What impact did Franklin Delano Roosevelt’s administration and the New Deal have on the office of the presidency?
‘There is a total lack of discipline in schools. It has deteriorated to such an extent that students severely injure teachers and fellow colleagues to the extent that the crime kills them’ (Berger, 2003). This statement highlights the impact that crime has on education post-apartheid. Ramdass, emphasises how crime and violence occurring within the surrounding areas of a school can jeopardise the students motivation to learn. However, the main theme explored within the works of Ramdass remains the fact that so little skilled teachers are available to teach the basics. Which poses yet another question; do unskilled teachers that lack content knowledge also lack authority? Authority- what is it really all about? Hannah Arendt (1954) According to Arendt, there are many controversies circulated around the word ‘authority’. We should define what authority was and not what it is, for she argues that the concept of authority has vanished from the modern/westernised world. The very term is apprehensive and clouded by misunderstandings derived from generations of uneducated individuals. Yet again there is a correlation between politics and that of authority, where Arendt states that authority is initially political in nature. She also raises the undeniable importance of the differences between the conceptions of authority and that of an authoritarian nature. Authority to her originated from the Greek philosopher Plato, where he defined authority as originating from the Greek method of supervising domestic affairs; persuasion and the way in which to handle foreign affairs; violence and force. In the opinion of Arendt, it is evident that to her authority encompass the definitions of persuasion, violence and force based on Greek philosophy. However, it shares the common ground of stability or discipline. She makes mention of a man Machiavelli, who never quite used the term authority but practiced it. Whereas authoritarianism is when force is used to crumble the stability of which that authority is built on. Both terms were coin>GET ANSWER