There are significant differences in the quality and span of life between individuals and some populations
experience a disproportionate amount of disease burden. This assignment will identify a health disparity and
discuss social determinants of health, epidemiology, cultural considerations, and health care literacy.
Develop a scholarly paper that includes the following criteria:
- Identify and define health disparity related to the advanced practice nurse’s area of practice or chosen
a. Some examples include asthma, cancer, cardiovascular disease, stroke, diabetes, obesity, low birth weight,
infant mortality, HIV/AIDS, TB, Depression, Schizophrenia, Substance Use Disorders.
- Discuss three social determinants of health.
- Describe how the three social determinants of health could influence the identified health disparity.
- Identify the epidemiology associated with the chosen health disparity.
a. Specify the incidence at the state level
b. Specify the incidence at the national level
- Describe the cultural considerations related to the chosen health disparity.
6.Describe the health care literacy challenges of the population impacted by chosen health disparity.
One of the most well known forms of vocal communication is birdsong, and the avians that perform this action are generally considered to include three taxa of songbirds: trochiliformes, psittaciformes, and passeriformes, commonly known as hummingbirds, parrots, and songbirds respectively (Miyamoto 2006). In order to communicate, birds must be able to both produce and perceive sounds. The primary organ that birds use for speech is the syrinx. It is situated in the thoracic cavity between the two bronchial tubes, which lead to the birds lungs; by contrast, humans and most other mammals have a larynx. When a bird vocalizes, membranes on the two bronchi vibrate to produce sound waves as air passes by them. The bird can control these membranes individually in order to create two sounds simultaneously (Attenborough 1998). Additionally, the size and beak shape of birds have also been shown to play a role in the sounds they produce. A bird with a larger body will produce sounds with longer wavelengths; a bird whose beak gapes widely will produce a sound of higher frequency. In closed habitats like the forest or the woods, where sound can be lost to the surroundings, it is advantageous to produce sounds of lower frequency than those produced by birds from open habitats such as the savannah or grasslands (García 2018). Thus, the habitat of a songbird may indirectly affect its body shape. As birds have incredible control over the sounds they can produce, this skill is used primarily in mating rituals. Although both male and female birds have the mechanisms to produce and perceive song, male birds are the primary performers of song as part of their attempt to attract a mate. In order to attract a mate, males must use increasingly complex songs; otherwise habituation will occur in the female birds. Habituation refers to a female bird becoming “used” to a sound, so that it no longer captures her attention. Song learning birds, who are able to develop and produce new sound patterns within their lifetime, have been shown to mimic the calls of other birds, perhaps in order to increase the complexity of their repertoire and appear extra impressive. However, this behavior is somewhat paradoxical. Female birds must be able to distinguish calls made by their same species, or conspecific songs, in order to mate with those individuals, and genetically prefer conspecific songs (Miyamoto 2006). The perception of song by other birds play>GET ANSWER