taking the class HEALTH PROMOTION AND DISEASE PREVENTION for the Nurse Practitioner Program. Every response should be substantive demonstrating critical thinking and thoughts delving deeper into the discussion topic and course content. Please provide one professional peer-reviewed scholarly journal references, articles must be within a five-year timeframe, properly cited in American Psychological Association (APA) format. Response should be more than 130 words plus references. Internet documents including Google references, blogs, Wikipedia, .com, or other non-scholarly documents should not be used for references. Creditable Internet websites include .org, .edu, .gov or Health On the Net (HON) approved sites. Scholarly professional online journals retrieved from the library using bibliographic databases or national professional organizations are acceptable.

Post 1
The International Organization for Migration (IOM) identified high disparity numbers of health care among patients living in rural areas compared to individuals receiving nurse care in urban areas (Ian et al., 2013). The study was conducted between 2005 and 2010. A recommendation was made for the creation of a health promotion strategy, and disease prevention model. To attain these objectives in the most efficient approach, an evaluation strategy should be designed around a health promotion program. This approach will maximize the effectiveness of the program since the right methods will be utilized in ensuring competence, rather than designing a health program around an evaluation strategy, where the efficiency of the system is not guaranteed.
According to Miet & Knudson (2017), when an evaluation policy is planned around a health program, many factors are first put into consideration before making a long-term move. The evaluation strategy ensures the following actions are completed before establishing a firm health program; establishment of the methods of control and administration of the program, determination of methods of monitoring performance, identification of the most operative intrusions, and development of an integrated health program, which defines the right course of action. These strategies act as guidelines in the formulation of a perfect health program and disease prevention model. The faults can be easily identified in the deliberation stage, and corrective measures are put in place (Cowie et al., 2016). Also, the right stakeholders are easily engaged or consulted since they provide better and modern approaches on how to promote health care in rural areas. After the impacts and outcomes are determined, proper policies of reducing health disparity in these regions are implemented.

Note: Please provide 1 reference at the end of each one, INDIVIDUALY.

Post 2
Utilizing a health promotion and disease prevention model, discuss how the master’s prepared nurse could design a health promotion program
When the master’s prepared nurse is designing a health promotion program in the rural community, he/she must give careful consideration to different factors and resources affecting the delivery of healthcare services to the population. It is important to identify their culture assumptions, level of education, genetic predispositions, accessibility to healthful food choices, and access to health promotion services (Raingruber, 2017, p. 221). It is vital to include different stakeholders for a health promotion model to be successful. Partnership with different health care organizations, schools, and community associations can help develop a more personalized health promotion model for that specific rural population (Coe & de Beyer, 2014). Different health promotion and disease-prevention models have been utilized in order to eliminate disparities by using different behavioral frameworks. The Social Ecological Model (SEM) can be utilized by the master’s prepared nurse as a health promotion and disease prevention model to help redesign the health care needs of America.
The Social Ecological Model (SEM) most commonly used was authored by Urie Bronfenbrenner (1979) and is also called Ecological System Theory (Raingruber, 2017, p. 62). Bronfenbrenner had a deep influence by Kurt Lewis, he thought that everyone’s behavior is connected to different levels such as the individual, and their physical and social environment; examples include residential, educational, occupational, recreational, religious, and healthcare environments (Raingruber, 2017, p. 61). The different levels of the Social Ecological Model have a multifactorial influence so they all influence each other and work together. For this health promotion program to be successful, it does need to target all these levels of the SEM in order to be accomplished. This model highlights a behavioral framework. It consists of implementing different changes at various levels and shows how different factors improve or affect behavior and health care results. The Social Ecological Model provides a very useful theoretical framework for linking the reciprocal relationship between the individual and its environment (Salihu, Wilson, King, Marty, & Whiteman, 2015).




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