretary from the Prime pastor office being the secretary. All the measure of the reserve is saved in Nepal Rastra Bank or some other bank. The measure of the store will be worked with the mark of somewhere around two people. The board of trustees can impart its privileges of utilizing asset to CNDRC or DDRC according to prerequisite. The reserve includes the sum got from: The guide given by individuals from taxpayer driven organization The sum given by NGO, INGos , industrialist, NRN , residents Help giving nation , outside NGO Different sources The reserve must be utilized for following reason: Save of the fiasco injured individual and assurance of property. Impermanent camp foundation To give Emergency nourishment, solution , help, garments and training Restorative treatment of those harmed because of fiasco Help for dead body administration. Debacle readiness and mindfulness Flotsam and jetsam evacuation and administration Help for Shelter development and recovery The reserve task panel includes following individuals : Bad habit Chairperson National arranging commission Secretary : MOHA Secretary : Ministry of neighborhood improvement Secretary : Ministry of Population and Health Secretary : Ministry of water Resources Secretary : Ministry of Agriculture improvement Secretary : Ministry of physical arranging and development Secretary: Coordinator, Office of Prime pastor and gathering of priests. The records and Audits is kept up in agreement of the pervasive law. National Relief Standard 2064 of Nepal The National alleviation standard 2064 was figured as a rule for giving monetary help to the debacle unfortunate casualties. It was corrected in 2064 and 2069. This help standard involves Save readiness administration Crisis Relief and Rescue Data administration, Supervision and Evaluation Save readiness administration Focal catastrophe help panel masterminds backup look and protect materials for prompt reaction. Hazard appraisal and danger mapping for limiting danger and warehousing of help material in focus, territorial and region level. Distinguish the sort of catastrophe the locale is powerless against . Upkeep of backup talented labor somewhere around 25 . For hunt and Rescue , in each of the 75 regions , protect types of gear are warehoused and 25 people are kept backup. Arrangement of focal calamity help reserve of 7 lakh and District debacle alleviation finance 3 lakh. Socials laborer, Ngos should facilitate with LDRC for open mindfulness about calamity administration. The uproot individuals ought to be sorted out in a camp that is built up in an open space other than school and healthpost. DDRC should organize national and universal Search and Rescue group. Crisis save and help conveyance DDRC ought to give 40000 to the group of individual who bite the dust in a calamity. On the off chance that a house and sustenance crops are decimated because of fiasco, for crisis sustainment of life Rs 5000 for every family is given. In the event that camp must be composed, DDRC should facilitate MOHA. On the off chance that nourishment and budgetary guide is to be given, the points of interest ought to send MOHA. The guide ought to be given through either LDRC or DDRC. The nearness of chose Member of Parliament/pioneers of every single political gathering supported. On the off chance that the circumstance of neighborhood dislodging is noticeable upto 20,000 guide can be given after the choice of DDRC. For the possibility circumstance CNDRC can give extra 15000/Family. The treatment of debacle injured individual in legislative healing facility is free. RS 1000 to be accommodated additionally care. For the restoration and Reconstruction Ministry of backwoods ought to give died down wood. In the event that any individual from fiasco injured individual family needs to go for outside work, DDRC should prescribe to Department od work and transport. The casualties of Earthquake , Flood, Landslide, Thunderstrom, Strom, Cold web , Snow Fall , Air, street mischance and pontoon overturn because of debacle are obligated for help. CDO can spend Upto Rs 5000, through the choice of DDRC. The activities made reference to above must be executed by DDRC inside the 30 days of calamity. Data administration, Supervision and assessment A site of National point of convergence ought to be made for data spread. NEOC and CDO office should refresh the measurements of focal and region level of catastrophe and distribute it every year. >GET ANSWER