Part 1: What are the key issues in assessing hate crimes legislation and enforcement? Should “hate crimes” legislation be abandoned? Should they be strengthened? In answering this question, define “hate crime° statutes and discuss the criminological bases for these statutes and the obstacles they face in meeting constitutional requirements. Include relevant articles and cases. Restrict your sources to material covered in class and in the readings.
Part 2: Compare and Contrast the European and American approaches to dealing with hate speech as hate crimes. Discuss the key cases and key readings. Assess the argument that the First Amendment and the Due Process Clauses of the Fifth and Fourteenth Amendment prevent states from enacting hate speech regulation and the argument that the Fourteenth Amendment demands that we regulate hate speech. What is the sociological/criminological impact of our present policy? What would the likely impact be of taking a different course? Restrict your sources to those either discussed in the lectures or assigned as readings.
An investigation of AIDS/HIV Epidemic and Impact of Getting to zero Strategy among Women in the Eastern Region of Democratic Republic of Congo from 1996 2. Theoretical This exploration venture shows the conditions and outcomes of HIV/AIDS among Congolese ladies in the Eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) from 1996 to 2011. The goal of this investigation is to decide the impacts of HIV/AIDS in Democratic Republic of Congo, particularly in Eastern district, and the impact, assuming any, of the National Policy to destroy this human scourge that is wiping out the DRC's people to come. The fundamental research question of this examination is: What are the issues and issues inborn in the HIV/AIDS pestilence among Congolese ladies in the Eastern locale of Democratic Republic of the Congo from 1996 to 2011? To address the fundamental research question, four sub-questions are investigated: (1) what is the recorded point of view of HIV scourge among Congolese ladies in the Democratic Republic of the Congo?; (2) what factors added to the HIV plague among Congolese ladies in the Eastern locale of Democratic Republic of the Congo?; (3) what are the momentum national strategy and endeavors of the DRC government to address HIV pestilence?; (4) what must DRC and its national approach on HIV/AIDS do to successfully deliver endeavors to forestall, control, and annihilate the HIV/AIDS pandemic? 3. Research Context Setting of the Problem HIV or AIDS has influenced everyone in a route in a worldwide pandemic. The pestilence in Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) has affected numerous lives on various levels and divisions of the networks, particularly in the Eastern piece of DRC where brutality still is a predicament for some. In Eastern Congo, the wellbeing, the economy, training, and social administrations parts, have been likewise influenced by the creating HIV/AIDS infection. The high HIV/AIDS rate in the Eastern DRC has been joined by the continuous mineral clash in the district, and has influenced the lives of most inhabitants of Bukavu, the capital city of South Kivu in the East. As a rule, numerous expert ladies experience the ill effects of HIV in the Congo, yet regularly ladies in provincial regions who are not instructed are the ones passing on consistently in light of the fact that they don't approach the medicine offered in the nation. It appears as though they have been overlooked by the world. 4. Research Questions The motivation behind this examination paper is to decide the impacts of HIV/AIDS in Democratic Republic of Congo, particularly in Eastern area, and the impact, assuming any, of the National Policy to destroy this human scourge that is wiping out the DRC's people to come. The proposal for this examination was worked around the Main Research Question: What are the issues and issues intrinsic in HIV plague among Congolese ladies in the Eastern area of Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) from 1996 to 2011? With the end goal to answer the above particular inquiry, the accompanying examination sub-questions were investigated: 1.What is the authentic point of view of HIV pandemic among Congolese ladies in the Democratic Republic of the Congo? 2.What variables added to the HIV plague among Congolese ladies in the Eastern area of Democratic Republic of the Congo? 3.What are the present national strategy and exertion of the DRC government to address HIV plague? 4.What must DRC and its national arrangement on HIV/AIDS do to viably deliver endeavors to avoid, control, and destroy the HIV/AIDS plague? 5. Research Methods The proposition should layout your examination strategies, clarifying how you will lead your exploration. Your techniques may incorporate visiting specific libraries or chronicles, field work or meetings. Most research is library-based. On the off chance that your proposed research is library-based, you ought to clarify where your key assets (e.g. law reports, diary articles) are situated (in the Law School's library, Westlaw and so forth). On the off chance that you intend to lead field work or gather exact information, you ought to give insights about this (e.g. in the event that you plan interviews, who will you meet? What number of meetings will you direct? Will there be issues of access?). This segment ought to likewise clarify how you will break down your exploration discoveries. Research Design and Methodology This investigation utilized a subjective plan strategy to control the examination. Applicable writing survey bolstered the announcement of the issue and the exploration sub inquiries under this investigation. This subjective strategy helped the creator unite general data and information gathering process, examination, investigate, documentation, outline and end with the end goal to accomplish a theory for instruction that will most adequately achieve the objectives. This approach additionally gave the creator a greatest use of the accessible research time and asset advantage. The subjective strategy is solid with a building clarification examination. The objective of the examination is to distinguish the issues and issues inalienable in HIV pestilence among Congolese ladies in the Eastern district of Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) from 1996 to 2011. From April 2010 to August 2010, the creator directed a writing audit through Strayer's libraries (DC, Takoma Park, Alexandra, and Arlington) on ladies fighting HIV in Congo from 1996 2011. Point looks were done, without dialect confinements, to distinguish papers that managed the subject of HIV/AIDS and ladies in Democratic Republic of Congo, or ladies and HIV/AIDS pestilence. The blends of the expressions "HIV", "Helps", "Bukavu, South-Kivu", "HIV in South and North Kivu 1996-2011" and "Equitable Republic Congo ladies and war" were databases that the creator examined. The creator utilized a mix of the nation's name when it was chosen and more hunt terms, for example, "ladies battling HIV in Bukavu". The first information originated from the UNHCR. Extra information originated from the national government association, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDCP) in the States, USAID, and UN peacekeeping including esteem affirmation frameworks of the Antenatal-care sentinel observation. Online hunts of administrative and non-legislative associations were utilized to get the distributed and unpublished articles alongside the measurements. Online databases distributed nation and antenatal-care sentinel-website review information for HIV from the UNAIDS and furthermore the World Health Organization (WHO) worldwide HIV/AIDS. At long last the creator returned to the Eastern piece of Democratic Republic of Congo, Bukavu in Summer 2010 to talk with a portion of the casualties of HIV/AIDS, a few specialists, HIV teachers inside charitable associations, and a portion of the UN mindful individuals set up and gathered a few information from them to all the more likely comprehend the circumstance in the area. 6. Noteworthiness of Research This exploration venture is imperative since it handles difficulties and significant issues in the lives of ladies influenced by HIV/AIDS in the network of Bukavu situated in South Kivu, Eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo. These ladies feel they have been abandoned while the issues endure and keep on diminishing the following Congolese age. The creator by and by lived with a portion of the contaminated ladies of Kivu for a long time (Sept 1997-2000) in the network of Bukavu, she took an interest in various hierarchical exercises with the end goal to enable them to comprehend that they are not the only one in this battle. The creator picked up a superior comprehension of their battle with the HIV/AIDS infection, and the political, social, and financial obstructions these ladies confront. The creator made a trip back to the area (Summer 2010) to gather more factual certainties on the present circumstance, and additionally to contemplate how the National HIV/AIDS Policy is at present attempting to help these ladies and their youngsters. The reason the creator inspected the investigation of HIV pandemic among Congolese ladies in the Eastern locale of Democratic Republic of Congo from 1996 to 20011 is on account of like numerous others, the creator needed to realize what the legislature of DRC is doing to help these ladies and their families in such a risky circumstance and if there are laws that are being pursued and regarded in the Eastern Congo towards these issues. This examination perceives what is huge and great in the HIV national arrangement in the Congo, yet additionally demonstrates the shortcoming of that strategy. This examination tries to clarify the principle issues in the National HIV arrangement in the nation, with the understanding that the procedure of progress isn't simple. The exploration plans to propose things that should be possible to help these ladies who are deserted by their families and wind up kicking the bucket. The focal point of this investigation will endeavor to discover answers for the issues by recommending upgrades in the human services framework in the area, and discovering approaches to plan and instruct these ladies living with HIV and their families, and help them to pick up trust in themselves, and be acknowledged by the individuals who dismiss them because of their status. Each person inside the Democratic Republic of Congo particularly those in most influenced territories, for example, Eastern area are qualified for realize what their rights are and gain instruction about HIV/AIDS and in addition the laws and strategies identified with HIV in their networks. The administration of DRC needs to stop the savagery in the locale and take in more about this circumstance that is wiping the Congolese people to come. Significant anticipation is particularly required in provincial territories where these ladies are found. All national and global organizations managing HIV/AIDS, and colleges and researchers in DRC, researchers abroad ought to teach themselves on these issues to encourage the influenced people and the Congolese government to enhance this circumstance. When this learning is increased through instruction and activities, the expectation of the creator is that ladies in Eastern Congo or Kivus will be transformed into enabled ladies all through enlarged information of approach related with wellbeing and social issues. Accordingly, these women.>GET ANSWER