Explain what health literacy is and why it is so important to nurse’s and health care professionals overall. Can you explain a specific example of a time when you, a family member or a friend experienced a problem with health literacy in a healthcare setting? Make sure to provide sufficient detail.
Go to the CDC 2030 Health People website (you can find the link in this Module under Health Literacy or google it). What is the relation between health literacy and the Healthy People 2030 Initiatives? Choose at least 2 of the objectives outlined in the Healthy People 2030 Initiative in relation to health literacy that you feel would be most appropriate to address within the community where you work and/or live. Provide a detailed explanation of why you chose these two objectives in relation to your community.
Describe three specific interventions that could address the 2 health literacy objectives you identified. It is important to integrate your understanding of the community in relation to those factors that are integral to your community (cultural norms, socioeconomic status, health education status, English language fluency, etc). Make sure to support these interventions with rationales of why you believe these interventions would be effective in your community; essentially integrating your personal and professional understanding of your community into the discussion.
Selective attention is when the individual is particular about the information they find regarding subjects, ensuring, unconsciously, that it agrees with their beliefs. It is “the process of directing our awareness to relevant stimuli while ignoring irrelevant stimuli in the environment.” (McLeod, 2018) This is both a good thing and a bad thing. On one hand, it is an automatic filtering system, allowing us to focus on what we need and discard that which is irrelevant., hence it is linked with high academic achievement in children , as the better selective attention skills one has, the less they are distracted by the external environment. However, it may also result in a very close-minded, narrow view. Treisman’s Attenuation Model is often used as a theory to explain selective attention. The model shows that the attenuator, essentially, mutes and filters input that is unnecessary and gives full attention to that which is necessary to the individual. However, research conducted by Treisman herself has shown that, while the attenuated information does not remain in short term memory, individuals are aware of the information for a period of time. This shows that all entries are processed, but only some are retained in the memory. Desire to believe is the key to unlocking the mechanism of confirmation bias. It is exactly what it sounds like; you believe what you want to believe and actively, yet often unconsciously, seek out information that supports and strengthens your beliefs. Without the desire to believe, one would not be able to divide their attention selectively, leading to the downfall of the confirmation bias. How This Relates to Parkinson’s Disease Parkinson’s Disease is an excellent model for mind-body interactions and “studying the neurobiological mechanisms of the placebo effect.” (Benedetti, F. 2009) The placebo effect is also commonly used to treat parkinsonian patients, as there is a relatively high success rate. As can be seen in Figure 2, in the first approximately 8 months, the rate of clinical improvement in Parkinson’s Disease symptoms is the same in real surgery and sham surgery. Even almost two years after the procedure, the projected rate of improvement is not vastly different. This shows how effective sham or placebo surgery treatments are, and more importantly, how potent the mind is. Furthermore, in a double-blind placebo surgery trial for parkinsonism, psychiatrists concluded “In all cases, those who thought they received the transplant reported better scores… demonstrating the value of placebo-controlled surgical trials.” (McRae, et al. 2004) This concurs with the findings of Benedetti (2009) who discovered that, after 18 months, there was substantial improvement in both real and sham surgery groups for both motor performance and quality of life. Therefore, the placebo effect and related treatments can be widely utilised for parkinsonian patients, as it delivers the desired outcome without the possible side effects. As I previously mentioned, the symptoms of Parkinson’s Disease include tre>GET ANSWER