Answer the following questions based upon this article:
In the section -Executive Summary,” the authors explain contributing factors to gender gaps in different social domains, and posited that gaps may continue to exist “partly because they’re rooted in the existentialist belief that women and men have fundamentally different aptitudes and are accordingly suited for fundamentally different types of roles (e.g., occupations, majors, relationships). These widely diffused beliefs work at once to (a) encourage women and men to make choices that are consistent with such stereotypical views (i.e., the “socialization mechanism”), and (b) encourage managers and those in authority to allocate occupations and other roles in accord with such stereotypical views (i.e., the -discrimination mechanism”)” (page 5). What is meant by an “existentialist belief about perceived differences between men and women? How does this belief affect the types of choices men and women make in their lives? (5 points)
The Pathways report contains extensive information about gender gaps in various societal domains: education, health, employment, earnings, poverty, safety net, occupational segregation, discrimination, workplace sexual harassment, and social networks. Choose three domains that are examined in the report. For each domain, answer the following questions: (10 points) What gender gaps currently exist in this social domain? What caused the gaps? What are some policy suggestions to narrow or close the gaps?
From the “Policy” section (pp. 47-49), name two factors that have impeded the US in making further progress in increasing gender equality. What are three things that the US could do to reduce gender inequality? (5 points)